141. Reason for bathing for entering the House (Kabah)

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أبي رحمه الله قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن محمد بن عمير عن حماد عن الحلبي عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال خرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله حين حج حجة الوداع خرج في أربع بقين من ذي القعدة حتى أتى مسجد الشجرة فصلى بها ثم قاد راحلته حتى أتى البيداء فأحرم منها وأهل بالحج وساق مائة بدنة وأحرم الناس كلهم بالحج لا يريدون عمرة، ولا يدرون ما المتعة، حتى إذا قدم رسول الله مكة طاف بالبيت وطاف الناس معه ثم صلى ركعتين عند مقام ابراهيم واستلم الحجر ثم أتى زمزم فشرب منها وقال لو لا أن اشق على امتي لاستقيت منها ذنوبا أو ذنوبين ثم قال ابدؤا بما بدء الله عزوجل به فأتى الصفا فبدأ به ثم طاف بين الصفا والمروة سبعا، فلما قضي طوافه عند المروة قام فخطب اصحابه وأمرهم أن يحلوا ويجعلوها عمرة وهو شئ أمر الله عزوجل به فأحل الناس وقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لو كنت استقبلت من أمرى ما استدبرت لفعلت كما أمرتكم ولكن لم يكن يستطيع أن يحل من أجل الهدى الذي معه ان الله عزوجل يقول: (ولا تحلقوا رؤسكم حتى يبلغ الهدي محله) فقام سراقة بن مالك بن جشعم الكناني فقال: يا رسول الله علمنا ديننا كأنا خلقنا اليوم، أرأيت هذا الذي أمرتنا به لعامنا هذا أم لكل عام؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا بل للابد، وان رجلا قام فقال يا رسول الله نخرج حجابا ورؤسنا تقطر من النساء؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إنك لن تؤمن بها ابدا وأقبل علي عليه السلام من اليمن حتى وافي الحج فوجد فاطمة عليها السلام قد أحلت ووجد ريح الطيب فانطلق إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عليها السلام فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: يا علي بأي شئ اهللت؟ فقال أهللت بما أهل النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقال لا تحل أنت، وأشركه في هديه وجعل له من الهدى سبعا وثلاثين ونحر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ثلاثا وستين نحرها بيده، ثم أخذ من كل بدنة بضعة فجعلها في قدر واحد ثم أمر به فطبخ فأكلا منها وحسوا من المرق فقال قد أكلنا الآن منها جميعا فالمتعة أفضل من القارن السايق الهدى وخير من الحج المفرد، وقال: إذا استمتع الرجل بالعمرة، فقد قضى ما عليه من فريضة المتعة.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Muhammad Bin Umeyr, from hamaad, from Al Halby, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) went out for Hajj, the Farewell Pilgrimage, in the four days remaining from (month of) Ziqaad, until he (saww) came to a Masjid Al-Shajara. So he (saww) Prayed at it. Then he (saww) guided his (saww) camel until he (saww) came to Al-Bayda. So he (saww) wore his (saww) Ihraam, and started with the Hajj, and ushered one hundred camels. And the people put on their Ihraams, all of them for the Hajj, neither intending Umrah, nor knowing what Al-Tamatto was. When Rasool-Allah (saww) set foot in Makkah, circumambulated by the House (Kabah), and the people circumambulated with him (saww). Then he (saww) Prayed two Cycles at the standing place of Ibrahim (as) (مقام ابراهيم), and kissed the (Black) Stone. Then he (saww) came to Zamzam, so he (saww) drank from it, and said: ‘Had it not been difficult upon my (saww) community, I (saww) would have drunk a bucket or two buckets from it’. Then he (saww) said: ‘Begin with what Allah Mighty and Majestic began with. So he (saww) came to Al-Safa, so he (saww) began with it. Then he (saww) circumambulated by it seven times. So when he (saww) completed his (saww) circumambulation at Al-Marwa, he (saww) stood to sermon his (saww) companions, and ordered them that they should free (themselves from the Ihraam, and make it an Umrah, and it was something which Allah Mighty and Majestic has Commanded with. So the people freed (themselves from the Ihraam), and Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Had I (saww) faced from my (saww) affairs what I (saww) did from my (saww) past, I (saww) would have done just as what I (saww) am ordering you to do, but I (saww) do not have the leeway for it that I (saww) should free myself (saww) (from Ihraam), due to the sacrificial animals which are with me (saww), that Allah is Saying [2:196] and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches its destination’. So Saraqat Bin Maalik Bin Ja’asham Al-Kanany stood up and said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! You (saww) are teaching us our Religion as if we have been Created today. What is your (saww) view of this which you (saww) are ordering us with. Is this for this year of ours or for every year?’ So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘No, but it is forever’. And a man stood up, so he said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! We should emerge from our veils and our heads are dripping (with water) from the women?’ So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘You all will never believe in it, ever!’ And Ali (a.s.) came over from Yemen until he (a.s.) fulfilled the Hajj. So he (a.s.) found Syeda Fatima (a.s.) who had freed (herself (a.s.) from the Ihraam), and found the smell of perfume. So he (a.s.) went to Rasool-Allah (saww),. So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘O Ali (a.s.)! By which thing will you (a.s.) free (yourself (a.s.) from the Ihraam)?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘By what the Prophet (saww) will free (himself (saww) from the Ihraam)’. So he (saww) said: ‘You (saww), don’t free (yourself (a.s.) from the Ihraam)’. And he (saww) participated him (a.s.) in his (saww) sacrifice, and made for him (a.s.), from the sacrifice, thirty seven (sacrificial animals), and Rasool-Allah (saww) sacrificed sixty three animals with his (saww) own hands. Then he (saww) took, from every (sacrificed) camel, a part, and made it one saucepan, then ordered for it to be cooked. So they (a.s.) both ate from it, and a little bit of the gravy. So he (saww) said: ‘We (a.s.) have eaten now from all of these. Thus, the Tamatto is preferable than the Qaaran (pairing), the usher of the sacrificial animals, and better than the singular Hajj’. And he (saww) said: ‘So when the man has satisfied himself with the Umrah, so he has fulfilled what is (obligated) upon him from the Obligation of the Mata’to (umrah)’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن يعقوب ابن يزيد عن محمد بن أبي عمير وصفوان بن يحيى عن معاوية بن عمار عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في حجة الوداع لما فرغ من السعي قام عند المروة فخطب الناس فحمد الله وأثنى عليه ثم قال يا معشر الناس هذا جبرئيل وأشار بيده إلى خلفه يأمرني ان آمر من لم يسق هديا أن يحل، ولو استقبلت من أمري ما استدبرت لفعلت كما أمرتكم ولكني سقت الهدى وليس لسايق الهدى أن يحل حتى يبلغ الهدى محله فقام إليه سراقة بن مالك بن جشعم الكناني فقال يا رسول الله علمنا ديننا فكأنا خلقنا اليوم أرأيت هذا الذي أمرتنا به لعامنا أم لكل عام؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا بل للابد، وان رجلا قام فقال يا رسول الله نخرج حجابا ورؤسنا تقطر من النساء؟ فقال له رسول الله إنك لن تؤمن بها ابدا


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Yaqoub Ibn Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr and Safwan Bin Yahya, from Muawiya Bin Amaar, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said during the Farewell Pilgrimage, when he (saww) was free from the Sa’ee, stood at Al-Marwa, and preached the people. So He (saww) Praised Allah and Extolled Him , then said: ‘O group of the people! This is Jibraeel (as)’ and he (saww) gestured by his (as) hand to his (saww) back ‘He (as) is ordering me (saww) that I (saww) should order then one who did not usher a sacrificial animal that he should free (himself from Ihraam), and Had I (saww) faced from my (saww) affairs what I (saww) did from my (saww) past, I (saww) would have done just as what I (saww) am ordering you to do, but, I (saww) am ushering the sacrificial animals, and it is not for the usherer of the sacrificial animals that he should free (himself from the Ihraam) until the sacrifice reaches its place’. So Saraqat Bin Maalik Bin Ja’asham Al-Kanany stood up and said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! You (saww) are teaching us our Religion as if we have been Created today. What is your (saww) view of this which you (saww) are ordering us with. Is this for this year of ours or for every year?’ So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘No, but it is forever’. And a man stood up, so he said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! We should emerge from our veils and our heads are dripping (with water) from the women?’ So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘You all will never believe in it, ever!’




حدثنا أبي ومحمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رض) قالا حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن القاسم بن محمد الاصبهاني عن سليمان بن داود المنقري عن فضيل بن عياض قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن اختلاف الناس في الحج فبعضهم يقول: خرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله مهلا بالحج، وقال بعضهم مهلا بالعمرة وقال بعضهم خرج قارنا، وقال بعضهم خرج ينتظر أمر الله عزوجل، فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام علم الله عزوجل أنها حجة لا يحج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بعدها ابدا فجمع الله عزوجل له ذلك كله في سفرة واحدة ليكون جميع ذلك سنة لامته، فلما طاف بالبيت وبالصفا والمروة أمره جبرئيل عليه السلام أن يجعلها عمرة إلا من كان معه هدي فهو محبوس على هديه لا يحل لقوله عزوجل (حتى يبلغ الهدي محله) فجمعت له العمرة والحج وكان خرج على خروج العرب الاول، لان العرب كانت لا تعرف إلا الحج وهو في ذلك ينتظر أمر الله تعالى وهو يقول عليه السلام: " الناس على أمر جاهليتهم إلا ما غيره الاسلام " وكانوا لا يرون العمرة في أشهر الحج فشق على اصحابه حين قال اجعلوها عمرة لانهم كانوا لا يعرفون العمرة في أشهر الحج، وهذا الكلام من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إنما كان في الوقت الذي أمرهم فيه بفسخ الحج فقال دخلت العمرة في الحج إلى يوم القيامة وشبك بين اصابعه - يعني في اشهر الحج - قلت أفيعتد بشئ من أمر الجاهلية؟ فقال ان اهلك الجاهلية ضيعوا كل شئ من دون ابراهيم عليه السلام إلا الختان والتزويج والحج فانهم تمسكوا بها ولم يضيعوها.


3. My father and Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed both narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad Al Asbahany, from Suleyman Bin Dawood Al Manqary, from Fazeyl Bin Ayaaz who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the differing of the people with regards to Hajj, so some of them are saying, ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) went out only for the Hajj’, and some of them say, ‘Only for the Umrah’, and some of them say, ‘Went out for both’ and some of them say, ‘Went out awaiting the Command of Allah Mighty and Majestic’. So Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘Allah Mighty and Majestic Knew that it was a Hajj, and Rasool-Allah (saww) would not be performing a Hajj after it, ever. So, Allah Mighty and Majestic Gathered all of that for him (saww) in one journey in order for all of that to become a Sunnah for his (saww) community. So when he (saww) circumambulated by the House (Kabah), and by Al-Safa and Al-Marwa, Jibraeel (as) (came with an) Order for him (as) that he (saww) should make it an Umrah, except for the one who had a sacrificial animal with him. Thus, he (saww) was restricted due to his (saww) sacrificial animal, not freeing himself (saww) (from the Ihraam), due to the Words of the Mighty and Majestic [2:196] until the offering reaches its destination. So He (saww) Gathered together the Umrah and the Hajj for him (saww), and he (saww) had gone away from (the norms of) the previous Arabs, because the previous Arabs did not recognise except for the Hajj, and he (saww), with regards to that, was awaiting the Commands of Allah the High, and these are his (saww) words: ‘The people are upon the affairs of their (era of) ignorance except for what Al-Islam changed, and they did not use to see the Umrah to be in the month of the Hajj. So, that was grievous upon his (saww) companions where he (saww) said: ‘Make it to be an Umrah’, because they were not used to recognising the Umrah to be in the month of Al-Hajj. And this is the speech from Rasool-Allah (saww). But rather, it was during the time which he (saww) ordered them to revoke the Hajj, so he (saww) said: ‘I (saww) have entered to Umrah to be in the Hajj up to the Day of Judgement’ and he (saww) clasped his (saww) fingers meaning in the month of the Hajj’. I said, ‘Is there anything significant from the matters of the era of ignorance (Pre-Islamic period)?’ So he (saww) said: ‘The ignorant one destroyed and wasted everything from Ibrahim (as) except for the circumcision, the marriage, and the Hajj, so they had attached themselves to these and did not waste these’.