176. The reason due to which the Hajj was named as The Greatest (الاكبر)

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حدثنا الحسين بن علي بن أحمد الصايغ رحمه الله قال حدثنا الحسين بن الحجال عن سعد بن عبد الله قال حدثني محمد بن الحسن الهمداني قال سألت ذاالنون المصري قلت يا أبا الفيض لم صير الموقف بالمشعر ولم يصير بالحرم؟ قال: حدثني من سأل الصادق عليه السلام ذلك فقال: لان الكعبة بيت الله والحرم حجابه والمشعر بابه فلما أن قصده الزائرون وقفهم بالباب حتى أذن لهم بالدخول، ثم وقفهم بالحجاب الثاني وهو مزدلفة فلما نظر إلى طول تضرعهم أمرهم بتقريب قربانهم فلما قربوا قربانهم وقضوا تفثهم وتطهروا من الذنوب التي كانت لهم حجابا دونه أمرهم بالزيارة على طهارة قال فقلت فلم كره الصيام في أيام التشريق فقال لان القوم زوار الله وهم (أضيافه) وفي ضيافته ولا ينبغي للضيف أن يصوم عند من زاره وأضافه قلت فالرجل يتعلق بأستار الكعبة ما يعني بذلك قال مثل ذلك مثل الرجل يكون بينه وبين الرجل جناية فيتعلق بثوبه يستخذي له رجاء أن يهب له جرمه.

1. Al Husayn Bin Ali Bin Ahmad Al Sa’ig narrated to us, from Al Husayn Bin Al Hajaal, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan Al-Hamdany who said, ‘I asked Zalnoon the Egyptian. I said, ‘O Abu Al-Fayz! Why does one come to the Pausing Station by the Mash’ar and does not come by the Sanctuary?’ He said, ‘The one who asked that to Al-Sadiq (a.s.) narrated to me, so he (a.s.) said, ‘Because the Kabah is the House of Allah (azwj) and the Sanctuary is its Guard, and the Mash’ar is its Gate. So when the visitors intend for it, they are paused at the Gate until permission is granted to them for the entering. Then they are paused at the second guard, and it is Muzdalifa. So when He (azwj) Looks at their prolonged supplications, Commands them with the offering of their sacrifices, and purify themselves and be clean from the sins, which were a veil for them from Him (azwj), Commands them with the visitation upon the cleanliness’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘So why is the Fasting disliked during the days of Al-Tashreeq?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Because the people are visitors of Allah (azwj), and they as His (azwj) guests, and in them being His (azwj) Guests it is not befitting for the guests that they should be Fasting when they are visiting Him (azwj) and are being His (azwj) guests’. I said, ‘So the men who hand by the curtains of the Kabah, what do they mean by that?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The example of that is an example of the man who happens to be in between him and the men (as an arbitrator) for a crime, so he tends to hang on to his clothes, beseeching him in hope for his crime to be gifted (forgiven)’.