299. Miscellaneous reasons for the Limits

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن الحسن بن محبوب عن أبي ولاد عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: ليس بين أهل الذمة معاقلة فيما يجنون من قتل أو جراح انما يؤخذ ذلك من أموالهم، فان لم يكن لهم أموال رجعت الجناية إلى إمام المسلمين لانهم يؤدون الجزية إليه كما يؤدي العبد لضريبة إلى سيده، قال: وهم مماليك للامام فمن اسلم منهم فهو حر.

1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Abu Walaad, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘There is no stronghold between the people under the responsibility (Ahl Al-Zimma) with regards to what they go crazy from killing or wounding. But rather, that would be taken from their wealth. So if there is no wealth for them, the crime would be referred to the Imam (asws) of the Muslims, because they are paying the tax to him (asws) just as the slave pays the monies to his master’. He (asws) said: ‘And they (the Ahl Al-Zimma) are the slaves of the Imam (asws). So, whoever from them professes to Islam, so he is free’.