29. The reason due to which the Prayer came to be of two Cycles and four Prostrations

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حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه عن عمه محمد بن أبي القاسم عن محمد بن علي الكوفي عن صباح الحذاء عن اسحاق بن عمار قال سألت أبا الحسن موسى ابن جعفر (ع) كيف صارت الصلاة ركعة وسجدتين وكيف إذا صارت سجدتين لم تكن ركعتين فقال إذا سألت عن شئ ففرغ قبلك لتفهم ان أول صلاة صلاها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله انما صلاها في السماء بين يدى الله تبارك وتعالى قدام عرشه جل جلاله وذلك انه لما أسري به وصار عند عرشه تبارك وتعالى فتجلى له عن وجهه حتى رآه بعينه قال يا محمد ادن من صاد فاغسل مساجدك وطهرها وصل لربك فدنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إلى حيث أمره الله تبارك وتعالى فتوضأ فاسبغ وضوءه ثم استقبل الجبار تبارك وتعالى قائما، فأمره بافتتاح الصلاة ففعل فقال يا محمد اقرأ (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد الله رب العالمين إلى آخرها ففعل ذلك ثم أمره أن يقرأ نسبة ربه تبارك وتعالى، بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم (قل هو الله أحد الله الصمد) ثم أمسك عنه القول فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله (قل هو الله احد الله الصمد فقال قل لم يلد ولم يولد ولم يكن له كفوا أحد) فامسك عنه القول فقال رسول الله كذلك الله ربى كذلك الله ربى كذلك الله ربى فلما قال ذلك قال اركع يا محمد لربك فركع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال له وهو راكع قل (سبحان ربي العظيم) وبحمده ففعل ذلك ثلاثا ثم قال ارفع رأسك يا محمد ففعل ذلك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقام منتصبا بين يدى الله عزوجل فقال اسجد يا محمد لربك فخر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ساجدا فقال: قل سبحان ربى الاعلى وبحمده ففعل ذلك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ثلاثا فقال له استو جالسا يا محمد ففعل فلما استوى جالسا ذكر جلال ربه جل جلاله فخر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ساجدا من تلقاء نفسه لا لامر أمره ربه عزوجل فسبح أيضا ثلاثا فقال انتصب قائما ففعل فلم ير ما كان رأى من عظمة ربه جل جلاله فقال له اقرأ يا محمد وافعل كما فعلت في الركعة الاولى ففعل ذلك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ثم سجد سجدة واحدة فلما رفع رأسه ذكر جلالة ربه تبارك وتعالى الثانية فخر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ساجدا من تلقاء نفسه لا لامر أمره ربه عزوجل فسبح أيضا ثم قال له ارفع رأسك ثبتك الله واشهد أن لاإله إلا الله وان محمدا رسول الله وان الساعة آتية لا ريب فيها وان الله يبعث من في القبور، اللهم صلى على محمد وآل محمد وارحم محمدا وآل محمد كما صليت وباركت وترحمت ومننت على ابراهيم وآل ابراهيم إنك حميد مجيد اللهم تقبل شفاعته في أمته وارفع درجته فقال سلم يا محمد استقبل فاستقبل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ربه تبارك وتعالى وتقدس وجهه مطرقا فقال: السلام عليك فاجابه الجبار جل جلاله فقال وعليك السلام يا محمد بنعمتي قويتك على طاعتي وبعصمتي اياك اتخذتك نبيا وحبيبا، ثم قال أبو الحسن عليه السلام وانما كانت الصلاة التي أمر بها ركعتين وسجدتين وهو صلى الله عليه وآله انما سجد سجدتين في كل ركعة عما اخبرتك من تذكره لعظمة ربه تبارك وتعالى فجعله الله عزوجل فرضا قلت جعلت فداك وما صار الذي أمر أن يغسل منه فقال عين تنفجر من ركن من اركان العرش يقال له ماء الحياة وهو ما قال الله عزوجل (ص والقرآن ذي الذكر) انما أمره أن يتوضأ ويقرأ ويصلى.


1. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya, from uncle Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Sabah Al haza, from Is’haq Bin Amaar who said, ‘I asked Abu Al-Hassan Musa (a.s.) Ibn Ja’far (a.s.), ‘How did the Prayer come to be of one Cycle and two Prostration, and why was it that when it did become of two Prostrations, it did not happen to be of two Cycles?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘As you have asked about something, so free your heart in order to understand that the first Prayer which Rasool-Allah (saww) Prayed, he (saww) did so in the sky in front of Allah (azwj) Blessed and High facing His (azwj) Throne, Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty. And that (took place) when he (saww) was ascended with and came to be in the presence of His (azwj) Throne, the Blessed and High. So He (azwj) Manifested for him (saww), from His (azwj) until he (saww) saw Him (azwj) with his (saww) own eyes. He (azwj) Said: “O Muhammad (saww)! Approach Saad (a river), so wash your (saww) body parts of Prostration and purify these and Pray to your (saww) Lord (azwj)”. So, Rasool-Allah (saww) approached to where Allah (azwj) Blessed and High had Commanded him (saww) to, so he (saww) performed ablution and completed his (saww) ablution, then faced the Compeller, Blessed and High, standing. So He (azwj) Commanded him (saww) with the opening of the Prayer. So he (azwj) did it. So He (azwj) Said: “O Muhammad (saww)! Recite: [1:1] In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful [1:2] The praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds up to its end (Chapter 1). So he (saww) did that. Then He (azwj) Commanded him (saww) that he (saww) should recite the attribution of his (saww) Lord (azwj) Blessed and High [112:1] Say: He, Allah, is One. [112:2] Allah is He on Whom all depend, then Withheld the Speech from him (saww). So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘[112:1] Say: He, Allah, is One. [112:2] Allah is He on Whom all depend. So He (azwj) Said: “Say [112:3] He begets not, nor is He begotten. [112:4] And none is like Him”. So the Speech was Withheld from him (saww). So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘My (saww) Lord (azwj) is like that! My (saww) Lord (azwj) is like that! My (saww) Lord (azwj) is like that!’ So when he (saww) said that, He (azwj) Said: “Bow down, O Muhammad (saww), to your (saww) Lord (azwj)!” So Rasool-Allah (saww) bowed down. So He (azwj) Said to him (saww) whilst he (saww) was bowing: “Say: ‘I Glorify my (saww) Lord (azwj), the Magnificent, and with His (azwj) Praise”. So he (saww) did that three (times)’. Then He (azwj) Said: “Raise your (saww) head, O Muhammad (saww)!” So Rasool-Allah (saww) did that, so he (saww) stood upright in front of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So He (azwj) Said: “Prostrate, O Muhammad (saww), to your (saww) Lord (azwj)!” So Rasool-Allah (saww) fell Prostrate. So He (azwj) Said: “Say: ‘I (aww) Glorify my (saww) Lord (azwj), the Elevated, and with His (azwj) Praise’”. So, Rasool-Allah (saww) did that, three (times). So He (azwj) Said to him (saww): “Sit straight, O Muhammad (saww)!” So he (saww) did it. So when he (saww) sat straight, remembered the Majesty of his (saww) Lord (azwj), Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty, so Rasool-Allah (saww) fell down Prostrate, from his (saww) own self, not for the Command of his (saww) Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So he (saww) Glorified three (times) as well. So He (azwj) Said: “Stand upright!” So he (saww) did. So when he (saww) saw what was from the Magnificence of his (saww) Lord (azwj) Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty, He (azwj) Said to him (saww): “Read, O Muhammad (saww), and do just as what you (saww) did in the first Cycle”. So Rasool-Allah (saww) did that. Then he (saww) Prostrated one Prostration. So when he (saww) raised his (saww) head, remembered the Majesty of his (saww) Lord (azwj), Blessed and High for a second time, so Rasool-Allah (saww) fell Prostrate from his (saww) own self, not for the Command of his (saww) Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So he (saww) Glorified as well. Then He (azwj) Said to him (saww): “Raise your (saww) head! Allah (azwj) will Affirm you (saww), and testify that there is no god except for Allah (azwj), and that Muhammad (saww) is Rasool-Allah (saww), and that the Hour is coming, there is no doubt in it, and that Allah (azwj) would Resurrects the ones in the graves. O Allah (azwj)! Send Blessings upon Muhammad (saww) and the Progeny (a.s.) of Muhammad (saww), and be Merciful to Muhammad (saww) and the Progeny (a.s.) of Muhammad (saww) just as You (azwj) had Sent Blessings, and Blessed, and were Merciful, and Favoured upon Ibrahim (as) and the Progeny of Ibrahim (as). You (azwj) are a Praised One, Glorious. Accept his (saww) intercession with regards to his (saww) community and Elevate his (saww) status’”. So he (saww) did it. So He (azwj) Said: “Greet, O Muhammad (saww), facing (Me (azwj))”. So, Rasool-Allah (saww) faced his (saww) Lord (azwj), Blessed and High, and Sanctified His (azwj) Face, Bowing. So he (saww) said: ‘Peace be upon You (azwj)!’ So the Compeller, Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty, Answered him (saww), so He (azwj) Said: “And peace be upon you (saww), O Muhammad (saww)! With My (azwj) Favour I (azwj) shall Strengthen you (saww) upon My (azwj) obedience, and by Infallibility for you (saww), I (azwj) hereby Take you (saww) as a Prophet (saww), and as a Beloved”. Then, Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) said: ‘But rather, the Prayer which he (saww) had been Commanded with was of two Bowings and two Prostrations, and he (saww) Prostrated with two Prostration in every Cycle, (was due to) about what I (a.s.) informed you, from remembering Him (azwj) due to the Magnificence of his (saww) Lord (azwj) Blessed and High. Therefore, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Made it to be Obligatory’. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! And what became of the Command that he (saww) should wash (body parts of Prostration) from it?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘A river which gushed out from a part from the parts of the Throne, called ‘the water of life’, and it is what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Speaks of [38:1] Saad. I Swear by the Quran, full of Remembrance. But rather, He (azwj) Commanded him (saww) that he (saww) should perform ablution, and recite, and Pray’.




حدثنا علي بن أحمد قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله، عن موسى بن عمران عن الحسين بن يزيد عن علي بن أبي حمزة عن أبي بصير قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام لم صارت الصلاة ركعتين وأربع سجدات؟ قال لان ركعة من قيام بركعتين من جلوس.


2. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Musa Bin Imran, from Al Husayn Bin Yazeed, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer, said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Why did the Prayer come to be of two Cycles and four Prostrations?’ He (a.s.) said: Because one Cycle standing (equates) to two Cycles whilst seated’.




أخبرنا علي بن سهل قال: حدثنا ابراهيم بن علي قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد الانصاري عن الحسن بن علي العلوي قال: حدثنى أبو حكيم الزاهد قال: حدثنى أحمد بن علي الراهب قال: قال رجل لامير المؤمنين عليه السلام يابن عم خير خلق الله ما معني السجدة الاولى فقال تأويله اللهم انك منها خلقتني - يعنى من الارض - ورفع رأسك ومنها اخرجتنا والسجدة الثانية واليها تعيدنا ورفع رأسك من الثانية ومنها تخرجنا تارة أخرى قال الرجل ما معنى رفع رجلك اليمنى وطرحك اليسرى في التشهد؟ قال تأويله اللهم أمت الباطل وأقم الحق.


3. Ali Bin Sahl informed us, from Ibrahim Bin Ali, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Anasry, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Al Alawy, from Abu Hakeem Al Zahid, from Ahmad Bin Ali Al Rahib who said, ‘A man said to Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.), ‘O cousin (a.s.) of the best of creatures of Allah (azwj)! What is the meaning of the first Prostration?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Its explanation is, ‘O Allah (azwj)! You (azwj) Created me from it’ meaning from the earth and raise your head, ‘And from it You (azwj) Extracted us’. And the second Prostration ‘And to it You (azwj) Take us back’ and raise your head from the second (Prostration), ‘And from it you would be Extracting us another time’. The man said, ‘What is the meaning of putting your right foot upon your left leg during the ‘Tashahhud’ (testimonies)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Its explanation is, ‘O Allah (azwj)! Kill the falsehood, and establish the Truth’’.