308. The reason due to which the Limit upon the slanderer and the drinker of the wine came to be eighty (lashes)

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حدثنا الحسين بن أحمد عن محمد بن علي الكوفي عن محمد بن اسلم الجبلي عن بعض اصحابه قال: سألت الرضا عليه السلام فقلت: كيف صار الزوج إذا قذف امرأته كانت شهادته اربع شهادات بالله وإذا قذفها غير الزوج جلد الحد، وان كان اباها أو اخاها قال: سئل جعفر بن محمد (ع) عن هذا فقال: لانه إذا قذف الزوج امرأته قيل له كيف علمت انها فاعلة، فان قال رأيت ذلك بعيني كانت شهادته اربع شهادات بالله وذلك انه يجوز للزوج أن يدخل المداخل في الخلوات التي لا تصلح لغيره أن يدخلها ولا يشهدها ولد ولا والد في الليل والنهار فلذلك صارت شهادته اربع شهادات بالله إذا قال: رأيت ذلك بعيني فان قال: لم اعاين ذلك صار قاذفا وضرب الحد إلا أن يقيم عليها البينة وغير الزوج إذا قذفها وادعى انه رأي ذلك قيل له كيف رأيت ذلك وما ادخلك ذلك المدخل الذي رأيت فيه هذا وحدك وانت متهم في رؤياك، فان كنت صادقا فانت في حد التهمة فلا بد من ادبك الذي اوجبه الله عليك وانما صار شهادة الزوج أربع شهادات بالله لمكان الاربعة شهداء مكان كل شاهد يمين.


1. Al Husayn Bin Ahmad, from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Aslam Al Jabaly, from one of his companions who said, ‘I asked Al-Ridha (a.s.), so I said, ‘How did it come to be, if the husband were to slander his wife, his testimony would be four testimonies by Allah (azwj), and if other than her husband were to slander her, he would be whipped the Limit, even if it were to be her father, or her brother?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) had been asked about this, so he (a.s.) said: ‘Because, if the husband were to slander his wife, it would be said to him, ‘How did you come to know that she has done it?’ So if he were to say, ‘I saw that with my own eyes’, his testimony would amount to four testimonies with Allah (azwj), and that is because it is allowed for the husband that he can enter the places alone which is not correct for others if they were to enter it, nor can the son see her, nor a parent, during the day and the night. Thus, it was due to that, his testimony came to be four testimonies with Allah (azwj), if he says, ‘I saw it with my own eyes’. So if he were to say, I did not see that, he would become a slanderer and be hit the Limit, except if he were to establish the proof against her. And other than the husband, if he were to accuse her and claim that he saw that, it would be said to him, ‘How did you see that, and what made you to enter that place in which you saw this alone, and you are accused with regards to your visualising it. So even if you were truthful, you would still be in the Limit of the accusation. Therefore it is inevitable to (teach you) manners which Allah (azwj) has Obligated upon you’. But rather the testimony of the husband is four testimonies with Allah (azwj) in place of the four witnesses swearing on oath’.