274. The reason due to which the one who abides in the Paradise would abide eternally, and the one who abides in the Fire would abide eternally

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن محمد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب عن محمد بن سنان عن علي بن فضال عن المفضل بن عمر عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال انما سمي المؤمن مؤمنا لانه يؤمن على الله فيجيز امانه.

1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Abu Al Khatab, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Ali Bin Fazal, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘But rather, the Believer has been named as a ‘Believer’ because having believed in Allah (azwj), he is in His (azwj) Safety’.

أبي رحمه الله قال حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر قال: حدثنا هارون بن مسلم عن مسعدة بن صدقة عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه عليهما السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: من اكرم أخاه المؤمن بكلمة يلطفه بها أو قضى له حاجة أو فرج عنه كربة لم تزل الرحمة ظلا عليه ممدودا ما كان في ذلك من النظر في حاجته، ثم قال: ألا انبئكم لم سمي المؤمن مؤمنا لايمانه الناس على انفسهم وأموالهم. ألا انبئكم من المسلم من سلم الناس يده ولسانه، ألا انبئكم بالمهاجر من هجر السيئات وما حرم الله عليه ومن دفع مؤمنا دفعة ليذله بها، أو لطمه لطمة أو أتى إليه امرا يكرهه لعنته الملائكة حتى يرضيه من حقه ويتوب ويستغفر فاياكم والعجلة، إلى احد فلعله مؤمن وأنتم لا تعلمون وعليكم بالاناة واللين، والتسرع من سلاح الشياطين. وما من شئ احب إلى الله من الاناة واللين.

2. My father said, ‘Abdullah Bin Ja’far narrated to us, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Mas’ada Bin Sadaqa, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The one who is benevolent to his believing brother to be kind with him, or fulfil a need of his, or relieve a worry from him, does not cease to be in the Extended Shade of the Mercy (of Allah (azwj)) for as long as he was in the consideration with regards to his need’. Then he (a.s.) said: ‘Shall I (a.s.) inform you why the Believer has been named as a ‘Believer’? (This is) because the people are safe from him for their own selves and their wealth. Shall I (a.s.) inform you who is the Muslim? The one who from whom the people are safe from his hands and his tongue. Shall I (a.s.) inform you about the Emigrant? The one who emigrates from the evil deeds and whatever Allah (azwj) has Forbidden unto him. And the one who repels a Believer with a repulsion in order to humiliate him, or slaps him with a slap, or comes to him with a matter which is abhorrent to him, the Angels curse him until he pleases him from his rights, and repents, and seeks Forgiveness. Therefore, beware of the hastiness to anyone, and you are not knowing. And it is upon you with the patience and the gentleness, whereas the impulsiveness is a weapon of the Satan (la). And there is nothing which is more Beloved to Allah (azwj) than patience and the gentleness’.