149. The reason due to which the Sanctuary came to be of the measurement what it is

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثني علي بن ابراهيم بن هاشم عن أبيه عن محمد ابن أبي عمير عن حماد بن عثمان عن عبيد الله بن علي الحلبي عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: سألته لم يستلم الحجر قال لان مواثيق الخلايق فيه، وفي حديث آخر قال لان الله تعالى لما اخذ مواثيق العباد أمر الحجر فالتقمها فهو يشهد لمن وافاه بالموافاة.


1. My father said, ‘Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin Hashim narrated to me, from his father, from Muhammad Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hamaad Bin Usman, from Ubeydullah Bin Ali Al Halby, (The narrator says) ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Why does one touch (with reverence) the (Black) Stone?’ He (a.s.) Because Covenants of the people are in it’. And in another Hadeeth, he (a.s.) said: ‘Because Allah the High, when He Took the Covenants of the servants, Commanded the (Black) Stone, so it devoured these. Thus, it would testify for the ones who fulfil it with the loyalty’.




حدثنا علي بن محمد (ره) قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله الكوفي عن محمد بن اسماعيل البرمكي عن علي بن عباس عن القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف، عن محمد بن سنان ان أبا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا عليه السلام كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة استلام الحجر، ان الله تبارك وتعالى لما أخذ مواثيق بني آدم التقمه الحجر فمن ثم كلف الناس بمعاهدة ذلك الميثاق ومن ثم يقال عند الحجر أمانتي أديتها وميثاقي تعاهدته لتشهد لي بالموافاة ومنه قول سلمان (رض) ليجيئن الحجر يوم القيامة مثل جبل أبي قبيس له لسان وشفتان يشهد لمن وافاة بالموافاة.


2. Ali Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Barmakky, from Ali Bin Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Bin Musa Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer to what he has asked him or the reason for the touching of the (Black) Stone: ‘Allah Blessed and High, when He Took the Covenants of the Children of Adam (as), the (Black) Stone devoured it. So, from then on, the people have been assigned with taking an oath to that Covenant. And from then on it is said in the presence of the (Black) Stone, ‘I have fulfilled my trust and have taken an oath to my Covenant, therefore testify for me with the loyalty’; and from it, is the speech of Salman (as), ‘The (Black) Stone would be coming on the Day of Judgement, like the mount of Abu Qubays, having a tongue for it and two lips, testifying for the ones who were loyal to it with the loyalty’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رض) قال حدثنا أحمد بن ادريس عن محمد بن حسان عن الوليد بن أبان عن علي بن جعفر عن محمد بن مسلم عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله طوفوا بالبيت واستلموا الركن فانه يمين الله في أرضه يصافح بها خلقه مصافحة العبد أو الدخيل ويشهد لمن استلمه بالموافاة.


3. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Idrees, from Muhammad Bin hasaan, from Al Waleed Bin Aban, from Ali Bin Ja’far, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Circumambulate by the House (Kabah), and touch (with reverence) the corner, for it is the Right Hand of Allah in His earth, which the servants shake with a shaking of the slaves or the stranger, and it would testify for the one who touches it (with reverence), with the loyalty (to the Covenant)’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رض) قال حدثنا الحسين ابن الحسن بن أبان عن الحسين بن سعيد عن ابن فضال عن يونس عمن ذكره عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال سألته عن الملتزم لاي شئ يلتزم وأي شئ يذكر فيه فقال عنده نهر من الجنة يلقي فيه أعمال العباد كل خميس.


4. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Al Husayn Ibn Al Hassan Bin Aban, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Ibn Fazaal, from Yunus, from the one who mentioned it, (The narrator says) Abu Abdullah (a.s.), replied when asked him (a.s.) about Al-Multazam (the wall in between Black Stone and Al-Yamani corner), for which thing is it an Obligation (to touch it), and which thing is mentioned during it?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘In its presence is a river from the Paradise in which the deeds of the servants are cast in, every Thursday’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رحمه الله قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن العباس بن معروف عن حماد بن عيسى عن حريز عن أبي بصير وزرارة ومحمد بن مسلم كلهم عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ان الله تعالى خلق الحجر الاسود ثم أخذ الميثاق على العباد، ثم قال للحجر التقمه، والمؤمنون يتعاهدون ميثاقهم.


5. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Hareyz, from Abu Baseer and Zarara and Muhammad Bin Muslim, all of them, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Allah the High Created the Black Stone. Then He Took the Covenant upon the servants. Then He Said to the (Black) Stone: “Devour it”. And the Believers are coming over to renew their Covenant’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد عن زياد القندي عن عبد الله ابن سنان قال: بينا نحن في الطواف إذ مر رجل من آل عمر فأخذ بيده رجل فاستلم الحجر فانتهره وأغلظ له وقال له بطل حجك ان الذي تستلمه حجر لا ينفع ولا يضر، فقلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام جعلت فداك أما سمعت قول العمري لهذا الذي استلم الحجر فأصابه ما أصابه فقال وما الذي قال؟ قلت قال له يا عبد الله بطل حجك ثم إنما هو حجر لا يضر ولا ينفع فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام كذب ثم كذب ثم كذب ان للحجر لسانا ذلقا يوم القيامة يشهد لمن وافاه بالموافاة ثم قال ان الله تبارك وتعالى لما خلق السماوات والارض خلق بحرين بحرا عذبا وبحرا اجاجا فخلق تربة آدم من البحر العذب وشن عليها من البحر الاجاج، ثم جبل آدم فعرك عرك الاديم فتركه ما شاء الله فلما أراد أن ينفخ فيه الروح أقامه شبحا فقبض قبضه من كتفه الايمن فخرجوا كالذر فقال هؤلاء إلى الجنة وقبض قبضة من كتفه الايسر وقال هؤلاء إلى النار فأنطق الله تعالى أصحاب اليمين وأصحاب اليسار فقال أهل اليسار يا رب لم خلقت لنا النار ولم تبين لنا ولم تبعث الينا رسولا؟ فقال الله عزوجل لهم: ذلك لعلمي بما أنتم صابرون إليه واني سأبليكم، فأمر الله تعالى النار فأسعرت ثم قال لهم تقحموا جميعا في النار فاني أجعلها عليكم بردا وسلاما فقالوا يا رب إنما سألناك لاي شئ جعلتها لنا هربا منها ولو أمرت أصحاب اليمين ما دخلوا، فأمر الله عزوجل النار فأسعرت ثم قال لاصحاب اليمين تقحموا جميعا في النار فتقحموا جميعا فكانت عليهم بردا وسلاما فقال لهم جميعا ألست بربكم؟ قال أصحاب اليمين بلى طوعا، وقال أصحاب الشمال بلى كرها، فأخذ منهم جميعا ميثاقهم وأشهدهم على انفسهم، قال وكان الحجر في الجنة فأخرجه الله عزوجل فالتقم الميثاق من الخلق كلهم فذلك قوله تعالى (وله أسلم من في السموات والارض طوعا وكرها واليه ترجعون) فلما أسكن الله تعالى آدم الجنة وعصى أهبط الله تعالى الحجر فجعله في ركن بيته وأهبط آدم على الصفا فمكث ما شاء الله ثم رآه في البيت فعرفه وعرف ميثاقه وذكره فجاء إليه مسرعا فأكب عليه وبكى عليه أربعين صباحا تائبا من خيطيئته ونادما على نقضه ميثاقه، قال فمن اجل ذلك أمرتم أن تقولوا إذا استلمتم الحجر أمانتي أديتها وميثاقي تعاهدته لتشهد لي بالموافاة يوم القيامة.


6. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin Ubeyd, from Ziyad Al Qindy, from Abdullah Ibn Sinan who said, ‘While we were in the circumambulation, when a man from the progeny of Umar passed by. So he seized the hand of a man who was touching the (Black) Stone (with reverence). So he rebuked him and spoke harshly to him, and said to him, ‘That which you have touched (with reverence) has invalidated your Hajj. A stone neither benefits nor harms’. So I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! But, did you (a.s.) hear the speech of the ‘Umary’ (follower of Umar Bin Al-Khattab) for this one who touched the (Black) Stone, so it hit him what hit him?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘What is that which he said?’ I said, ‘He said to him, ‘O servant of Allah , your Hajj is invalidated. But rather it is a stone, it neither benefits nor harms’. So Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘He lied, then lied, then lied!’ The (Black) Stone has an eloquent tongue. On the Day of Judgement it will testify for the one who was loyal to it (the Covenant) with the loyalty’. Then he (a.s.) said: ‘When Allah Blessed and High Created the skies and the earth, Created two oceans a fresh (sweet) ocean, and a salty ocean. So He Created the clay of Adam (as) from the fresh, and launched the salty ocean over it. Then He Scrubbed the crust of Adam (as) with a Scrubbing. So it was left (like that) for as long as Allah so Desired. So when He Intended to Blow the Spirit into him (as), Caused him (as) to stand as a resemblance. So He Grabbed a Handful from his (as) right shoulder, so particle-like (creatures) came out. So He Said: “These are to My Paradise”. And He Grabbed a Handful from his (as) left shoulder and Said: “These are to My Fire”. So, Allah the High Caused the companions of the right and the companions of the left to speak. So the (companions of) the left said, ‘O Lord ! Why did You Created the Fire for us, and did not Explain to us and did not Sent Rasools (as) to us?’ So Allah Mighty and Majestic Said: “That is in My Knowledge, with what you all would be patient upon and I shall Test you”. So He Commanded the Fire, so it flared up. Then He Said to them: “Plunge into the Fire, so I would Make it a coolness and safety upon you”. So they said, ‘O Lord ! But rather, You Ask us for something from which we have no escape from it. If You would Command the companions of the right, they (also) would not be entering it’. So Allah Mighty and Majestic Commanded the Fire, so it flared up. Then He Said to the companions of the right: “Plunge altogether into the Fire”. So they all plunged into it, and it was a coolness and a safety over them. So He Said to all of them [7:172] Am I not your Lord? The companions of the right said, ‘Yes’, willingly, and the companions of the left said, ‘Yes’, unwillingly. Thus, He Took the Covenant from the entirety of them, and and Made them testify against their own souls. He (a.s.) said: ‘And the (Black) Stone was in the Paradise. So Allah Mighty and Majestic Brought it out, so it devoured the Covenant from the people, all of them. So these are the Words of the High [3:83] and to Him submits whoever is in the skies and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and to Him shall they be returning. So when Allah the High Settled Adam (as) in the Paradise, and he (as) disobeyed, Allah Sent down the (Black) Stone. So He made it to be in a corner of His House (Kabah), and Adam (as) descended upon Al-Safa. So he (as) remained for as long as Allah so Desired. Then he (as) saw it in the House, and recognised his (as) Covenant. So he (as) quickly went to it, and fell upon it, and wept over it for forty mornings, repentant from his (as) error, and remorseful upon his (as) breaking of the Covenant’. He (a.s.) said : ‘Thus, it is from that, that you have been ordered to touch (with reverence) the (Black) Stone, you should be saying, ‘My entrustment I have fulfilled, and my Covenant I have been loyal to, so that you would testify for me with the loyalty on the Day of Judgement’.




حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال حدثني سعد بن عبد الله عن محمد بن الحسين ابن أبي الخطاب عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر عن عبد الكريم بن عمرو الخثعمي عن عبد الله بن أبي يعفور عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ان الارواح جنوده مجنده فما تعارف منها في الميثاق ايتلف هاهنا وما تناكر منها في الميثاق هو في هذا الحجر الاسود، أما والله ان له لعينين واذنين وفما ولسانا ذلقا، ولقد كان أشد بياضا من اللبن ولكن المجرمين يستلمونه والمنافقين فبلغ كمثل ما ترون.


7. My father narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Ibn Abu Al Khatab, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr, from Abdul Kareem Bin Amro Al Khash’amy, from Abdullah Bin Abu Yafour, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘The Spirits, its army was one army. So whichever from these had recognition during the Covenant in between them, they interconnect over here, and whichever of these had disregard in between them, (so they are like that over here). It is (all) in the (Black) Stone. But, by Allah , it has two eyes for it, and two ears, and a mouth, and an eloquent tongue, and it used to more intensely whiter than the milk, but the criminals and the hypocrites have been kissing it, so it reached to be like what you are seeing it as’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال حدثنا محمد ابن الحسن الصفار عن علي بن حسان الواسطي عن عمه عبد الرحمان بن كثير الهاشمي عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: مر عمر بن الخطاب على الحجر الاسود فقال والله يا حجر إنا لنعلم انك حجر لا تضر ولا تنفع إلا انا رأينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يحبك فنحن نحبك، فقال له أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام كيف يابن الخطاب فو الله ليبعثنه الله يوم القيامة وله لسان وشفتان فيشهد لمن وافاه وهو يمين الله في أرضه يبايع بها خلقه، فقال عمر: لا أبقانا الله في بلد لا يكون فيه علي بن أبي طالب.


8. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Ibn Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ali Bin Hisan Al Wasity, from his uncle Abdul Rahman Bin Kaseer Al Hashimy, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Umar Bin Al-Khattab passed by the Black Stone, so he said, ‘By Allah ! O Stone! I know that you are a stone. Neither do you benefit nor do you harm. Indeed! We saw Rasool-Allah (saww) love you, so we love you’. So, Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) said to him: ‘How, O son of Khattab? By Allah ! Allah would be Resurrecting it on the Day of Judgement, and for it would be a tongue, and two lips, so it would testify for the ones who were loyal to it (the Covenant), and it is the Right Hand of Allah in His earth, for the people to pledge their allegiances with’. So Umar said, ‘May Allah not Cause us to remain in a city in which there is no Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.)’.




اخبرني علي بن حاتم فيما كتب إلي قال: حدثنا جميل بن زياد قال: حدثنا أحمد بن الحسين النخاس عن زكريا أبي محمد المؤمن عن عامر بن معقل عن أبان بن تغلب قال قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: أتدري لابي شئ صار الناس يلثمون الحجر؟ قلت لا قال ان آدم عليه السلام شكى إلى ربه عزوجل الوحشة في الارض فنزل جبرئيل عليه السلام بياقوتة من الجنة كان آدم إذا مر عليها في الجنة ضربها برجله فلما رآها عرفها فبادر يلثمها فمن ثم صار الناس يلثمون الحجر.


9. Ali Bin Hatim informed me regarding what he wrote to me, from Jameel Bin Ziyad, from Ahmad Bin Al Husayn Al Nakhaas, from Zakariyya Abu Muhammad Al Momin, from Aamir Bin Ma’qal, from Aban Bin Taghlub who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said : ‘Do you know for which thing (reason) the people came to be kissing the (Black) Stone?’ I said, ‘No’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Adam (as) complained to his (as) Lord Mighty and Majestic of the loneliness in the earth. So Jibraeel (as) descended with a sapphire from the Paradise. When Adam (as) passed by it in the Paradise, struck it by his (as) leg. So when he (as) saw it, recognised it. So he (as) hastened to kiss it. Thus, from then on, the people came to be kissing the (Black) Stone’.