301. The reason due to which the (burden of the) proof is upon the claimant, and the swearing (oath) is upon the defendant with regards to the wealth, whereas with regards to the blood, the (burden of the) proof is upon the defendant, and upon him is the compurgation (sworn endorsements)

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن الحسن بن محبوب عن علي بن رئاب عن أبي بصير قال: سألت أبا جعفر (ع) عن رجل قتل رجلا مجنونا، قال: ان كان المجنون اراده فدفعه عن نفسه فقتله فلا شئ من قود ولا دية وتعطي ورثته من بيت مال المسلمين، قال: وان كان من غير أن يكون المجنون اراده فلا قود لمن لا يقاد منه وأرى ان على قاتله الدية في ماله يدفعها إلى ورثة المجنون ويستغفر الله ويتوب إليه.

1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Ali Bin Raib, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (asws) about a man who killed an insane man. He (asws) said: ‘If he was indeed insane, and the (killer) defended himself, so he killed him, so there is nothing from retaliation nor blood money, and his (victim’s) inheritors would be given from the Public Treasury of the Muslims. And if it was the other than the insane intended (to kill him), so there is no retaliation to the one, from whom there is no retaliation (i.e. had the insane killed him, he would not have been killed due to his insanity). Upon the killer would be the blood money from his own wealth to be handed over to the inheritors of the insane, and he should seek Forgiveness of Allah (azwj) and repent to Him (azwj)’.