27. The reason due to which it is said during the Bowing, ‘I Glorify my Lord (azwj), the Magnificent, and with His (azwj) Praise’ (سبحان ربى العظيم وبحمده); and during the Prostrations, ‘I Glorify my Lord (azwj), the Exalted, and with His (azwj) Praise’ (سبحان ربى الاعلى وبحمده)

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وبهذا الاسناد، عن الحسين بن سعيد عن فضالة، عن حسين عن زيد الشحام، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال قلت له ما الافتتاح؟ فقال تكبيرة تجزيك قلت فالسبع قال ذلك الفضل.


1. And by this chain, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Fazalat, from Husayn, from Zayd Al Hisham, Abu Abdullah (a.s.), said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘What is the opening (of the Prayer)?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘One exclamation would suffice for you’. I said, ‘So (what about) the seven?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘That is the preferable’.




حدثنا علي بن حاتم قال أخبرنا القاسم بن محمد قال: حدثنا حمدان بن الحسين عن الحسين بن الوليد عن الحسين بن ابراهيم عن محمد بن زياد، عن هشام بن الحكم عن أبي الحسن موسى (ع) قال: قلت له لاي علة صار التكبير في الافتتاح سبع تكبيرات افضل ولاى علة يقال في الركوع سبحان ربي العظيم وبحمده ويقال في السجود سبحان ربى الاعلى وبحمده قال يا هشام ان الله تبارك وتعالى خلق السموات سبعا والارضين سبعا والحجب سبعا، فلما أسرى بالنبي صلى الله عليه وآله وكان من ربه كقاب قوسين أو أدنى رفع له حجاب من حجبه فكبر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وجعل يقول الكلمات التي تقان في الافتتاح فلما رفع له الثاني كبر فلم يزل كذلك حتى بلغ سبع حجب وكبر سبع تكبيرات فلذلك العلة يكبر في الافتتاح في الصلاة سبع تكبيرات فلما ذكر ما رأى من عظمة الله ارتعدت فرائضه فابترك على ركبتيه وأخذ يقول سبحان ربي العظيم وبحمده فلما اعتدل من ركوعه قائما نظر إليه في موضع أعلى من ذلك الموضع خر على وجهه وجعل يقول سبحان ربى الاعلى وبحمده فلما قال سبع مرات سكن ذلك الرعب فلذلك جرت به السنة.


2. Ali Bin Hatim narrated to us, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Hamdan Bin Al Husayn, from Al Husayn Bin Al Waleed, from Al Husayn Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Ziyad, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam, Abu Al-Hassan Musa (as), said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘For which reason did the exclamations (Takbeers) came to be in the opening (of the Prayer) as seven exclamations being preferable, and for which reason is it said during the Bowing ‘I Glorify my Lord (azwj), the Magnificent, and with His (azwj) Praise’ (سبحان ربى العظيم وبحمده); and during the Prostrations, ‘I Glorify my Lord (azwj), the Exalted, and with His (azwj) Praise’ (سبحان ربى الاعلى وبحمده)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘O Hisham! Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Created the seven skies and the seven Veils. So when the Ascension occurred with the Prophet (saww), and he (saww) was from his (saww) Lord (azwj) [53:9] So he was the measure of two bows or even closer, a Veil from his (saww) Veils was Lifted for him (saww). So Rasool-Allah (saww) exclaimed (the Greatness of Allah (azwj)) and went on saying the words which are in the opening (of the Prayer). So when the second (Veil) was Lifted for him (saww), he (saww) exclaimed (again). So it did not cease to be like that until it reached seven Veils, and he (saww) exclaimed seven exclamations (of the Greatness of Allah (azwj)). Thus, it is due to that reason, one exclaims in the opening of the Prayer, seven exclamations. So when he (saww) remembered what he (saww) saw from the Magnificence of Allah (azwj), his (saww) body parts trembled, so he (saww) bowed (to stabilise himself (saww) by placing his (saww) hands) upon his (saww) knees, and took to saying: ‘‘I Glorify my Lord (azwj), the Magnificent, and with His (azwj) Praise’ (سبحان ربى العظيم وبحمده). So when he (saww) straightened himself (saww) from his (saww) bowing, to stand, he (saww) looked to (his (azwj) own position to be in a) place higher than that place, he (saww) fell down upon his (saww) face, and went on saying ‘I Glorify my Lord (azwj), the Exalted, and with His (azwj) Praise’ (سبحان ربى الاعلى وبحمده)’. So when he (saww) said it seven time, that awe settled down. Thus, it is due to that, the Sunnah flowed by it’.




وعنه قال: حدثنا ابراهيم بن علي قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد الانصاري قال حدثنا الحسين بن علي العلوي، عن أبي حكيم الزاهد، عن احمد بن عبد الله قال: قال رجل لامير المؤمنين (ع) يابن عم خير خلق الله ما معنى رفع يديك في التكبيرة الاولى؟ فقال (ع) الله اكبر الواحد الاحد الذي ليس كمثله شئ لا يقاس بشئ ولا يلمس بالاخماس ولا يدرك بالحواس قال الرجل ما معنى مد عنقك في الركوع قال تأويله آمنت بوحدانيتك ولو ضربت عنقي.


3. And from him who said, ‘Ibrahim Bin Ali narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Ansary, from Al Husayn Bin Ali Al Alawy, from Abu Hakeem Al Zahid, from Ahmad Bin Abdullah who said, ‘A man said to Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.), ‘O cousin (a.s.) of the best of the creatures of Allah (azwj)! What is the meaning of raising your hand in the first exclamations (Takbeers)?’ So he (a.s.) said : ‘Allah (azwj) is the Greatest, the One, the Alone, the One Whom nothing resembles, nor can He (azwj) be analogised with anything, nor can He (azwj) be touched by the five senses, nor can the five sensory perceptions realise Him (azwj)’. The man said, ‘What is the meaning of extending your neck in the Bowing (during the Prayer)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Its explanation is ‘I believe in Your (azwj) Oneness, even if my neck were to be struck off’’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا احمد بن ادريس عن محمد بن احمد عن يوسف ابن الحارث عن عبد الله بن يزيد المقري عن موسى بن أيوب الغافقي عن عقبة ابن عامر الجهني انه قال لما نزلت فسبح باسم ربك العظيم قال لنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله اجعلوها في ركوعكم. ولما نزلت سبح إسم ربك الاعلى قال لنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: اجعلوها في سجودكم.


4. My father said, ‘Ahmad Bin Idrees narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Yusuf Ibn Al Haris, from Abdullah Bin Yazeed A lMaqry, from Musa Bin Ayoub Al Gafaty, from Uqba Ibn Aamir Al Jahny who said, ‘When [56:96] Therefore Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Magnificent was Revealed, Rasool-Allah (saww) said to us: ‘Make it to be in your Bowings (during the Prayer). And when [87:1] Glorify the name of your Lord, the Most High, Rasool-Allah (saww) said to us: ‘Make it to be in your Prostrations’.