243. The reason due to which when the man says to his wife, you did not come to me as a virgin, there would not be a Limit (Punishment) upon him

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حدثنا علي بن أحمد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد ابن سنان ان أبا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا (ع) كتب إليه في ما كتب من جواب مسائله قال: علة المهر ووجوبه على الرجال ولا يجب على النساء أن يعطين أزواحهن، قال: لان على الرجال مؤنة المرأة، لان المرأة بايعة نفسها، والرجل مشترى، ولا يكون البيع بلا ثمن ولا شراء بغير اعطاء الثمن مع النساء محظورات عن التعامل والمتجر مع علل كثيرة.

1. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabi’e Al Sahaaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Ibn Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Bin Musa Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer to what he had written asking him for the reason for the dowry and it being Obligatory upon the men and not being Obligatory upon the women to give it to their husbands. He (a.s.) said: ‘Because the expenses of the women are upon the men, because the woman sells herself, and the man is a buyer. The selling cannot happen without a price, nor buying with giving of the price, along with the prohibition of the dealings (business) and the jobs for the women, and along with many reasons’.