215. The reason due to which the adultery is Prohibited

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حدثنا علي بن أحمد قال حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان ان أبا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا (ع) كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله حرم اكل مال اليتيم ظلما لعلل كثيرة من وجود الفساد اول ذلك إذا أكل مال اليتيم ظلما فقد أعان على قتله إذ اليتيم غير مستغن ولا محتمل لنفسه ولا قائم بشأنه ولا له من يقوم عليه ويكفيه كقيام والدين فإذا أكل ماله فكأنه قد قتله وصيره إلى الفقر والفاقة مع ما خوف الله عزوجل من العقوبة في قوله: (ليخش الذين لو تركوا من خلفهم ذرية ضعافا فليتقوا الله) ولقول أبي جعفر عليه السلام ان الله عزوجل وعد في أكل مال اليتيم عقوبتين، عقوبة في الدنيا وعقوبة في الآخرة ففي تحريم مال اليتيم استبقاء اليتيم واستقلاله بنفسه والسلامة للعقب أن يصيبه ما أصابهم لما وعد الله فيه من العقوبة مع ما في ذلك من طلب اليتيم بثأره إذا أدرك ووقوع الشحناء والعداوة والبغضاء حتى يتفانوا.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad in Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Al Rabie Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Bin Musa Al Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer to his question: ‘The consumption of the wealth of the orphan unjustly is Prohibited for the reason of existence of a lot of mischief, the fist of that being, that when someone eats the wealth of the orphan unjustly, so he has aided upon his killing, if the orphan is neither needless of it, nor can he carry his own burden himself, nor can he establish his own affairs, nor does he have anyone who stands up for him, and suffices for him for the establishment (of his affairs) like the parents do. So when he eats his wealth (unjustly), so it is as if he has killed him, and made him to travel to the poverty and the hunger. Furthermore, he has no fear of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic from the Punishment, with regards to His (azwj) Words [4:9] And let those fear who, should they leave behind them weakly offspring, would fear on their account, so let them fear Allah, and the words of Abu Ja’far (a.s.) that Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Promised two Punishments for everyone who eats the wealth of the orphans (unjustly) a Punishment in the world, and a Punishment in the Hereafter. Therefore, in the Prohibition of the wealth of the orphans is the remaining for the orphan, and the independence for himself, and the safety in the future if the difficulties were to hit him what (these normally tend to) hit them. When Allah (azwj) Promised in it from the Punishment, along with what is in that from the orphan seeking the revenge when he realises, and the occurrence of the grudge and the enmity, and the hatred, until they (wish to) annihilate each other’.