342. The reason due to which the bequest came to be with the third

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثني محمد بن يحيى العطار عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله عن أبيه عن ابن أبي عمير عن غير واحد عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: سهام المواريث من ستة اسهم لا تزيد عليها، فقيل له: يابن رسول الله ولم صارت ستة اسهم؟ قال: لان الانسان خلق من ستة اشياء وهو قول الله تعالى (ولقد خلقنا الانسان من سلالة من طين، ثم جعلناه نطفة في قرار مكين، ثم خلقنا النطفة علقة فخلقنا العلقة مضغة، فخلقنا المضغة عظاما فكسونا العظام لحما).

1. My father said, ‘Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar narrated to me, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from someone else, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The shares of the inheritors from six portions, there would not be any increase over it’. So it was said to him (a.s.), ‘O Son (a.s.) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! And why did it come to be of six portions?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because the human being has been Created from six things, and these are the Words of Allah (azwj) the High [23:12] And We Created the human from an extract of clay [23:13] Then We Made him a small seed in a firm resting-place [23:14] Then We Created the seed to be a clot, then We Created the clot to be a lump of flesh, then We Created bones (in) the lump of flesh, then We Clothed the bones with flesh’.

حدثنا أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا أحمد ابن محمد بن عيسى قال: حدثنا عثمان بن عيسى عن سماعة بن مهران عن أبي بصير عن أبي جعفر (ع) قال: ان أمير المؤمنين (ع) كان يقول: أن الذي احصى رمل عالج يعلم ان السهام لا تعول على ستة لو يبصرون وجهها لم تجز ستة.

2. My father narrated to me, from Sa’ad bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Bin Isa, from Usman Bin Isa, from Sama’at Bin Mahran, from Abu Baseer, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said that: ‘Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) was saying: ‘Those surveyors who count the grains of sand know that the portions cannot be exceeded above six. Were they to have insight into its reason, they would not exceed six’.