315. Reason for the high and low tide

Back to book

وروي ان ذا القرنين لما انتهى إلى جسده السد تجاوزه، فدخل الارض فرقا. فإذا هو بملك قائم على جبل طوله خمسمائة ذراع، فقال له الملك: يا ذا القرنين أما كان خلفك ملك، يقال له ذو القرنين، فقال له ذو القرنين: من أنت؟ قال: انا ملك من ملائكة الرحمن موكل بهذا الجبل، فليس من جبل خلقه الله تعالى إلا وله عرق إلى هذا الجبل فإذا أراد الله عزوجل أن يزلزل مدينة اوحى إلى فزلزلتها. قال محمد بن أحمد: اخبرني بهذا الحديث عيسى بن محمد عن علي بن مهزيار عن عبد الله بن عمر عن عباد بن حماد عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام.


1. It has been reported that when Zulqarnayn ended up to the body of the dam, exceeded it, so he entered a different land. So there was an Angel standing upon a mountain. His height was of five hundred cubits. So the Angel said to him: ‘O Zulqarnayn! But was there not an Angel behind you called Zulqarnayn?’ So Zulwarnayn said to him: ‘Who are you?’ He said: ‘I am an Angel from the Angels of the beneficent Allocated with this mountain. So, there is none from a mountain Created by Allah (azwj) the High, except that for it is a vein to this mountain. So, whenever Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Intends a city to be shaken, Reveals unto me, so I shake it’. Muhammad Bin Ahmad said, ‘Isa Bin Muhammad informed me with this Hadeeth, from Ali Bin Mahziyar, from Abdullah Bin Umar, from Abaad Bin Hamaad, from Abu Abdullah (a.s.)’.




حدثنا احمد بن محمد عن أبيه عن محمد بن أحمد عن الهيثم النهدي عن بعض اصحابنا باسناده رفعه قال: كان أمير المؤمنين صلوات الله عليه يقرا (ان الله يمسك السموات والارض أن تزولا ولئن زالتا ان امسكهما من احد من بعده انه كان حليما غفورا) يقولها عند الزلزلة ويقول (ويمسك السماء ان تقع على الارض إلا باذنه ان الله بالناس لرؤف رحيم).


2. Ahmad Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Al Haysam Al Nahdy, from one of our companions, by his chain, raising it, said, ‘Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) used to recite [35:41] Surely, Allah Upholds the skies and the earth lest they cease; and if they should cease, there Is none who can uphold them after Him; He has always been Forbearing, the Forgiving, saying it during the earthquake, and he (a.s.) was saying [22:65] And He Withholds the sky from falling on the earth except with His Permission; surely Allah is Compassionate, Merciful to the people’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن محمد بن خالد عن محمد بن عيسى عن علي بن مهزيار قال: كتبت إلى أبي جعفر (ع) وشكوت إليه كثرة الزلازل في الاهواز، ترى لنا التحول عنها، فكتب: لا تتحولوا عنها، وصوموا الاربعاء والخميس والجمعة واغتسلوا وطهروا ثيابكم وابرزوا يوم الجمعة، وأدعوا الله فانه يرفع عنكم، قال: ففعلنا فسكنت الزلازل، قال: ومن كان منكم مذنب فيتوب إلى الله سبحانه وتعالى ودعا لهم بخير.


3. And by this chain, from Muhammad Bin Khalid, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Mahziyar who said, ‘I wrote to Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and complained to him (a.s.) about the frequency of the tremors in Al-Ahvaz, ‘What is your (a.s.) view for us, shall we shift from it?’ So he (a.s.) wrote: ‘Do not shift from it, and Fast on the days of the Wednesday, and the Thursday, and the Friday, and wash (yourselves) and purify your clothes, and emphasise the Friday, and supplicate to Allah (azwj), so He (azwj) would Raise it from you’. So we did that (and) the tremors settled. He (a.s.) said: ‘So if there was a sinner among you, he should repent to Allah (azwj) Glorious and High, and supplicate for him with goodness’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن محمد بن أحمد عن ابراهيم بن اسحاق عن محمد بن سليمان الديلمي، قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (ع) عن الزلزلة ما هي؟ قال: آية، قلت وما سببها؟ قال: ان الله تبارك وتعالى وكل بعروق الارض الارض ملكا، فإذا أراد ان يزلزل ارضا اوحى إلى ذلك الملك ان حرك عروق كذا وكذا، قال: فيحرك ذلك الملك عروق تلك الارض التي أمر الله فتتحرك باهلها، قال: قلت فإذا كان ذلك فما اصنع؟ قال: صل صلاة الكسوف، فإذا فرغت خررت ساجدا وتقول: في سجودك (يا من يمسك السموات والارض ان تزول ولئن زالتا ان امسكهما من أحد من بعده انه كان حليما غفورا) أمسك عنا السوء انك على كل شئ قدير.


4. And by this chain, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Ibrahim Bin Is’haq, from Muhammad Bin Suleyman Al Daylami who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the earthquake, ‘What is it?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘A Sign’. I said, ‘And what is its cause?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and High has Allocated an Angel with the veins of the earth. So, whenever He (azwj) Intends that the earth should shake, Reveals unto that Angel that it moves such and such a vein. So that Angel moves those veins of the land which Allah (azwj) has Commanded for it to be moved along with its inhabitants’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘So when it is that, so what shall I do?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Pray the Prayer of the eclipse (صلاة الكسوف). So when you are free, fall down prostrate and you should be saying in your Prostration [35:41] Surely, Allah Upholds the skies and the earth lest they cease; and if they should cease, there Is none who can uphold them after Him; He has always been Forbearing, the Forgiving, withhold the evil from us, You (azwj) are Able over everything’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن محمد بن أحمد قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله الرازي عن أحمد بن محمد بن نصر عن روح بن صالح عن هارون بن خارجة رفعه عن فاطمة عليها السلام قالت: اصاب الناس زلزلة على عهد أبي بكر ففزع الناس إلى ابي بكر وعمر فودوهما قد خرجا فزعين إلى علي (ع) فتبعهما الناس إلى ان انتهوا إلى باب علي (ع) فخرج إليهم علي (عليه السلام) غير مكترث لما هم فيه، فمضى فاتبعه الناس حتى انتهى إلى تلعة، فقعد عليها و قعدوا حوله و هم ينظرون إلى حيطان المدينة ترتج جائية و ذاهبة، فقال لهم علي (عليه السلام) كأنكم قد هالكم ما ترون؟ قالوا: و كيف لا يهولنا و لم نر مثلها قط! فحرك شفتيه ثم ضرب الأرض بيده، ثم قال: مالك؟ اسكني، فسكنت، فعجبوا من ذلك أكثر من تعجبهم أولا حيث خرج إليهم، قال [لهم‏]: فإنكم قد تعجبتم من صنعي؟ قالوا: نعم، قال: أنا الرجل الذي قال الله تعالى: إِذا زُلْزِلَتِ الْأَرْضُ زِلْزالَها وَ أَخْرَجَتِ الْأَرْضُ أَثْقالَها وَ قالَ الْإِنْسانُ ما لَها، فأنا الإنسان الذي يقول لها: ما لك يَوْمَئِذٍ تُحَدِّثُ أَخْبارَها إياي تحدث أخبارها».


5. And by this chain, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Abu Abdullah Al Razy, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Nasr, from Rowh Bin Salih, from Haroun Bin Kharjat, (It has been narrated) from Syeda Fatima (a.s.). She (a.s.) said: ‘The people were struck by an earthquake during the era of Abu Bakr, so they panicked and went to Abu Bakr and Umar. They found the two of them to have gone out terrified, to Ali (a.s.). So the people followed the two of them until they ended up at the door of Ali (a.s.). Ali (a.s.) came out to them, completely indifferent to what they were in. So he (a.s.) went and they followed him (a.s.) until they ended up at a raised ground. He (a.s.) sat down upon it, and they all seated themselves around him (a.s.), and they were looking around at the wall of the city which, were shaking, coming and going. So Ali (a.s.) said to them: ‘It is as if you are all shocked at what you are seeing’. They said, ‘And how can we not be terrified and we have never seen the like of it at all!’ He (a.s.) moved his lips, then placed his (a.s.) hand upon the ground and said: ‘What is the matter with you? Calm down!’ So it calmed down. They were all more astounded at that, than what they were when they first went out to him (a.s.). He (a.s.) said to them: ‘So you are all astounded from what I (a.s.) have done?’ They said, ‘Yes’. He (a.s.) said: ‘I (a.s.) am the man for whom Allah (azwj) the High Said: “[99:1] When the earth is shaken with her (violent) shaking, [99:2] And the earth brings forth her burdens, [99:3] And man says: What has befallen her?, so I (a.s.) am that man who says to her: ‘What is the matter with you? [99:4] On that day she shall tell her news, it is I (a.s.) who she (the earth) will be narrating the news of’.