287. The reason due to which the house and the servant cannot be sold with regards to (settling) the debt

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن أحمد بن محمد عن جعفر بن يحيى الخزاعي عن يحيى بن أبي العلاء عن اسحاق بن عمار قال: دخلت على أبي عبد الله (ع) فخبرته انه ولد لي غلام فقال: ألا سميته محمدا؟ قلت قد فعلت، قال فلا تضرب محمدا ولا تشتمه، جعله الله قرة عين لك في حياتك وخلف صدق بعدك، قال: قلت جعلت فداك وفي أي الاعمال اضعه قال إذا عزلته عن خمسة اشياء فضعه حيث شئت لا تسلمه إلى صيرفي فان الصيرفي لا يسلم من الربا ولا إلى بياع الاكفان فان صاحب الاكفان يسره الوبا ولا إلى صاحب طعام فانه لا يسلم من الاحتكار ولا إلى جزار فان الجزار تسلب منه الرحمة ولا تسلمه إلى نخاس فان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قال: شر الناس من باع الناس.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ja’far Bin Yahya Al Khazai’e, from Yahya Bin Abu Al A’ala, from Is’haq Bin Amaar who said, ‘I went over to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), so I informed him (a.s.) that a boy has been born unto me. So he (a.s.) said: ‘Have you not named him as ‘Muhammad’?’ I said, ‘I had done it’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So do not hit Muhammad nor insult him. Allah has Made him to be a delight for your eyes during your lifetime and as a true descendant after you’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! And in which profession shall I make him to be?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Isolate him from five things and place him wherever you so desire to. Do not hand him over to the money-changer (gold smith), so the money-changer is not safe from the interest; nor to the coffin (shroud) seller, for the coffin/shroud seller is pleased with the plague; nor to a food buyer, for he would not be safe from the hoarding; nor to a butcher, for the mercy is stripped of from him; nor to a slave trader, for Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The most evil of the people is one who sells the people’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن عيسى عن عبيد الله الدهقان عن درست بن أبي منصور الواسطي عن ابراهيم بن عبد الحميد عن أبي الحسن موسى عليه السلام قال: جاء رجل إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: يا رسول الله قد علمت ابني هذه الكتابة ففي أي شئ اسلمه؟ فقال اسمله، لله ابوك ولا تسلمه في خمس لا تسلمه سباء ولا صايغا ولا قصابا ولا حناطا ولا نخاسا، فقال: يا رسول الله ما السباء؟ قال الذي يبيع الاكفان ويتمنى موت امتي ولمولود من أمتى أحب إلي مما طلعت عليه الشمس وأما الصايغ فانه يعالج دين امتي، وأما القصاب فانه يذبح حتى تذهب الرحمة من قلبه، وأما الحناط فانه يحتكر الطعام على امتي ولان يلقى الله العبد سارقا احب إلي من أن يلقاه قد احتكر طعاما أربعين يوما. وأما النخاس فان أتاني جبرئيل فقال: يا محمد ان شرار امتك الذين يبيعون الناس.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ubeydullah Al Dahqan, from Darast Bin Abu Mansour Al Wasity, from Ibrahim Bin Abdul Hameed, (It has been narrated) from Abu Al-Hassan Musa (a.s.) having said: ‘A man came over to the Prophet (saww), so he said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! I have taught my son these (reading and) writings, so in which thing (profession) shall I submit him to?’ So he (saww) said: ‘May Allah be Good to your father, do not submit him in five Neither submit him to a ‘Saba’a’, nor a goldsmith, nor a butcher, nor a wheat dealer, nor a slave trader’. So he said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! What is ‘Al-Saba’a’?’ He (saww) said: ‘The one who sells the coffins/shrouds, and wishes death upon my (saww) community, and the births of my (saww) community are more beloved to me (saww) than what the sun emerges upon; and as for the goldsmith, so he handles the debts of my (saww) community; and as for the butcher, so he slaughters (animals) until the mercy goes away from his heart; and as for the wheat dealer, so he hoards the foodstuff over my (saww) community, and if the servant were to meet Allah as a thief, it would be more beloved to me (saww) than one who meets Him having hoarded foodstuff for forty days; and as for the slave trader, so Jibraeel (as) came over to me (a.s.) and said: ‘O Muhammad (saww)! The most evil of your (saww) community are the ones who are selling the people’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد عن محمد ابن يحيى الخزاز عن طلحة بن زيد عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: اني اعطيت خالتي غلاملا ونهيتها ان تجعله حجاما أو قصابا أو صايغا.


3. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Ibn Yahya Al Khazaz, from Talha Bin Zayd, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far Bin Muhammad (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘My (saww) maternal aunt had a boy and I (saww) forbid her that she should make him as a cupper, or a butcher, or a goldsmith’.