219. Reason for the Prohibition of what is slaughtered for other than Allah (azwj)

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حدثنا علي بن أحمد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي بشر عن علي بن العباس عن عمر بن عبد العزيز عن هشام بن الحكم قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن علة تحريم الربا، قال: انه لو كان الربا حلالا لترك الناس التجارات وما يحتاجون إليه فحرم الله الربا لنفر الناس عن الحرام إلى التجارات وإلى البيع والشراء فيفضل ذلك بينهم في القرض.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Abu Bishr, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the reason for the Prohibition of the interest. He (a.s.) said: ‘Had the interest been Permissible, the people would have neglected the business for it and would have been needy for it. So Allah (azwj) Prohibited the interest in order to alienated the people away from the Prohibition to the business, and to the selling and the buying. So He (azwj) Preferred that between them with regards to the lending.




أخبرني علي بن حاتم قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله محمد بن احمد بن ثابت قال: حدثنا عبيد عن ابن أبي عمير عن هشام بن سالم عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: انما حرم الله عزوجل الربا لئلا تمتنعوا عن اصطناع المعروف.


2. Ali Bin Hatim informed me, from Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Sabit, from Ubeyd, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Salim, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘But rather, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Forbidden the interest lest it prevents them from enjoining of the goodness (between people)’.




وعنه قال: حدثنا أبو القاسم حميد قال حدثني عبد الله بن أحمد النهيكي عن علي بن الحسن الطاطري عن درست بن أبي منصور عن محمد بن عطية عن زرارة قال: قال أبو جعفر (ع): انما حرم الله الربا لئلا يذهب المعروف.


3. And from him, who said, ‘Abu Al Qasim Hameed narrated to us, from Abdullah Bin Ahmad Al Nahyki, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Al Tatary, from Darast Bin Abu Mansour, from Muhammad Bin Atiya, from Zarara who said, ‘Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘but rather, Allah (azwj) Prohibited the interest, lest the (enjoining of the) goodness goes away’.




حدثنا علي بن أحمد قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان أن ابا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا (ع) كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة تحريم الربا انما نهي الله عزوجل عنه لما فيه من فساد الاموال لان الانسان إذا اشترى الدرهم بالدرهمين كان ثمن الدرهم درهما وثمن الآخر باطلا، فبيع الربا وشرائه وكس على كل حال، على المشتري وعلى البائع، فحظر الله تبارك وتعالى على العباد الربا لعلة فساد الاموال كما حظر على السفيه أن يدفع إليه ماله لما يتخوف عليه من إفساده حتى يؤنس منه رشدا، فلهذه العلة حرم الله الربا وبيع الدرهم بدرهمين يدا بيد، وعلة تحريم الربا بعد البينة لما فيه من الاستخفاف بالحرام المحرم، وهي كبيرة بعد البيان وتحريم الله تعالى لها ولم يكن ذلك منه إلا استخفافا بالمحرم للحرام والاستخفاف بذلك دخول في الكفر، وعلة تحريم الربا بالنسيئة لعلة ذهاب المعروف وتلف الاموال ورغبة الناس في الربح وتركهم القرض وصنايع المعروف ولما في ذلك من الفساد والظلم وفناء الاموال.


4. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Al Rabie Al Sahaaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Bin Musa Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him with regards to what he had written, in answer to his question of the reason for the Prohibition of the interest: ‘But rather, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Forbidden from it due to what there is in it from the corruption of the wealth, because the human being, when he buys with one Dirham, the two Dirhams, the value of the Dirham was one Dirham, and the value of the other one is invalid. So the selling of the interest and its buying is a loss maker in every situation, upon the buyer and upon the seller. Thus, Allah (azwj) Blessed and High has Banned the interest upon the servants for the reason of the corruption of the wealth, just as He (azwj) Banned upon the fool that his wealth be handed over to him when it is feared upon him from the spoiling of it until rationale is sensed from him. Therefore, it is for this reason Allah (azwj) has Forbidden the interest, and selling the Dirham by two Dirhams, hand to hand. And the reason for the Prohibition of the interest after the clarification (that is it indeed interest) is for what is therein from the belittling with the Prohibition of the Prohibitor, and it is a major sin after the clarification. And Allah (azwj) the High has Prohibited it, and nothing of that happens from it except for the belittling with the Prohibitor of the Prohibition, and the belittling of that enters one into the infidelity. And reason for the prohibition of the interest for delaying the payment, is for the reason of the going away of the (enjoining of the) goodness, and deterioration of the wealth, and the people’s desire for the profit, and their neglecting the lending and making good, and for what is therein from the spoilage, and the injustice, and annihilation of the wealth’.