18. The reason due to which one should not recite (Surahs) behind the imam (Prayer leader)

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، واحمد بن ادريس جميعا قالا: حدثنا محمد بن عبد الجبار عن صفوان بن يحيى عن عبد الرحمان بن الحجاج قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (ع) عن الصلاة خلف الامام أيقرأ خلقه؟ قال: أما الصلاة التي لا يجهر فيها بالقراءة فان ذلك جعل إليه ولا يقرأ خلفه وأما الصلاة التي يجهر فيها بالقراءة، فانما أمر بالجهر لينصت من خلفه، فان سمعت فانصت وان لم تسمع القراءة فاقرأ.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah and Ahmad Bin Idrees together narrated to us, from Muhammad BIin Abdul Jabbar, from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Abdul Rahman Bin Al Hajjaj who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws) about the Prayer behind the imam (Prayer leader), shall one recite behind him?’ He (asws) said: ‘As for the Prayer is which there is no loud recitation, so that is Made for him and he should not recite behind him; and as for the Prayer in which there is loud recitation, so rather it has been Commanded for the loudness in order for the ones behind him to hear it. So if you were to hear it, so listen, and if you cannot hear the recitation, so recite it (yourself)’.