260. Reason for the fortification of the slave girl with the free (man)

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حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه عن عمه عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله عن أبي الحسن البرقي عن عبد الله بن جبلة عن معاوية بن عمار عن الحسن بن عبد الله عن آبائه عن جده الحسن بن علي بن أبي طالب عليهم السلام قال: جاء نفر من اليهود إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فسأله اعلمهم عن مسائل فكان فيما سأله ان قال له: ما فضل الرجال على النساء؟ فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: كفضل السماء على الارض، وكفضل الماء على الارض، فالماء يحيى الارض، وبالرجال تحيى النساء لو لا الرجال ما خلقت النساء يقول الله عزوجل: (الرجال قوامون على النساء بما فضل الله بعضهم على بعض وبما انفقوا من أموالهم) قال اليهودي: لاي شئ كان هكذا؟ فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله خلق الله تعالى آدم من طين، ومن فضلته وبقيته خلقت حواء، وأول من أطاع النساء آدم، فانزله الله تعالى من الجنة، وقد بين فضل الرجال على النساء في الدنيا ألا ترى إلى النساء كيف يحضن ولا يمكنهن العبادة من القذارة، والرجال لا يصيبهم شئ من الطمث، قال اليهودي صدقت يا محمد.

1. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his uncle, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Abu Al Hassan Al Barqy, from Abdullah Bin Jabala, from Muawiya Bin Amaar, from Al Hassan Bin Abdullah, from his forefathers, (It has been narrated) from his grandfather Al-Hassan (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) having said: ‘A number of Jews came to Rasool-Allah (saww). So, a scholar of theirs asked questions. Among what he asked him (saww) was that he said to him (saww), ‘What is the preference of the man over the women?’ So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘Like the preference of the sky over the earth, and like the preference of the water over the earth, for the water revives the earth, and by the men, the women are revived. Had it not been for the man, the women would not have been Created. Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic is Saying [4:34] Men are the maintainers of women because Allah has Made some of them to excel others and because they spend out of their property’. The Jew said, ‘For which thing was it like this?’ So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘Allah (azwj) the High Created Adam (as) from clay, and from its remnants and its remainder, Created Hawwa (as), and the first one to obey a woman was Adam (as), so Allah (azwj) the High Caused him (as) to descend from the Paradise. And the preference of the man over the women is evident in the world. Have you not seen the women how they menstruate and the worship is not possible for them due to the filth? And the men, nothing from the menstruation hits them’. The Jew said, ‘You (saww) have spoken the truth, O Muhammad (saww)’.