285. The reason due to which it is disliked to intermingle with the lowly people (riff raff)

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن أحمد ابن محمد عن أبيه عن ابن المغيرة عن السكوني عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه عليهم السلام، انه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله اياكم والدين فانه هم بالليل وذل بالنهار.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ahmad Ibn Muhammad, from his father, from Ibn Al Mugheira, from Al Sakuny, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far Bin Muhammad (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Beware of the debts, for it causes worry at night and humiliates by the day’.




حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه قال: حدثنا علي بن ابراهيم عن أبيه عن عبد الله بن ميمون عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه عن علي (ع) قال: اياكم والدين فانه مذلة بالنهار ومهمة بالليل وقضاء في الدنيا وقضاء في الآخرة.


2. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Abdullah Bin Maymoun, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far (asws) Bin Muhammad (asws), from his (asws) father (asws), from Ali (asws) having said : ‘Beware of the debts, for it causes humiliation during the day, and worries at night, and it has to be paid for in the world, and in the Hereafter’.




حدثنا أحمد بن محمد عن أبيه عن محمد بن أحمد عن يوسف بن الحارث عن عبد الله بن يزيد عن حياة بن شريح قال: حدثنى سالم بن غيلان عن دراج عن أبي الهيثم عن أبي سعيد الخدري قال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: أعوذ بالله من الكفر والدين قيل يا رسول الله اتعدل الدين بالكفر، قال: نعم.


3. Ahmad Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Yusuf Bin Al haris, from Abdullah Bin Yazeed, from Hayaat Bin Shareeh, from Saalim Bin Gaylaan, from Daraaj, from Abu Al Haysam, from Abu Saeed Al Khudry who said, ‘I heard Rasool-Allah (saww) saying: ‘I (saww) seek Refuge with Allah (azwj) from the Infidelity and the debts’. It was said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! You (saww) are equating the debt with the Infidelity?’ He (saww) said: ‘Yes’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن العباس ابن معروف عن الحسن بن محبوب عن حنان بن سدير عن أبيه أبي جعفر (ع) قال: كل ذنب يكفره القتل في سبيل الله إلا الدين لا كفارة له إلا اداؤه أو يقضى عن صاحبه أو يعفو الذي له الحق.


4. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Al Abbas Ibn Marouf, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from hanan Bin Sudeyr, from his father, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘The expiation of every sin is the killing in the Way of Allah (azwj) except for the debt. There is no expiation for it except to pay it, or it is fulfilled from his companion, or he forgives, the one for whom is the right to do so’.




حدثنا الحسين بن احمد عن أبيه عن محمد بن أحمد قال: حدثني أبو عبد الله الرازي عن الحسن بن علي بن أبي عثمان عن حفص بن غياث عن ليث قال: حدثني سعد بن عمر بن أبي سلمة عن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله قال: لا تزال نفس المؤمن معلقة ما كان عليه الدين.


5. Al Husayn Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Abu Abdullah Al Raazy, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Abu Usmaan, from Hafs Bin Gayaas, from Lays, from Sa’ad Bin Umar Bin Abu salma, from Abu Hureyra, (It has been narrated) from the Prophet (saww) having said: ‘The soul of the Believer does not cease to be pending so long as there is debt upon him’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن محمد بن أحمد عن يعقوب بن يزيد عن بعض اصحابنا رفعه عن أحدهم عليه السلام قال: يؤتي يوم القيامة بصاحب الدين يشكو الوحشة فان كانت له حسنات اخذت منه لصاحب الدين قال: وان لم يكن له حسنات القي عليه من سيئات صاحب الدين. ان على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله مات رجل وعليه ديناران فاخبر النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فأبي أن يصلى عليه، وانما فعل ذلك لكيلا يجترؤا على الدين. وقال: قد مات رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وعليه دين وقتل علي (ع) وعليه دين ومات الحسن (ع) وعليه دين، وقتل الحسين (ع) وعليه دين.


6. And by this chain, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from one of our companions, raising it, (It has been narrated) from one of them (asws) having said: ‘They would come on the Day of Judgement with the owner of the debt (lender) who would be complaining of the loneliness. So if there were any good deeds for him (the borrower) it would be seized from him for the owner of the debt (lender). And if there are not good deeds for him, the evils deeds of the owner of the debt (lender) would be attached to him (the borrower)’. In the era of Rasool-Allah (saww), a man died and there were two Dinaars (debt) upon him. So the Prophet (saww) was informed, so he (saww) refused to Pray over him. But rather, he (saww) did that, perhaps they (people) would ponder upon the debt (before incurring it)’. And he (asws) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) passed away, and upon him (saww) was debt; and Ali (asws) was killed, and upon him (asws) was debt; and Al-Hassan (asws) passed away, and upon him (asws) was debt; and Al-Husayn (asws) was killed, and upon him (asws) was debt’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن محمد بن أحمد عن ابن عيسى عن عثمان بن سعيد قال حدثنا عبد الكريم الهمداني عن أبي ثمامة قال: دخلت إلى أبي جعفر (ع) وقلت له جعلت فداك اني رجل اريد ان الازم مكة وعلي دين للمرجئة فما تقول؟ قال: قال أرجع إلى مؤدي دينك وأنظر ان تلقى الله تعالى وليس عليك دين فان المؤمن لا يخون.


7. And by this chain, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Ibn Isa, from Usman Bin Saeed, from Abdul Kareem Al Hamdany, from Abu Samama who said, ‘I went over to Abu Ja’far (asws) and I said to him (asws), ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws)! I am a man for whom it is necessary to go to Makkah (for Hajj), and upon me is a debt for a Murjiite man. So, what are you (asws) saying?’ He (asws) said: ‘Return your debt to the claimant and wait, when you meet Allah (azwj) the High, and there is no debt upon you, for the Believer renege (default on his debt)’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن محمد بن عيسى عن الهيثم عن ابن أبي عمير عن حماد بن عثمان عن الوليد بن صبيح قال: جاء رجل إلى أبي عبد الله عليه السلام يدعى على المعلى بن خنيس دينا عليه، قال: فقال ذهب بحقي، قال: فقال له ذهب بحقك الذي قتله، ثم قال للوليد: قم إلى الرجل فاقضه من حقه فانى أريد ان ابرد عليه جلده وإن كان باردا.


8. And by this chain, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Haysam, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hamaad Bin Usmaan, from Al Waleed Bin Sabeeh who said, ‘A man came over to Abu Abdullah (asws) claiming upon Al-Moala Bin Khunays of a debt which was upon him, so he said, ‘He went away with my debt’. So he (asws) said to him: ‘It was the one who killed him who went away with your debt’. Then he (asws) said to Al-Waleed: ‘Arise and go with the man, and fulfil his right, for I (asws) intend that there should be coolness upon his skin, even though it is cold’.




أبي رحمه الله قال حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري عن هارون بن مسلم عن سعدان قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن الليثي عن جعفر بن محمد عن آبائه عليهم السلام ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قال: ما الوجع إلا وجع العين وما الجهد إلا جهد الدين.


9. My father said, ‘Abdullah Bin Ja’far Al Humeyri narrated to us, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Sa’dan, from Abu Al Hassan Al Laysi, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far (asws) Bin Muhammad (asws), from his (asws) forefathers (asws), that Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘What is the pain except for the pain of the eyes, and what is the exertion except for the exertion (for the fulfilment of the) debt’.




وبهذا الاسناد قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله الدين راية الله تعالى في الارض، فإذا أراد أن يذل عبدا وضعه في عنقه.


10. And by this chain, said, ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The debt is a Sign of Allah (azwj) the High upon the earth. So, whenever He (azwj) decides to Humilate a servant, places it upon his neck’.