302. The reason due to which the one who kills the insane would not be killed

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار قال حدثنا محمد بن أحمد عن ابراهيم بن هاشم عن عمر بن عثمان عن بعض اصحابه عن الحسين بن خالد عن أبي الحسن موسى عليه السلام قال، دية الجنين إذا ضربت امه فسقط من بطنها قبل أن ينشأ فيه الروح مائة دينار، فهي لورثة ودية الميت إذا قطع رأسه وشق بطنه فليس هي لورثته، إنما هي له دون الورثة، فقلت له، وما الفرق بينهما؟ فقال ان الجنين أمر مستقبل مرجي نفعه، وان هذا أمر قد مضى وذهب منفعته فلما مثل به بعد وفاته صارت دية المثلة له لا لغيره يحج بها عنه ويفعل به أبواب البر من صدقة وغير ذلك.


1. My father said, ‘Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Attar narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Umar Bin Usman, from one of his companions, from Al Husayn Bin Khalid, (It has been narrated) from Abu Al-Hassan Musa (a.s.) having said: ‘Blood money of the foetus, if the mother is hit, so she miscarries from her belly before the soul has grown into it, is one hundred Dinars, so this would be for the inheritors; and blood money of the dead, if its head is cut off, and his belly is split open, so this is not for his inheritors. But rather, it is for besides the inheritors’. So I said to him (a.s.), ‘And what is the difference between the two?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘The foetus, is a matter of the future, its benefit is returned. And in this, it is a matter which has passed and its benefit has gone. So when he was tortured by after his death, the blood money comes to be for the torture, for him, not for others. Hajj would be performed by it on his behalf, and various categories of righteous deeds from charity and other than that’.