2. The reason due to which Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Obligated the Prayer

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حدثنا علي بن احمد بن محمد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله الكوفي عن محمد بن اسماعيل البرقى قال: حدثنا علي بن العباس، عن عمر بن عبد العزيز قال حدثنا هشام بن الحكم قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن علة الصلاة فان فيها مشغلة للناس عن حوائجهم ومتعبة لهم في ابدانهم، قال فيها علل وذلك ان الناس لو تركوا بغير تنبيه ولا تذكر للنبي صلى الله عليه وآله باكثر من الخبر الاول وبقاء الكتاب في أيديهم فقط لكانوا على ما كان عليه الاولون فانهم قد كانوا اتخذوا دينا ووضعوا كتبا ودعوا اناسا إلى ما هم عليه وقتلوهم على ذلك فدرس امرهم وذهب حين ذهبوا واراد الله تبارك وتعالى أن لا ينسيهم امر محمد صلى الله عليه وآله ففرض عليهم الصلاة يذكرونه في كل يوم خمس مرات ينادون باسمه وتعبدوا بالصلاة وذكر الله لكيلا يغفلوا عنه وينسوه فيندرس ذكره.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Barqy, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws) about the reason for the Salat (Prayer), for in it is an occupation for the people about their needs, and tiredness with regard to their bodies’. He (asws) said: ‘Regarding it is a reason, and that is that the people, had they been left, with neither a stimulation nor mentioning of the Prophet (saww), like most of the former ones, only the Book (Quran) would have been left in their hands, and they would have been what the former ones have been on. So they used to take to a Religion and wasted the Books, and invited the people to what they were upon, and killed them upon that. Thus, their affairs became extinct and it went away when they went away (died), and Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Intended that they (people) should not forget the matter of Muhammad (saww), therefore Allah (azwj) Obligated the Prayer upon them, mentioning him (saww) five times a day, calling him (saww) by his (saww) name, and worshiping (Allah (azwj)) with the Salat (Prayer), and remembering Allah (azwj), otherwise they would be oblivious (unmindful) from Him (azwj), and forget Him (azwj), so that His (azwj) mentioning is not to become extinct (as well)’.




حدثنا علي بن احمد بن محمد قال: حدثنا محمد بن يعقوب قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال حدثنا القاسم بن ربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان: ان ابا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا عليه السلام كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله ان علة الصلاة انها إقرار بالربوبة لله عزوجل وخلع الانداد، وقيام بين يدي الجبار جل جلاله بالذل والمسكنة، والخضوع والاعتراف والطلب للاقالة من سالف الذنوب، ووضع الوجه على الارض كل يوم خمس مرات اعظاما لله عزوجل وأن يكون ذاكرا غير ناس ولا بطر ويكون خاشعا متذللا راغبا طالبا للزيادة في الدين والدنيا مع ما فيه من الانزجار والمداومة على ذكر الله عزوجل بالليل والنهار لئلا ينسى العبد سيده ومدبره وخالفه فيبطر ويطغى ويكون في ذكره لربه وقيامه بين يديه زاجرا له عن المعاصي ومانعا من انواع الفساد.


2. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Rabi’e Al Sahaf, from Muhammad Bin Sinan who said, ‘Abu Al-Hassan Ali (asws) Bin Musa Al-Reza (asws) wrote to him in answer to what he had written to him (asws) of his question, that: ‘The reason for the Prayer is that it is an acknowledgment of the Lordship of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic and staying away from the false gods, and of standing in front of the Compeller, Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty, with humbleness and the needfulness, and the submissiveness, and the recognition, and the seeking for the dismissal of the past sins, and placing of the face upon the ground five times a day, in reverence to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. And he would become a mentioner (of Allah (azwj)), not a forgetter, nor arrogant, and he would become fearful, humble, hopeful, seeking for the increase in the Religion and the world along with that he is in from the audacities (braveries), and be pre-occupied upon the mentioning of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic by the night and the day, otherwise the servant would forget his Master (azwj), and his Organiser, and may end up opposing him, thus he would be arrogant, and he would rebel, and would become audacious in his mentioning his Lord (azwj), and his standing in front of Him (azwj), audacious to Him (azwj) about the disobedience, and (the Prayer) would prevent him from various types of the mischief’.