55. The reason due to which Amir Al Momineen (asws) neglected Al Asr Prayer during the lifetime of Rasool-Allah (saww) until it expired; and the reason due to which he (asws) neglected it after its expiration until the sun was returned for him (asws), once again

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حدثنا احمد بن الحسن القطان رحمه الله قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن محمد ابن صالح قال حدثنا عمر بن خالد المخزومى قال حدثنا ابن نباته عن محمد بن موسى عن عمارة بن مهاجر، عن أم جعفر وأم محمد بنتي محمد بن جعفر، عن اسماء بنت عميس وهي جدتهما قالت: خرجت مع جدتى اسماء بنت عميس وعمي عبد الله ببن جعفر حتى إذا كنا بالصهباء قالت: حدثتني اسماء بنت عميس قالت يا بنية كنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في هذا المكان فصلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله الظهر ثم دعا عليا (ع) فاستعان به في بعض حاجته ثم جاءت العصر فقام النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فصلى العصر فجاء علي (ع) فقعد إلى جنب رسول الله فأوحى الله تعالى إلى نبيه صلى الله عليه وآله فوضع رأسه في حجر علي (ع) حتى غابت الشمس لا يرى منها شئ لا على أرض ولا على جبل ثم جلس رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال لعلي (ع) هل صليت العصر؟ فقال: لا يا رسول الله انبئت انك لم تصل فلما وضعت رأسك في حجري لم اكن لاحركه فقال: اللهم ان هذا عبد على احتبس نفسه على نبيك فرد عليه شرقها فطلعت الشمس فلم يبق جبل ولا أرض إلا طلعت عليه الشمس ثم قام علي عليه السلام وصلى ثم انكسفت.


1. Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Al Qatan narrated to us, from Abu Al Hassan Muhammad Ibn Salih, from Umar Bin Khalid Al Makhzouny, from Ibn Nabata, from Muhammad Bin Musa, from Amarat Bin Mahajir, from Umm Ja’far and Umm Muhammad, daughters of Muhammad Bin Ja’far, from Asma Bint Umays, and she was their grandmother. She said, ‘I went out with my grandmother Asma Bin Umays, and my uncle Abdullah Bin Ja’far until we were at Al-Sahba’a. She said, ‘Asma Bint Umays narrated to me saying, ‘O daughter! We were with Rasool-Allah (saww) in this very place. So, Rasool-Allah (saww) Prayed Al-Zohr, then called Ali (a.s.). So he (saww) sought his (a.s.) assistance with regards to some need. Then Al-Asr came. So the Prophet (saww) arose, and he (saww) Prayed Al-Asr. Then Ali (a.s.) came over, so he (a.s.) sat by the side of Rasool-Allah (saww) So Allah (azwj) the High Revealed unto His (azwj) Prophet (saww), so he (saww) placed his (saww) head in the lap of Ali (a.s.) until the sun disappeared, and nothing could be seen from it, neither upon the ground, nor upon a mountain. Then Rasool-Allah (saww) sat up, so he (saww) said to Ali (a.s.): ‘Have you (a.s.) Prayed Al-Asr?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘No, O Rasool-Allah (saww)! I (a.s.) have been given the news that you (saww) have not Prayed (as well). So when you (saww) placed your (saww) head in my (a.s.) lap, I (a.s.) could not get myself (a.s.) to move it’. So he (saww) said: ‘O Allah (azwj)! This servant, Ali (a.s.), retained himself (a.s.) upon (serving) Your (azwj) Prophet (saww), therefore Return to him (a.s.), Your (azwj) east’. So the sun emerged, and there did not remain a mountain, nor a ground except that the sun emerged upon it. Then Ali (a.s.) arose and Prayed. Then it was eclipsed’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنى سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن الحسين بن سعيد عن احمد بن عبد الله القزويني عن الحسين بن المختار القلانسى عن ابى بصير عن عبد الواحد بن المختار الانصاري عن أم المقدام الثقفية قالت: قال لي جويرية بن مسهرة قطعنا مع أمير المؤمنين علي بن ابى طالب (ع) جسر الصراة في وقت العصر فقال: ان هذه أرض معذبة لا ينبغى لنبي ولا وصي نبي أن يصلي فيها فمن أراد منكم أن يصلي فيها فليصل فتفرق الناس يمنة ويسرة وهم يصلون فقلت انا والله لاقلدن هذا الرجل صلاتي اليوم ولا أصلى حتى يصلى فسرنا وجعلت الشمس تسفل وجعل يد خلنى من ذلك أمر عظيم حتى وجبت الشمس وقطعنا الارض فقال يا جويرية اذن فقلت تقول اذن وقد غابت الشمس؟ فقال اذن فاذنت ثم قال قال لي أقم فاقمت فلما قلت قد قامت الصلاة رأيت شفتيه يتحركان وسمعت كلاما ما كأنه كلام العبرانية فارتفعت الشمس حتى صارت في مثل وقتها في العصر فصلى فلما انصرفنا هوت إلى مكانها واشتبكت النجوم فقلت فانا اشهد انك وصي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: يا جويرية اما سمعت الله عزوجل يقول (فسبح باسم ربك العظيم، فقلت: بلى، قال فانى سألت الله باسمه العظيم فردها على.


2. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to me, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Ahmad Bin Abdullah Al Qazwiny, from Al Husayn Bin Al Mukhtar Al Qalanisy, from Abu Baseer, from Abdul Al Wahid Bin Al Mukhtar Al Ansary, from Umm Al Maqdam Al Saqafy who said, ‘Juweyriya Bin Mas’harat said to me, ‘We crossed over a bridge of Al-Sirat at the time of Al-Asr, so he (a.s.) said: ‘This land is a Punished one, it is not befitting for a Prophet (as) nor a successor (as) of a Prophet (as) that he (as) should Pray in it. Thus, whoever from you intends to Pray in it, so let him do so’. So the people dispersed to the right and left, and they were Praying. So I said (to myself), ‘By Allah (azwj)! I will emulate this man (a.s.) in my Prayer today, and I will not Pray until he (a.s.) Prays’. So we travelled and the sun went low, and that entered into me as a grievous matter, until the sun set, and we cut across the land. So he (a.s.) said: ‘O Juweyriya! Call out the Azan!’ So I said, ‘You (a.s.) are telling me to call the Azan and the sun has already set?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Call out the Azan!’ So I called out the Azan. Then he (a.s.) said to me: ‘Call out the Iqama!’ So I called out the Iqama. So when I said, ‘The Prayer has been established (قد قامت الصلاة), I saw his (a.s.) two lips moving, and I heard words as if they were Hebrew words. So the sun arose until it became similar to its time during Al-Asr. So he (a.s.) Prayed. So when we finished, it returned to its place, and the stars twinkled. So I said, ‘I hereby testify that you (a.s.) are the successor (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘O Juweyriya! But have you not heard Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Saying [56:74] Therefore Glorify by the Name of your Lord, the Magnificent?’ So I said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So I (a.s.) asked Allah (azwj) by His (azwj) Magnificent Name, so He (azwj) Returned it for me (a.s.)’.