344. The reason due to which the inheritance came to be for the males similar in portion to two females

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي القاسم ما جيلويه عن محمد بن عيسى عن علي بن الحكم عن أبان عن مسير قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن النساء ما لهن من الميراث، فقال: لهن قيمة المطلوب والبناء والخشب والقصب، فاما الارض والعقار فلا ميراث لهن فيهما، قلت: الثياب لهن؟ قال: الثياب نصيبهن فيه، قلت: كيف هذا ولهن الثمن والربع مسمى؟ قال: لان المرأة ليس لها نسب ترث به وانما هي دخلت عليهم وانما صار هذا هكذا لئلا تتزوج المرأة فيجئ زوجها أو ولدها من قوم آخرين فيزاحمون هؤلاء في عقارهم.


1. My father said, ‘Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim Majaylawiya narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Aban, from Maseyr who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws) about the woman, ‘What is there for them from the inheritance?’ He (asws) said: ‘For them is the value of the requirements, and the construction, and the wood, and the cane. But, as for the land and the property, so there is no inheritance for them in these two’. I said, ‘The clothes, are for them?’ He (asws) said: ‘The clothes, there is a portion for them in it’. I said, ‘How can this be, and for them is the eight, and the quarter of the named?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because the woman, there is no lineage for her to inherit by, but rather, she is included upon them. But rather, this came to be like this, perhaps the woman would be married (to another), so her husband would come, or her son, from another people, so they would be crowding out those in their property’.




حدثنا علي بن أحمد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان ان الرضا عليه السلام كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة المرأة انها لا ترث من العقار شيئا إلا قيمة الطوب والنقض لان العقار لا يمكن تغييره وقلبه والمرأة قد يجوز أن ينقطع ما بينها وينه من العصمة ويجوز تغييرها وتبديلها وليس الولد والوالد كذلك لانه لا يمكن التفصي منها والمرأة ويمكن الاستبدال بها فما يحوز أن يجئ ويذهب كان ميراثها فيما يجوز تبديله وتغيره إذا شبهها وكان الثابت المقيم على حاله لمن كان مثله في الثبات والمقام.


2. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammd Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Al-Reza (asws) wrote to him in answer regarding what he wrote asking him (asws): ‘The reason for the woman that she does not inherit anything from the real estate except for the value of the bricks and the canes, is because the real estate, it is not possible to change it and turn it. And the woman, it is allowed that he cuts off what is between her and him from the bond of marriage, and he is allowed to change her and replace her, while the children and the parents are not like that, because it is not possible to be rid from them, and the woman, it is possible for her to be replaced. Thus, what is not possessed and comes and goes, her inheritance would be in what is allowed to be replaced and changed since it is a resemblance, and the one which is firm and permanent upon its state is for the one who was similar to it in the firmness and the permanency’.