21. The reason due to which the Optional (Prayers) were Placed

Back to book

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رض) قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن علي بن الحكم عن عثمان ابن عبد الملك عن أبي بكر قال: قال لي أبو جعفر (ع) أتدرى لاي شئ وضع التطوع؟ قلت ما أدري جعلت فداك، قال: إنه تطوع لكم ونافلة للانبياء. أو تدرى لم وضع التطوع؟ قلت لا أدري جعلت فداك قال: لانه ان كان في الفريضة نقصان قضيت النافلة على الفريضة حتى تتم، إن الله تعالى يقول لنبيه صلى الله عليه وآله: (ومن الليل فتهجد به نافلة لك).


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ail Bin Al Hakam, from Usman Ibn Abdul Malik, from Abu Bakr who said, ‘Abu Ja’far (asws) said to me: ‘Do you know for which reason the Voluntary (Prayers) have been Placed?’ I said, ‘I don’t know, may I be sacrificed for you (asws)’. He (asws) said: ‘It is voluntary for you all and an optional (Nafila) for the Prophets (as). Or, do you know why the Voluntary (Prayer) was placed?’ I said, ‘I don’t know, may I be sacrificed for you (asws)’. He (asws) said: ‘Because, if there was any deficiency in the Obligatory (Prayer), the Optional (Prayer) would fulfil it until it becomes complete. Allah (azwj) the High is Saying to His (azwj) Prophet (saww) [17:79] And from the night, keep vigil by the optional Prayer of yours’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أيوب بن نوح عن ابن أبي عمير عن هشام بن سالم عن محمد بن مسلم قال: أبو عبد الله (ع) ان العبد ليرفع له من صلاته نصفها أو ثلثها أو ربعها أو خمسها وما يرفع له إلا ما أقبل عليه منها بقلبه وانما أمروا بالنوافل لتتم لهم بها ما نقصوا من الفريضة.


2. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ayoub Bin Nuh, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Salim, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘For the servant, either half of his Prayer is Raised up, or a third of it, or a quarter of it, or a fifth of it. And it is not Raised for him except what is acceptable to him, from it, by his own heart. But rather the Optional (Prayer) is Commanded for in order to complete what is deficient from the Obligatory (Prayer)’.




أخبرني علي بن حاتم قال: أخبرني القاسم بن محمد قال حدثنا حمدان ابن الحسين عن الحسين بن الوليد عن عبد الله بن حماد عن عبد الله بن سنان عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: قلت لاي علة أوجب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله صلاة الزوال ثمان قبل الظهر وثمان قبل العصر، ولاي علة رغب في وضوء المغرب كل الرغبة ولاي علة أوجب الاربع ركعات من بعد المغرب ولاي علة كان يصلى صلاة الليل في آخر الليل ولا يصلى في أول الليل؟ قال: لتأكيد الفرايض لان الناس لو لم تكن صلاتهم إلا أربع ركعات الظهر لكانوا مستخفين بها حتى كاد يفوتهم الوقت فلما كان شيئا غير الفريضة اسرعوا إلى ذلك لكثرته، وكذلك التي من قبل العصر ليسرعوا إلى ذذلك لكثرته وذلك لانهم يقولون ان سوفنا ونريد أن نصلى الزوال يفوتنا الوقت وكذلك الوضوء في المغرب يقولون حتى نتوضأ يفوتنا الوقت فيسرعوا إلى القيام، وكذلك الاربع ركعات التي من بعد المغرب وكذلك صلاة الليل في آخر الليل ليسرعوا القيام إلى صلاة الفجر فلتلك العلة وجب هذا هكذا.


3. Ali Bin Hatim informed me, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Hamdan Ibn Al Husayn, from Al Husayn Bin Al Waleed, from Abdullah Bin Hamad, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘I said, ‘For which reason did Rasool-Allah (saww) Obligate upon himself (saww) the Praying of eight Cycles before Al-Zohr, and eight Cycles before Al-Asr; and for which did he (saww) aspire with regards to the ablution of Al-Magrib with all the aspiration; and for which reason did he (saww) Obligate upon himself (saww) four Cycles after Al-Maghrib; and for which reason did he (saww) used to Pray the Night Prayer during the end part of the night and not Pray during its earlier part?’ He (asws) said: ‘In order to assert the Obligatory (Prayers), because the people, if their Prayers were not to be expected for the four Cycles of Al-Zohr, they would have taken it lightly to the extent that they would have almost expired the timing of it. So when there was something which was without the Obligation, they would hasten to that due to its abundance. And similar to that is which was before the Al-Asr, they would hasten to that due to its abundance, and that is because they would be saying that, ‘Because we procrastinated that we should Pray before the noon, our time would expire’. And, similar to that, is the ablution during Al-Maghrib. They would be saying, ‘We should perform ablution (quickly) in case our timing expires’. Thus, they would hasten to the standing (for the Prayer). And similar to that are the four Cycles which are from after Al-Maghrib; and similar to that is the Night Prayer at the end part of the night, so that they would hasten to the standing for the Dawn Prayer. Thus, this is the reason for the Obligating of this, like this’.




حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رضي الله عنه قال: حدثني محمد بن يحيى العطار عن يعقوب بن يزيد عن حماد، عن حريز عن زرارة عن أبي جعفر (ع) قال إنما جعلت النافلة ليتم بها ما يفسد من الفريضة.


4. Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkal narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Hamaad, from Hareyz, from Zarara, Abu Ja’far (asws) has said: ‘But rather, the Optional (Prayer) has been Made to complete by what is spoilt (failed) from the Obligatory (Prayer)’.