254. Reason for the divorce waiting period; and the reason due to which the woman is not Permissible for her husband after nine divorces; and the reason due to which the divorce of the slaves came to be twice

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد البرقي عن محمد بن خالد عن محمد بن سليمان الديلمي عن أبي الهيثم قال: سألت أبا الحسن الثاني عليه السلام كيف صارت عدة المطلقة ثلاث حيض أو ثلاثة أشهر وعدة المتوفى عنها زوجها أربعة أشهر وعشرا، قال: أما عدة المطلقة ثلاث حيض أو ثلاثة أشهر فلاستبراء الرحم من الولد، وأما المتوفي عنها زوجها، فان الله تعالى شرط للنساء شرطا فلم يحلهن فيه وفيما شرط عليهن، بل شرط عليهن مثل ما شرط لهن، فأما ما شرط لهن فانه جعل لهن في الايلاء أربعة أشهر لانه علم ان ذلك غاية صبر النساء فقال عزوجل: (للذين يؤلون من نسائهم تربص أربعة أشهر) فلم يجز للرجل أكثر من أربعة أشهر في الايلاء لانه علم ان ذلك غاية صبر النساء عن الرجال، وأما ما شرط عليهن، فقال: (عدتهن أربعة أشهر وعشرا) يعني: إذا توفى عنها زوجها فاوجب عليها إذا أصيبت بزوجها وتوفي عنها مثل ما أوجب عليها في حياته إذا آلى منها، وعلم ان غاية صبر المرأة أربعة أشهر في ترك الجماع فمن ثم اوجب عليها ولها.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Barqy, from Muhammad Bin Khalid, from Muhammad Bin Suleyman Al Daylami, from Abu Al Haysam who said, ‘I asked Abu Al-Hassan (asws) the second, how the waiting period of the divorced woman came to be of three menstruation, or three months, and the waiting period of the one widowed from her husband (came to be of) four months and ten days. He (asws) said: ‘As for the waiting period of the divorced woman being of three menstruations or three months, so it is for the purging of the womb from the child. And as for the one widowed from her husband, so Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Placed a condition upon the women, and there is no relaxation with regards to it and in what Condition has been Placed upon them. But, the condition against them is similar to what condition has been Placed for them. So as for the condition for them, so it has been Made for them regarding the swear (see Verse 2:226 below) is four months, because He (azwj) Knows that is the limit of the patience of the woman (from staying away from the man). So the Mighty and Majestic Said [2:226] Those who swear that they will not go in to their wives should wait four months. Thus, it is not Permissible for the man, more than four months regarding the swear, because He (azwj) Knows that is the limit of the patience of the woman from (staying away) from the man. And as for the condition against them, so He (azwj) Said [2:234] And (as for) those of you who die and leave wives behind, they should keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days Meaning, when her husband dies from her, so it is Obligatory upon her when she is hit by the death of her husband similar to what was Obligatory upon her during his lifetime when he swore from her, and He (azwj) Knows the limit of the woman is of four months with regards to the neglecting of the copulation. So, from then, it is Obligated against her, and for her’.




أخبرني علي بن حاتم قال: اخبرنا القاسم بن محمد عن حمدان بن الحسين عن الحسين بن الوليد عن محمد بن بكير عن عبد الله بن سنان قال: قلت لابي عبد الله (ع) لاي علة صار عدة المطلقة ثلاثة أشهر وعدة المتوفي عنها زوجها أربعة أشهر وعشرا، قال: لان حرقة المطلقة تسكن في ثلاثة أشهر، وحرقة المتوفى عنها زوجها لا تسكن إلا أربعة أشهر وعشرا.


2. Ali Bin Hatim informed me, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Hamdan Bin Al Husayn, from Al Husayn Bin Al Waleed, from Muhammad Bin Bakeyr, from Abdullah Bin Sinan who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘For which reason did the waiting period of the divorced woman came to be of three months, and the waiting period of the one widowed from her husband (came to be of) four months and ten days?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because the sorrow of the divorced woman settles down in three months, and the sorrow of the widowed woman does not settle for four months and ten (days)’.