147. Reason for the Talbiyyah (لبيك اللهم لبيك)

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حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن ابراهيم بن هاشم عن أبيه عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر البزنطي قال سألت أبا الحسن الرضا (ع) عن الحرم واعلامه كيف صار بعضها اقرب من بعض وبعضها أبعد من بعض؟ فقال ان الله تعالى لما اهبط آدم من الجنة اهبطه على أبي قبيس فشكى إلى ربه عزوجل الوحشة وانه لا يسمع ما كان يسمع في الجنة فأهبط الله تعالى عليه ياقوتة حمراء فوضعها في موضع البيت فكان يطوف بها آدم عليه السلام وكان ضوؤها يبلغ موضع الاعلام فعلمت الاعلام على ضوئها فجعله الله عزوجل حرما.


1. My father narrated to us, from Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from his father, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr Al Bazanty who said, ‘I asked Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws) about the Sanctuary and its markings, how come so of it came to be near to some, and some remote from some?’ So he (asws) said: ‘When Allah (azwj) the High Sent down Adam (as) from the Paradise, Sent him (as) down upon Mount Abu Qubays. So he (as) complained to his (as) Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, of the loneliness, and he (as) could no longer hear what he (as) used to hear in the Paradise. So, Allah (azwj) the High Sent down unto him (as), a red sapphire, so he (as) placed it in the place of the House. So, Adam (as) used to circumambulate by it, and its illumination reached the place of the markings. Thus, he (as) knew the markings to be up to its illumination. Therefore, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Made it to be a sanctuary’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رض) قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن أبي همام اسماعيل بن همام عن أبي الحسن الرضا عليه السلام نحو هذا.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Abu Hamam Ismail Bin Hamam, (It has been narrated) from Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws), approximately this (the above Hadeeth)’.




حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل (رض) قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري قال حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن الحسن بن محبوب عن محمد ابن اسحاق عن أبي جعفر عن آبائه عليهم السلام ان الله تعالى أوحى إلى جبرئيل أنا الله الرحمان الرحيم انى قد رحمت آدم وحواء لما شكيا إلي ما شكيا فأهبط عليهما بخيمة من خيم الجنة فانى قد رحمتهما لبكائهما ووحشتهما ووحدتهما فأضرب الخيمة على الترعة التي بين جبال مكة قال: والترعة مكان البيت وقواعده التي رفعتها الملائكة قبل آدم فهبط جبرئيل على آدم (ع) بالخيمة على مقدار مكان البيت وقواعده فنصبها قال وأنزل جبرئيل (ع) آدم من الصفا وأنزل حواء من المروة وجمع بينهما في الخيمة قال: وكان عمود الخيمة قضيبا من ياقوت أحمر فأضاء نوره وضوءه جبال مكة وما حولها قال: فامتد ضوء العمود فهو مواضع الحرم اليوم من كل ناحية من حيث بلغ ضوءه قال فجعله الله تعالى حرما لحرمة الخيمة والعمود لانهما من الجنة قال ولذلك جعل الله تعالى: الحسنات في الحرم مضاعفات والسيئات مضاعفة قال: ومدت اطناب الخيمة حولها فمنتهى أوتادها ما حول المسجد الحرام قال: وكانت أوتادها صخرا من عقيان الجنة وأطنابها من ضفاير الارجوان قال وأوحى الله تعالى إلى جبرئيل (ع) بعد ذلك أهبط على الخيمة بسبعين الف ملك يحرسونها من مردة الشيطان ويؤنسون آدم ويطوفون حول الخيمة تعظيما للبيت والخيمة قال: فهبط بالملائكة فكانوا بحضرة الخيمة يحرسونها من مردة الشيطان ويطوفون حول أركان البيت والخيمة كل يوم وليلة كما كانوا يطوفون في السماء حول البيت المعمور قال وأركان البيت الحرام في الارض حيال البيت المعمور الذي في السماء قال ثم ان الله تبارك وتعالى أوحى إلى جبرئيل (ع) بعد ذلك ان اهبط إلى آدم وحواء فتحهما عن موضع قواعد بيتي وارفع قواعد بيتي ولملائكتي لخلقي من ولد آدم فهبط جبرئيل (ع) على آدم وحواء فأخرجهما من الخيمة ونحاهما عن ترعة البيت ونحى الخيمة عن موضع الترعة، قال ووضع آدم على الصفا وحوراء على المروة فقال آدم (ع) يا جبرئيل: ابسخط من الله تعالى جل ذكره حولتنا وفرقت بيننا أم برضى وتقدير علينا؟ فقال لهما لم يكن بسخط من الله تعالى ذكره عليكما ولكن الله تعالى لا يسئل عما يفعل يا آدم ان السبعين الف ملك الذين أنزلهم الله تعالى إلى الارض ليؤنسوك ويطوفوا حول اركان البيت والخيمة سألوتا الله تعالى أن يبني لهم مكان الخيمة بيتا على موضع الترعة المباركة حيال البيت المعمور فيطوفون حوله كما كانوا يطوفون في السماء حول البيت المعمور فأوحى الله تبارك وتعالى إلي ان انحيك وارفع الخيمة فقال آدم (ع): رضينا بتقدير الله تعالى ونافذ أمره فينا فرفع قواعد البيت الحرام بحجر من الصفا وحجر من المروة وحجر من طور سيناء وحجر من جبل السلام وهو ظهر الكوفة فأوحى الله تعالى إلى جبرئيل (ع) ان ابنه واتمه، فاقتلع جبرئيل (ع) الاحجار الاربعة بأمر الله تعالى من مواضعها بجناحه فوضعها حيث امره الله تعالى في اركان البيت على قواعدها التي قدرها الجبار جل جلاله ونصب اعلامها، ثم اوحى الله إلى جبرئيل ابنه واتمه من حجارة من أبي قبيس واجعل له بابين بابا شرقا وبابا غربا، قال فأتمه جبرئيل فلما فرغ طافت الملائكة حوله فلما نظر آدم وحواء إلى الملائكة يطوفون حول البيت انطلقا فطافا سبعة اشواط ثم خرجا يطلبان ما يأكلان.


3. Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkal narrated to us, from Abdullah Bin Ja’far Al Humeyri, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Muhammad Ibn Is’haq, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws), from his (asws) forefathers (asws) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) the High Revealed unto Jibraeel (as): “I (azwj) am Allah (azwj), the Beneficent, the Merciful! I (azwj) am being Merciful to Adam (as) and Hawwa (as), when they (as) both complained to Me (azwj), what they (as) complained. So, descend unto them (as) both with a tent from the tents of the Paradise, so I (azwj) am being Merciful to them (as) both due to both their (as) strangeness of environment, and their loneliness. So the tent was struck at the canal which was between the mountains of Makkah and the canal is at the place of the House and it foundation which the Angels raised before Adam (as). So Jibraeel (as) descended unto Adam (as) with the tent at the measurement of the place of the House (Kabah) and its foundations. So he (as) established it. He (asws) said: ‘And Jibraeel (as) made Adam (as) descend from Al-Safa, and Hawwa (as) descend from Al-Marwa, and got them both (as) together in the tent. And the pillars of the tent was of a red rod of red Sapphire, and its light and its illumination illuminated the mountains of Makkah and what surrounded it. So the range of the illumination of the pillar is the place of the Sanctuary today, from every direction when its illumination reached. Therefore, Allah (azwj) the High Made it a Sanctuary due to the sanctity of the tent and the pillar, because these two were from the Paradise. And, due to that, Allah (azwj) the High Made the good deeds performed in the Sanctuary to be multiplied manifold, and the sins to be multiplied manifold’. He (asws) said: ‘And the cords of the tent was extended about it, so its pegs ended what is (now) the Sacred Masjid’. He (asws) said: ‘And its pegs were from pure gold of the Paradise, and its cords were intertwined (tangled) with purple material’. He (asws) said: ‘And Allah (azwj) the High Revealed unto Jibraeel (as) after that: “Descend upon the tent with seventy thousand Angels, fortifying it from the Accursed Satan (la), and reassuring Adam (as), and they were circumambulating around the tent in reverence to the House and the tent’. He (asws) said: ‘So he (as) descended with the Angels. So they were in the presence of the tent, fortifying it from the Accursed Satan (la), and circumambulating around the corners of the House (Kabah) and the tent, every day and night, just as they used to circumambulate in the sky about the Oft-Frequented House (Bayt Al-Mamoor)’. He (asws) said: ‘And the corners of the Sacred House in the earth is about (the same as) the Bayt Al-Mamoor which is in the sky’. He (asws) said: ‘Then Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Revealed unto Jibraeel (as) after that: “Descend unto Adam (as) and Hawwa (as), and move both of them (as) from the place of the foundation of My (azwj) House and raise the foundation of My (azwj) House, for My (azwj) Angels, and My (azwj) creatures from the children of Adam (as)”. So Jibraeel (as) descended unto Adam (as) and Hawwa (as), so he (as) brought both of them (as) from the tent, and turned both of them (as) away from the canal of the House, and moved the tent away from the place of the canal’. He (asws) said: ‘And Adam (as) was placed upon Al-Safa, and Hawwa (as) was placed upon Al-Marwa. So Adam (as) said: ‘O Jibraeel (as)! Is it by the Anger of Allah (azwj), Majestic is His (azwj) Mention that you (as) are moving us (as) and separating between us (as), or is it by the Pleasure and Ordainment upon us (as)?’ So he (as) said: ‘For both of you (as), it is not by the Anger of Allah (azwj), Elevated is His (azwj) Mention, upon you (as), but Allah (azwj) the High will not be questioned about what He (azwj) Does. O Adam (as)! The seventy thousand Angels whom Allah (azwj) the High Sent down to the earth to assure you (as), and were circumambulating around the corners of the House and the tent, they asked Allah (azwj) the High that He (azwj) should Build for them, in the place of the tent, a House upon the place of the Blessed canal, beneath the Bayt Al-Mamoor, so that they would be circumambulating around it just as they used to be circumambulating in the sky around the Bayt Al-Mamoor. Therefore, Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Revealed unto me (as), that I (as) should move you (as), and raise the tent’. So Adam (as) said: ‘We (as) are pleased with the Ordainment of Allah (azwj) the High, and the establishment of His (azwj) Command with regards to us (as)’. So he (as) raised the foundation of the Sacred House, by a stone from Al-Safa and an stone from Al-Marwa, and a stone from (Mount) Toor of Sinai, and a stone from Mount Al-Salaam, and it is at the back of Al-Kufa. So Allah (azwj) the High Revealed unto Jibraeel (as) that he (as) should build it and complete it. So Jibraeel (as) pulled out four trees by the Command of Allah (azwj) the High, from their places, by his (as) wings. So he (as) placed them where Allah (azwj) the High Commanded him (as) to, in the corners of the House, upon its foundations which the Compeller, Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty, has Measured, and established its markings. Then Allah (azwj) Revealed unto Jibraeel (as) that he (as) should build it and complete it by the trees from (Mount) Abu Qubays, and made two doors for it an eastern door and a western door’. He (asws) said: ‘Jibraeel (as) completed it. So when he (as) was free, the Angels circumambulated around it. So when Adam (as) and Hawwa (as) looked at the Angels circumambulating around the House, they both (as) went, and circumambulated it by seven circuits. Then they (as) both went out seeking what they should eat’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رض) قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن العباس بن معروف عن صفوان بن يحيى قال سئل الحسن (ع) عن الحرم واعلامه فقال: ان آدم (ع) لما هبط من الجنة هبط على أبي قبيس والناس يقولون بالهند، فشكى إلى ربه الوحشة وانه لا يسمع ما كان يسمع في الجنة فأهبط الله تعالى عليه ياقوته حمراء فوضعت في موضع البيت فكان يطوف بها آدم (ع) وكان يبلغ ضؤوها الاعلام فعلمت الاعلام على ضوئها فجعله الله عزوجل حرما.


4. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Al Abbas Bin marouf, from Safwan Bin Yahya who said, ‘Al-Hassan (asws) was asked about the Sanctuary and its markings, so he (asws) said: ‘When Adam (as) descended from the Paradise, descended upon (Mount) Abu Qubays, and the people are saying with India. So he (as) complained to his (as) Lord (azwj) of the loneliness, and he (as) could no longer hear what he (as) used to hear in the Paradise. So Allah (azwj) the High Sent down unto him (as), a red sapphire. So he (as) placed it in the place of the House (Kabah). So, Adam (as) used to circumambulate by it, and the range of its illumination was the markings (boundary). Thus, he (as) came to know the markings upon its illumination. Therefore, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Made it a Sanctuary’.