34. The reason due to which a neglecter of the Prayers is named as a disbeliever

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميرى عن هارون بن مسلم عن مسعدة بن صدقة قال: سمعت ابا عبد الله عليه السلام وسئل ما بال الزانى لا تسميه كافرا وتارك الصلاة قد تسميه كافرا وما الحجة في ذلك؟ قال: لان الزانى وما اشبهه إنما يعمل ذلك لمكان الشهوة لانها تغلبه وتارك الصلاة لا يتركها إلا استخفافا بها وذلك لا تجد الزاني الذي يأتي المرأة إلا وهو مستلذ لاتيانه إياها قاصدا إليها وكل من ترك الصلاة قاصدا لتركها فليس يكون قصده لتركها اللذة فإذا انتفت اللذة وقع الاستخفاف وإذا وقع الاستخفاف وقع الكفر، قيل ما الفرق بين الكفر إلى من اتى امرأة فزنى بها أو خمرا فشربها وبين من ترك الصلاة حتى لا يكون الزانى وشارب الخمر مستخفا كما استخف تارك الصلاة وما الحجة في ذلك وما العلة التي تفرق بينما؟ قال: الحجة ان كلما ادخلت أنت نفسك فيه ولم يدعك إليه داع ولم يغلبك عليه غالب شهوة مثل الزنا وشرب الخمر وأنت دعوت نفسك إلى ترك الصلاة وليس ثم شهوة فهو الاستخفاف بعينه فهذا فرق بينهما.


1. My father said, ‘Abdullah Bin Ja’far Al Humeyri narrated to us, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Mas’ada Bin Sadaqa who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) and he was asked, ‘What is the matter that the adulterer is not named as a disbeliever, but a neglecter of the Prayer has been named as a disbeliever, and what is the proof with regards to that?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because the adulterer, and what resembles it, he does that at the place of desire, because it has overcome him, but the neglecter of the Prayer does not leave it except for belittling by it, and that is, the adulterer does not find for which he comes to the woman except that he derives pleasure when coming to it, diverting himself towards it, and everyone who neglects the Prayer, diverts himself to leave it, but there does not happen to be derivation of any pleasure to neglect it. So when there is no pleasure, the belittling occurs, and when the belittling occurs, the disbelief occurs’. It was said, ‘What is the difference between the disbelief to the one who comes to a woman and commits adultery with her, or wine, so he drinks it, and between the one who neglects the Prayer to the extent that the adulterer and the drinker of the wine is a disregarder of (Allah (azwj)) like the belittling which the neglecter of the Prayer does, and what is the proof with regards to that, and what is the reason which differentiated between these two?’ He (asws) said: ‘The proof is that, every time you enter yourself in it, and there is no inviter to invite you, and desire does not overcome you, like the adultery, and drinking the wine, and you are inviting yourself to the neglecting of the Prayer, and there is no desire in it, so it is nothing except for the belittling, very much so. Thus, this is the difference between the two’.