276. The reason due to which the intention of the Believer came to be better than his deed

Back to book

حدثنا علي بن أحمد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا عمير بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان أبا الحسن (ع) كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة تحليل مال الولد للوالد بغير اذنه وليس ذلك للولد لان الولد موهوب للوالد في قول الله تعالى (يهب لمن يشاء اناثا ويهب لمن يشاء الذكور) مع انه المأخوذ بمؤنته صغيرا وكبيرا والمنسوب إليه والمدعو له لقول الله عزوجل: (ادعوهم لآبائهم هو اقسط عند الله). وقول النبي صلى الله عليه وآله انت ومالك لابيك وليس الوالدة كذلك لا تأخذ من ماله إلا باذنه أو باذن الاب لان الاب مأخوذ بنفقة الولد ولا تؤخذ المرأة بنفقة ولدها.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Umeyr Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan (asws) wrote to him in answer to what he had written asking him: ‘The reason for the Permissibility of the wealth of the son for the father without his permission, and it is not like that for the son, is because the son is a gift for the father in the Words of Allah (azwj) the High [42:49] He Grants to whom He Desires daughters and Grants to whom He Desires, sons, along with that he was taking his expenses when he was small and bigger, and the linkage to him and the assertion to him due to the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [33:5] Assert their relationship to their fathers; this is more equitable with Allah; and the words of the Prophet (saww): ‘You and your wealth are for your father, and not the mother. Similar to that she cannot take from his wealth except by his permission, or the permission of the father, because the father was taking out the expenses for the son, and the wife was not taking out the expenses of her son’.