206. The reason due to which the visitation of the Prophet (saww) and the Imams (asws) is Obligatory after the Hajj

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن علي بن حسان الواسطي عن عمه عبد الرحمن بن كثير عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ان الكبائر سبع، فينا انزلت ومنا استحلت فاولها الشريك بالله العظيم وقتل النفس التي حرم الله قتلها وأكل مال اليتيم وعقوق الوالدين وقذف المحصنة والفرار من الزحف وانكار حقنا، واما الشرك بالله فقد انزل الله فينا ما انزل، وقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فينا ما قال، فكذبوا الله ورسوله، وأشركوا بالله، وأما قتل النفس التي حرم الله قتلها فقد قتلوا الحسين بن علي صلوات الله عليه وأصحابه، وأما أكل مال اليتيم فقد ذهبوا بقيئنا الذي جعله الله لنا وأعطوه غيرنا، وأما عقوق الوالدين فقد انزل الله ذلك في كتابه، فقال: (النبي أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم وأزواجه امهاتهم)، فعقوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في ذريته وعقوا أمهم خديجة في ذريتها، وأما قذف المحصنة فقد قذفوا فاطمة عليها السلام على منابرهم، وأما الفرار من الزحف فقد أعطوا أمير المؤمنين بيعتهم طائعين غير مكرهين، ففروا عنه وخذلوه، وأما انكار حقنا فهذا ما لا ينازعون فيه.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ali Bin Hasaan Al Wasity, from his uncle Abdul Rahman Bin Kaseer, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘The major sins are seven; to be committed against us (a.s.), and are legislated as: So the first one of these is the association with Allah , and killing of the soul which Allah has Forbidden to kill it, and consuming the wealth of the orphan, and disobedience to the two parents, and slandering the chaste woman, and the fleeing from the army, and the denial of our (a.s.) rights. And as for the association with Allah , so Allah has Revealed regarding us (a.s.) what He Revealed, and Rasool-Allah (saww) said regarding us (a.s.) what he (saww) said. So they belie Allah and His Rasool (saww), and they are associating with Allah . And as for the killing of the soul which Allah has Forbidden to kill it, so they killed Al-Husayn (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) and his (a.s.) companions. And as for consuming the wealth of the orphans, so they made our (a.s.) portion which Allah had Made it to be for us (a.s.) (Khums), and gave it to others. And as for the disobedience to the two parents, so Allah has Revealed it in His Book, so He Said [33:6] The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers. So they disobeyed Rasool-Allah (saww) in his (saww) descendants (a.s.), and disobeyed their mother Khadeeja (as) regarding her (as) offspring (a.s.). And as for the slandering the chaste woman, so they slandered (Syeda) Fatima (a.s.) upon their pulpits. And as for the fleeing from the army, so they gave their allegiances to Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) willingly without abhorrence. So they fled from him (a.s.) and abandoned him (a.s.). And as for the denial of our (a.s.) rights, so this, there is no disputing with regards to it.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد ابن الحسن الصفار عن أيوب بن نوح وابراهيم بن هاشم عن محمد بن أبي عمير عن بعض أصحابه عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: وجدنا في كتاب علي عليه السلام الكبائر خمسة الشرك وعقوق الوالدين واكل الربا بعد البينة والفرار من الزحف والنعرب بعد الهجرة.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Ibn Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ayoub Bin Nuh and Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from one of his companions, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘We (a.s.) found in the Book of Ali (a.s.), the major sins are five the Polytheism, and disobedience to the two parents, and consumption of the interest after the proof, and the fleeing from the army, and ‘Al No’rab’ (assumption of the characteristics of the Pre-Islamic period Arabs)’.




أبي رحمه الله قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد عن الحسن ابن محبوب عن عبد العزيز العبدي عن عبيد بن زرارة قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام اخبرني عن الكبائر، فقال: هن خمس وهن ما أوجب الله عليهن النار، قال الله تعالى (ان الذين يأكلون أموال اليتامي ظلما انما يأكلون في بطونهم نارا وسيصلون سعيرا) وقال: (يا ايها الذين آمنوا إذا لقيتم الذين كفروا زحفا فلا تولوهم الادبار) إلى آخر الآية وقوله عزوجل (يا ايها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وذروا ما بقي من الربوا) إلى آخر الآية ورمى المحصنات الغافلات المؤمنات وقتل مؤمن متعمدا على دينه


3. My father said, ‘Sa’d Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hassan Ibn Mahboub, from Abdul Aziz Al Abady, from Ubeyd Bin Zarara who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Inform me about the major sins’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘These are five, and these are what Allah has Obligated the Fire for. Allah the High Says [4:10] (As for) those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, but rather they only swallow fire into their bellies and they shall arriving at the Blazing Fire; and Said [8:15] O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then turn not your backs to them up to the end of the Verse; and the Words of the Mighty and Majestic [2:278] O you who believe! Fear Allah and relinquish what remains (due) from the usury up to the end of the verse; and throwing (slandering) the chaste women, the oblivious ones, the believing ones; and killing a Believer deliberately (for him being) upon his Religion’.