14. The reason due to which there is no shortening in Al-Maghrib Prayer and its Optional during the journey and the hazard

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حدثنا احمد بن محمد بن يحيى العطار عن أبيه قال: حدثنى أبو محمد العلوى الدينوري باسناده رفع الحديث إلى الصادق عليه السلام قال: قلت له لم صارت المغرب ثلاث ركعات وأربعا بعدها ليس فيها تقصير في حضر ولا سفر؟ فقال: ان الله عزوجل أنزل على نبيه صلى الله عليه وآله لكل صلاة ركعتين في الحضر فاضاف إليها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لكل صلاة ركعتين في الحضر وقصر فيها في السفر إلا المغرب والغداة فلما صلى المغرب بلغه مولد فاطمة عليها السلام فاضاف إليها ركعة شكرا لله عزوجل، فلما أن ولد الحسن عليه السلام أضاف إليها ركعتين شكرا لله عزوجل فلما أن ولد الحسين (ع) أضاف إليها ركعتين شكرا لله عزوجل فقال للذكر مثل حظ الانثيين فتركها على حالها في الحضر والسفر.


1. Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar narrated to us, from his father, from Abu Muhammad Al Alawy Al Deynawary, by his chain, In a Hadeeth referred to, the narrator says, ‘I said to Al-Sadiq (asws), ‘Why did Al-Maghrib come to be of three Cycles, and four after it, not being any reduction in it neither during the hazard nor in a journey?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed unto His (azwj) Prophet (saww), two Cycles for each Prayer, so Rasool-Allah (saww) increased upon it, two (more) Cycles for every Prayer. During hazards being present, and during the journey, reduced it, except for Al-Maghrib and the morning. So when he (saww) Prayed Al-Maghrib, it (news) reached him of the ‘Zahoor’ Syeda Fatima (asws), so he (saww) increase one Cycle in it as gratitude to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So when (the Holy Ahl Al-Bayt (asws)) were blessed with Al-Hassan (asws), he (saww) increased two Cycles in gratitude to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So when (the Holy Ahl Al-Bayt (asws)) were blessed with Al-Husayn (asws), he (saww) increased two Cycles in gratitude for Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So he (asws) said: ‘For the male, a portion of two females (double), and he (saww) left it upon its state (no increased) during the hazard and the journey’.