212. The reason for the prevention from drinking the wine in the state of desperation

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حدثنا علي بن أحمد قال حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان: ان الرضا (ع) كتب إليه: حرم الله عقوق الوالدين لما فيه من الخروج من التوفيق لطاعة الله تعالى والتوقير للوالدين وتجنب كفر النعمة وابطال الشكر، وما يدعو من ذلك إلى قلة النسل وانقطاعه لما في العقوق من قلة توقير الوالدين والعرفان بحقهما، وقطع الارحام، والزهد من الوالدين في الولد، وترك التربية، لعلة ترك الولد برهما.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Al-Reza (asws) wrote to him: ‘Allah (azwj) has Forbidden the disobedience to the two parents for what is in it from the exit from the inclination for the obedience to Allah (azwj) the High and the reverence for the two parents, and the indulgence in the ungratefulness of the Bounties, and the invalidation of the thankfulness, and what it leads to from that to the scarcity of the offspring and it being cut-off, due to what is in the disobedience, from the scarcity of the reverence for the two parents and recognition of both their rights, and cutting-off of relationship, and the abstaining from the two parents regarding the child, and the neglect of the upbringing, due to the neglect of the child for being righteous to them both’.




حدثنا محمد بن موسى عن علي بن الحسن السعد آبادي عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله عن عبد العظيم بن عبد الله الحسنى عن محمد بن علي عن أبيه عن جده قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: عقوق الوالدين من الكبائر لان الله تعالى جعل العاق عصيا شقيا.


2. Muhammad Bin Musa narrated to us, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Al Sa’ad Abady, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Abdul Azeem Bin Abdullah Al Hasany, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from his father, from his grandfather who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘The disobedience to the two parents is from the major sins, because Allah (azwj) the High Made the ingrate to be a sinner, a wretch’.