152. The reason due to which the (Black) Stone became black after it having been white; and the reason due to which the one with disabilities no longer gets cured when he touches it

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار عن محمد بن أحمد قال حدثنا موسى عن عمر عن ابن سنان عن أبي سعيد القماط عن بكير بن اعين قال سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام لاي علة وضع الله الحجر في الركن الذي هو فيه و؟ يوضع في غيرة ولاي علة يقبل، ولاي علة اخرج من الجنة، ولاي علة وضع فيه ميثاق العباد والعهد ولم يوضع في غيره، وكيف السبب في ذلك تخبرني جعلت فداك فان تفكري فيه لعجب؟ قال فقال سألت وأعضلت في المسألة واستقصيت فافهم وفرغ قلبك واصغ سمعك أخبرك إن شاء الله، إن الله تبارك وتعالى وضع الحجر الاسود وهو جوهرة أخرجت من الجنة إلى آدم فوضعت في ذلك الركن لعلة الميثاق وذلك انه لما أخذ من بني آدم من ظهورهم ذريتهم حين أخذ الله عليهم الميثاق في ذلك المكان وفي ذلك المكان تراءى لهم ربهم، ومن ذلك الركن يهبط الطير على القائم فأول من يبايعه ذلك الطير وهو والله جبرئيل عليه السلام وإلى ذلك المقام يسند ظهره وهو الحجة والدليل على القائم وهو الشاهد لمن وافى ذلك المكان والشاهد لمن أدى إليه الميثاق والعهد الذي أخذ الله (به) على العباد وأما القبلة والالتماس فلعلة العهد تجديدا لذلك العهد والميثاق وتجديدا للبيعة وليؤدوا إليه في ذلك العهد الذي أخذ عليهم في الميثاق فيأتونه في كل سنة وليؤدوا إليه ذلك العهد، ألا ترى انك تقول أمانتي أديتها وميثاقي تعاهدته لتشهد لي بالموافاة والله ما يؤدي ذلك أحد غير شيعتنا، ولا حفظ ذلك العهد والميثاق أحد غير شيعتنا وانهم ليأتونه فيعرفهم ويصدقهم ويأتيه غيرهم فينكرهم ويكذبهم وذلك انه لم يحفظ ذلك غيركم فلكم والله يشهد وعليهم والله يشهد بالخفر والجحود والكفر وهو الحجه البالغة من الله عليهم يوم القيامة يجئ وله لسان ناطق وعينان في صورته الاولى يعرفه الخلق ولا ينكرونه يشهد لمن وافاه وجدد العهد والميثاق عنده بحفظ الميثاق والعهد واداء الامانة ويشهد على كل من أنكر وجحد ونسى الميثاق بالكفر والانكار، وأما علة ما أخرجه الله من الجنة فهل تدري ما كان الحجر؟ قال قلت لا قال كان ملكا عظيما من عظماء الملائكة عند الله تعالى فلما أخذ الله من الملائكة الميثاق كان أول من آمن به وأقر ذلك الملك فاتخذه الله أمينا على جميع خلقه فألقمه الميثاق وأودعه عنده واستعبد الخلق أن يجددوا عنده في كل سنة الاقرار بالميثاق والعهد الذي أخذ الله (به) عليهم ثم جعله الله مع آدم في الجنة يذكره الميثاق ويجدد عنده الاقرار في كل سنة فلما عصى آدم فأخرج من الجنة أنساه الله العهد والميثاق الذي أخذ الله عليه وعلى ولد لمحمد ووصيه، وجعله باهتا حيرانا، فلما تاب على آدم حول ذلك الملك في صورة درة بيضاء فرماه من الجنة إلى آدم وهو بأرض الهند فلما رآه أنس إليه وهو لا يعرفه بأكثر من أنه جوهره فأنطقها الله عزوجل فقال يا آدم أتعرفني. قال لا قال أجل استخوذ عليك الشيطان فأنساك ذكر ربك وتحول إلى الصورة التي كان بها في الجنة مع آدم فقال لآدم أين العهد والميثاق؟ فوثب إليه آدم وذكر الميثاق وبكى وخضع له وقبله وجدد الاقرار بالعهد والميثاق، ثم حوله الله تعالى إلى جوهر الحجر درة بيضاء صافية تضئ فحمله آدم على عاتقه إجلالا له وتعظيما فكان إذا أعيا حمله عنه جبرئيل حتى وافى به مكة فما زال يأنس به بمكة ويجدد الاقرار له كل يوم وليلة ثم ان الله تعالى لم أهبط جبرئيل إلى أرضه وبني الكعبة هبط إلى ذلك المكان بين الركن والباب وفي ذلك المكان تراءى لآدم حين أخذ الميثاق وفي ذلك الموضع القم الملك الميثاق فلتلك العلة وضع في ذلك الركن ونحى آدم من مكان البيت إلى الصفا وحواء إلى المروة فأخذ الله الحجر فوضعه بيده في ذلك الركن فلما ان نظر آدم من الصفا وقد وضع الحجر في الركن كبر الله وهلله ومجده فلذلك جرت السنة بالتكبير في استقبال الركن الذي فيه الحجر من الصفا، وان الله عزوجل أودعه العهد والميثاق وألقمه إياه دون غيره من الملائكة لان الله تعالى لما أخذ الميثاق له بالربوبية ولمحمد بالنبوة ولعلي عليه السلام بالوصية اصطكت فرايص الملائكة وأول من أسرع إلى الاقرار بذلك الملك ولم يكن فيهم أشد حبا لمحمد وآل محمد منه فلذلك اختاره الله تعالى من بينهم وألقمه الميثاق فهو يجئ يوم القيامة وله لسان ناطق وعين ناظرة ليشهد لكل من وافاه إلى ذلك المكان وحفظ الميثاق.


1. My father said, ‘Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Musa, from Umar, from Ibn Sinan, from Abu Saeed Al Qamaat, from Bakeyr Bin Ayn who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘For which reason did Allah (azwj) Place the (Black) Stone in the corner in which it is, and did not place it in another? And for which reason it is kissed? And for which reason was it brought out from the Paradise? And for which reason were the Covenants and the oaths of the servants Placed inside it and were not Placed somewhere else? And how were the reasons with regards to these, you (a.s.) inform me, may I be sacrificed for you (a.s.), for I think with regards to it and I wonder?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘You ask, and are puzzled in the questioning, and the probing. So understand and free your heart, and listen carefully, Allah (azwj) Willing I (a.s.) shall inform you. Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Placed the Black Stone, and it was a jewel Brought out from the Paradise to Adam (as). So it was Placed in that corner due to the Covenant, and that is when it was Taken from the Children of Adam (as) from the backs of their offspring, and the Covenant was Taken from them in that very place, their Lord (azwj) (His (azwj) Light) having Appeared to them. And, it is from that corner that the bird would descend upon Al-Qaim (a.s.). So the first one to pledge his allegiance would be that bird, and by Allah (azwj), it is Jibraeel (as); and it is upon that place that he (a.s.) would be leaning by his (a.s.) back, and it is the proof and the evidence upon him (a.s.) being Al-Qaim (a.s.), and it (the Black Stone) is the witness for the one who was loyal (to the Covenant), at that place, and the witness for the one who fulfilled the Covenant to him (a.s.), and the oath which Allah (azwj) Had Taken upon the servants. And as for the kissing and the touching, so it is for the reason of the oath, the renewal of that oath and the Covenant, and the renewal of the allegiance and the fulfilment to him (a.s.) (Al-Qaim (a.s.)) with regards to that oath which was Taken against them during the Covenant. Thus, they come to it during every year, and to fulfill that oath to it. Have you not seen your saying (at the Black Stone), ‘My entrustment I have fulfilled it, and my Covenant I have oathed to in order for you to testify for me with the loyalty’? By Allah (azwj)! No one fulfils that oath apart from our (a.s.) Shias, and no one preserves that oath and the Covenant, anyone apart from our (a.s.) Shia. And they (Shias) are coming to it, so it recognises them, and ratifies them. And when others come to it, so it denies them and belies them, and that is because that (Covenant) has not been preserved by others than you. Therefore, by Allah (azwj), it would testify for you, and upon them, by Allah (azwj), it would testify with the wariness and the ingratitude and the infidelity. And it is the proof delivered from Allah (azwj) against them on the Day of Judgement. It would come, and for it would be a speaking tongue, and two eyes in its first (original) face. The people would recognise it and will not deny him. It would testify for the one who fulfilled and renewed the oath and the Covenant in its presence, by the preservation of the Covenant, and the oath, and the fulfilment of the entrustment. And it would testify upon everyone who denied, and was ungrateful, and forgot the Covenant with the infidelity and the denial. And as for the reason why Allah (azwj) Brought it out from the Paradise, so do you know what was the (Black) Stone?’ I said, ‘No’. It was a magnificent Angel from the magnificent ones of the Angels in the Presence of Allah (azwj) the High. So when Allah (azwj) Took the Covenant from the Angels, the first one to believe in it and accept was that Angel. Therefore, Allah (azwj) Took him as a trustee upon the entirety of His (azwj) creatures. So it devoured the Covenant and it is deposited inside it, and the creatures have been enslaved that they should be renewing in its presence, during every year, the acceptance of the Covenant and the oath which Allah (azwj) has Taken against them. Then Allah (azwj) Made it to be with Adam (as) in the Paradise, reminding him (as) of the Covenant, and he (as) used to renew the acceptance in its presence during every year. So, when Adam (as) disobeyed, so he (as) came out from the Paradise, Allah (azwj) Caused him (as) to forget the oath and the Covenant which Allah (azwj) had Taken against him (as) and upon the sons (a.s.) Bestowed unto Muhammad (saww) and his (saww) successor (a.s.), and Made him (as) to be lacklustre and perplexed. So, when He (azwj) Turned to Adam (as) (Mercifully), Transferred that Angel to be in an image of a white jewel. So He (azwj) Threw it from the Paradise to Adam (as) at the land of India. So, when he (as) saw it, he (as) was affectionate towards it, and he (as) did not recognise it, mostly due to it being his (as) jewel. So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Caused it to speak, so it said: ‘O Adam (as)! Do you (as) recognise me?’ He (as) said: ‘No’. It said, ‘It means the Satan (la) has overcome you, so you (as) forgot the mentioned of your (as) Lord (azwj)’. And it (Black Stone) transformed back into the image in which it used to be in the Paradise with Adam (as). So, it said to Adam (as): ‘Where is your oath and the Covenant?’ So Adam (as) leapt up at it and remembered the Covenant, and cried, and hugged it, and kissed it, and renewed the acceptance of the oath and the Covenant. Then Allah (azwj) the High Transformed it into a jewel of a white stone gem, clear, illuminating. So Adam (as) carried it upon his (as) shoulder, due to its majesty, and reverence for it. So whenever he (as) was exhausted, Jibraeel (as) carried if from him (as) until he (as) came with it to Makkah. So he (as) did not cease to be affectionate to it at Makkah, and kept on renewing the acceptant (of the Covenant) to it during every day and night. Then when Allah (azwj) the High Caused Jibraeel (as) to descend to His (azwj) earth and build the Kabah, he (as) descended to that very place in between the corner and the Door, and it is in that place that it was shown to Adam (as) where the Covenant was Taken, and in that place the Angel (Black Stone) devoured the Covenant. Thus, it is due to that reason it was placed in that corner, and Adam (as) was Made to leave the place of the House (Kabah) to Al-Safa, and Hawwa (as) to Al-Marwa. So, Allah (azwj) Took the (Black) Stone, and Placed it by His (azwj) Hands (Power) in that corner. So when Adam (as) looked from Al-Safa, and the (Black) Stone had been place in the corner, he (as) exclaimed the Greatness of Allah (azwj), and extolled Him (azwj), and Praised Him (azwj). Therefore, it is due to that, the Sunnah flowed with the Takbeers during the kissing of the corner in which is the (Black) Stone, from Al-Safa. And Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Deposited with it, the oath, and the Covenant, and Made it to devour these, besides the other from the Angels, because when Allah (azwj) the High Took the Covenant for Himself (azwj) for the Lordship, and for Muhammad (saww) for the Prophet-hood, and for Ali (a.s.) with the successorship, the Angels trembled, and the first one who hastened to the acceptance was that Angel. And there was not among them anyone with more intense love to Muhammad (saww) and the Progeny (a.s.) of Muhammad, than him. Thus, it was due to that Allah (azwj) the High Chose him from between them, and Made him to devour the Covenant. So he would be coming on the Day of Judgement, and for him would be a speaking tongue, and two seeing eyes, to testify for each one who was loyal to that place, and preserved the Covenant’.