313. Reason for the Prohibition of the sodomy and the lesbianism

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حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رحمه الله قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن ابن محبوب عن مالك بن عطية عن أبي حمزة الثمالي عن أبي جعفر الباقر عليه السلام قال: ان الله تعالى عرض على آدم أسماء الانبياء واعمارهم، قال آدم باسم داود النبي فإذا عمره في العالم اربعون سنة فقال آدم عليه السلام: يا رب ما اقل عمر داود، وما اكثر عمري، يا رب إن انازدت داود من عمري ثلاثين سنة اثبت ذلك له؟ قال: يا آدم نعم، قال: فاني قد زدته من عمري ثلاثين سنة فانفذ ذلك له واثبتها له عندك واطرحها من عمري. قال أبو جعفر (عليه السلام): «فأثبت الله عز و جل لداود في عمره ثلاثين سنة، و كانت له عند الله مثبتة، و ذلك قول الله عز و جل: يَمْحُوا اللَّهُ ما يَشاءُ وَ يُثْبِتُ وَ عِنْدَهُ أُمُّ الْكِتابِ- قال- فمحا الله ما كان عنده مثبتا لآدم، و أثبت لداود ما لم يكن عنده مثبتا». قال: «فمضى عمر آدم، فهبط عليه ملك الموت ليقبض روحه، فقال له آدم: يا ملك الموت، إنه قد بقي من عمري ثلاثون سنة. فقال له ملك الموت: يا آدم، ألم تجعلها لا بنك داود النبي، و طرحتها من عمرك حين عرض عليك أسماء الأنبياء من ذريتك، و عرضت عليك أعمارهم، و أنت يومئذ بوادي الروحاء؟- قال- فقال له آدم: ما أذكر هذا- قال- فقال له ملك الموت: يا آدم، لا تجحد، ألم تسأل الله عز و جل أن يثبتها لداود، و يمحوها من عمرك، فأثبتها لداود في الزبور و محاها من عمرك في الذكر؟ قال آدم: حتى أعلم ذلك». قال أبو جعفر (عليه السلام): «و كان آدم صادقا، لم يذكر و لم يجحد، فمن ذلك اليوم أمر الله تبارك و تعالى العباد، أن يكتبوا بينهم إذا تداينوا و تعاملوا إلى أجل مسمى، لنسيان آدم و جحوده ما جعل على نفسه».


1. Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkal narrated to us, from Abdullah Bin Ja’far Al Humeyri, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Mahboub, from Maalik Bin Atiya, from Abu Hamza Al Sumaly, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far Al-Baqir (asws) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Present to Adam (as) the names of the Prophets (as) and their (as) ages. So Adam (as) passed by the name of the Prophet Dawood (as), and his (as) age in the Knowledge was Forty years. So Adam (as) said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! How little is the age of Dawood (as) and how more is my (as) age! O Lord (azwj)! I (as) am more in my (as) age than Dawood (as) by thirty years, is that Established for him (as)?’ He (azwj) Said: “Yes, O Adam (as)”. He (as) said: ‘Since I (as) am more in my (as) age than him (asws) by thirty years, Add that to him (as), and Establish it for him (as) with You (azwj), and Subtract it from my (as) age’. Abu Ja’far (asws) said: ‘So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Established for Dawood (as) in his (as) age (and increase of) thirty years, and it was Established before with Allah (azwj), and these are the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [13:39] Allah Obliterates whatever He so Desires to and Establishes, and with Him is the Mother of the Book. Thus Allah (azwj) Obliterated what was Established with Him (azwj) for Adam (as), and Established for Dawood (as) what was not Established (before) with Him (azwj)’. He (asws) said: ‘And so the age of Adam (as) came to an end, and the Angel of Death descended unto him (as) to capture his (as) soul. So Adam (as) said to him: ‘O Angel of Death! There still remain from my (as) age, thirty years’. So the Angel of Death said to him (as): ‘O Adam (as)! Did you (as) not make it to be for your (as) son (as) Dawood (as), the Prophet (as), and had it Subtracted from your (as) age where you (as) were Presented with the names of the Prophets (as) to be from your (as) offspring, and were Presented with their (as) ages, and in those days you (as) were in the valley of Al-Rawha?’ So Adam (as) said to him: ‘I do not remember this’. So the Angel of Death said to him: ‘O Adam (as)! Do not struggle. Did you (as) not ask Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic that He (azwj) should Establish it for Dawood (as), and Obliterate it from your (as) age, so He (azwj) Established it for Dawood (as) in the Psalms, and Obliterated it from your (as) age in the Remembrance?’ Adam (as) said: ‘Now I (as) remember that’. Abu Ja’far (asws) said: ‘And Adam (as) was truthful. He (as) did not remember, and did not struggle (against it). So from that day onwards, Allah (azwj) Blessed and high Commanded the servants that they should write down between them whenever they lend (to each other) and work to an appointed term, due to the forgetfulness of Adam (as), and his (as) struggling (against) is what he (as) made upon himself (as)’.