303. The reason due to which the blood money of the dead, if its head was cut off is made to be in the category of performing good deeds for the dead and will not be made to be for the inheritors, just as the blood money of the foetus is made to be

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا أحمد بن ادريس عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى عن أبي عبد الله الرازي عن الحسن بن علي بن أبي حمزة عن أبيه عن أبي عبد الله المؤمن عن اسحاق بن عمار قال، قلت لابي عبد الله (ع)، الزنا أشر من شرب الخمر؟ قال، الخمر، قلت، فكيف صار الخمر ثمانين وفي الزنا مائة، قال يا اسحاق الحد واحدا ابدا، وزيد هذا لتضييعه النطفة ولوضعه إياها في غير موضعها الذي امر الله به.

1. My father said, ‘Ahmad Bin Idrees narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Yahya, from Abu Abdullah Al Razy, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from his father, from Abu Abdullah Al Momin, from Is’haq Bin Amaar who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘The adultery is more evil (or) the drinking of the wine?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The wine’. I said, ‘So how come the wine (Punishment for drinking it) came to be eighty (lashes), and regarding the adultery, one hundred?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘O Is’haq! The Limit is one (and the same), forever, and the increase in this is for the wasting of the sperm and placing it in other than its (rightful) place which Allah (azwj) Commanded with’.

حدثنا علي بن أحمد رحمه الله قال، حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد ابن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان ان ابا الحسن الرضا عليه السلام كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة ضرب الزاني على جسده بأشد الضرب لمباشرة الزنا واستلذاذ الجسد كله به فجعل الضرب عقوبة له وعبرة لغيره وهو اعظم الجنايات.

2. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Ibn Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer regarding what he had written asking him (a.s.): ‘The reason for hitting the adulterer upon his body with severe strikes for indulging in the adultery, and the whole of his body enjoyed the pleasure by it. So the strike has been Made as a Punishment for him, and a lesson for others, and it (adultery) is the most grievous of the crimes’.