132. The reason due to which the House (Kabah) was named as Al-Ateeq (The Emancipated)

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حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن سليمان الرازي قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب قال: حدثنا محمد بن سنان عن اسماعيل بن جابر وعبد الكريم بن عمر عن عبد الحميد بن أبي الديلم عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: ان الله تبارك وتعالى لما أراد أن يتوب على آدم (ع) أرسل إليه جبرئيل فقال له السلام عليك يا آدم الصابر على بليته التائب عن خطيئته ان الله تبارك وتعالى بعثنى اليك لاعلمك المناسك التي يريد أن يتوب عليك بها، وأخذ جبرئيل بيده وانطلق به حتى اتى البيت فنزلت عليه غمامة من السماء فقال له جبرئيل خط برجلك حيث اظلك هذا الغمام ثم انطلق به حتى اتى به منى فاراه موضع مسجد منى فخطه وخط المسجد الحرام بعد ما خط مكان البيت ثم انطلق به إلى عرفات فاقامه على العرفة وقال له: إذا غربت الشمس فاعترف بذنبك سبع مرات ففعل ذلك آدم ولذلك سمي العرفة لان آدم (ع) اعترف عليه بذنبه فجعل ذلك سنة في ولده يعترفون بذنوبهم كما اعترف ابوهم ويسألون الله عزوجل التوبة كما سألها أبوهم آدم ثم أمره جبرئيل (ع) فافاض عن عرفات فمر على الجبال السبعة فأمره ان يكبر على كل جبل اربع تكبيرات ففعل ذلك آدم ثم انتهى به إلى جمع ثلث الليل فجمع فيها بين صلاة المغرب وبين صلاة العشاء الآخرة فلذلك سمى جمعا لان آدم جمع فيها بين صلاتين فوقعت العتمة في تلك الليلة ثلث الليل في ذلك الموضع ثم أمره أن يتبطح في بطحاء جمع، فاتبطح حتى انفجر الصبح ثم امره أن يصعد على الجبل جبل جمع، وأمره إذا طلعت الشمس أن يعترف بذنبه سبع مرات ويسأل الله تعالى التوبة والمغفرة سبع مرات ففعل ذلك آدم كما أمره جبرئيل وأنما جعل اعترافين ليكون سنة في ولده فمن لم يدرك عرفات وادرك جمعا فقد وفي بحجه فافاض آدم من جمع إلى منى فبلغ منى ضحي فأمره أن يصلي ركعتين في مسجد منى ثم أمره أن يقرب إلى الله تعالى قربانا ليتقبل الله منه ويعلم ان الله قد تاب عليه ويكون سنة في ولده القربان فقرب آدم (ع) قربانا فقيل الله منه قربانه وأرسل الله عزوجل نارا من السماء فقبضت قربان آدم فقال له جبرئيل ان الله تبارك وتعالى قد احسن اليك إذا علمك المناسك التي تاب عليك بها وقبل قربانك فاحلق رأسك تواضعا لله تعالى إذ قبل قربانك، فحلق آدم رأسه تواضعا لله تبارك وتعالى، ثم اخذ جبرئيل بيد آدم فانطلق به إلى البيت فعرض له إبليس عند الجمرة العقبة فقال له يا آدم أين تريد؟ قال جبرئيل يا آدم ارمه بسبع حصيات وكبر مع كل حصاة تكبيرة ففعل ذلك آدم كما أمره جبرئيل، فذهب إبليس ثم أخذ جبرئيل بيده في اليوم الثاني فانطلق به إلى الجمرة الاولى فعرض له إبليس، فقال له جبرئيل ارمه بسبع حصيات وكبر مع كل حصاة تكبيرة ففعل آدم ذلك فذهب إبليس، ثم عرض له عند الجمرة الثانية فقال له يا آدم أين تريد؟ فقال جبرئيل: ارمه بسبع حصيات وكبر مع كل حصاة ففعل ذلك آدم فذهب إبليس ثم عرض له عند الجمرة الثالثة فقال له يا آدم أين تريد؟ فقال له جبرئيل ارمه بسبع حصيات وكبر مع كل حصاة تكبيرة ففعل ذلك آدم فذهب إبليس ثم فعل ذلك به في اليوم الثالث والرابع فذهب إبليس فقال له جبرئيل انك لن تراه بعد مقامك هذا أبدا، ثم انطلق به إلى البيت فأمره أن يطوف بالبيت سبع مرات ففعل ذلك آدم فقال له جبرئيل ان الله تبارك وتعالى قد غفر لك وقبل توبتك وحلت لك زوجتك.


1. My father narrated to me, from Ali Bin Suleyman Al Razy, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Abu Al Khatab, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Ismail Bin Jabir and Abdul Kareem Bin Umar, from Abd Al Hameed Bin Abu Al Daylam, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘When Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Intended that He (azwj) Turn to Adam (as) (with Mercy), Sent Jibraeel (as) to him (as). So he (as) said: ‘Peace be upon you (as), O Adam (as)! O patient one upon his afflictions, O repentant one upon his (as) error! Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Sent me (as) to you (as), to teach you (as) the rituals which He (azwj) Wants you (as) to turn to Him (azwj) by’. And Jibraeel (as) grabbed by his (as) hand and went with him (as) until he (as) came to the House (Kabah) So the clouds descended upon him (as) from the sky. So Jibraeel (as) said to him (as): ‘Draw a line with your (as) leg where this cloud is shading you (as)’. Then he (as) went with him (as) until he (as) came with him (as) to Mina. So he (as) showed him (as) a place of a Masjid of Mina. So he (as) drew a line, and the line of the Sacred Masjid, after having drawn the line of the place of the House (Kabah). Then he (as) went with him (as) to Arafaat. So he (as) made him (as) stand upon the Arafaat and said: ‘When the sun goes down, so acknowledge your sin seven times’. So Adam (as) did that, and it was due to that, Al-Arafaat was named as such, because Adam (as) acknowledged (اعترف) his (as) sin at it. So, that flowed as a Sunnah in his (as) offspring who are acknowledging their sins just as their father (as) acknowledge his (as), and they are asking Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, the repentance just as their father (as) Adam (as) had asked it. Then Jibraeel (as) ordered him (as), so they went from Arafaat. So they passed by seven mountain, and he (as) ordered him (as) that he (as) should exclaim four exclamations (of the Greatness of Allah (azwj)) upon each mountain. So Adam (as) did that. Then he (as) ended up with him (as) at Jama’a in the third of the night, wherein they gathered together between Al-Magrib Prayer, and Al-Isha the last Prayer. Thus, it is due to that, Jama’a was named as such, because Adam (as) gathered together therein between two Prayers. So the darkness occurred in that night, a third of the night, in that place. Then he (as) ordered him (as) that he (as) should collect pebbles in Jama’a, so he (as) collected, until the dawn broke. Then he (as) ordered him (as) that he (as) should climb upon a mountain, a mountain of Jama’a, and ordered him (as), when the sun emerges that he (as) should acknowledge his (as) sin seven times, and ask Allah (azwj) the High for (Accepting) the repentance and the Forgiveness, seven times. So Adam (as) did that just as Jibraeel (as) had ordered him (as) to. But rather, the two acknowledgements became a Sunnah in his (as) children. So the one who did not see Arafaat, and saw Jama’a, so he has fulfilled his Hajj. So Adam (as) went from Jama’a to Mina (for the sacrifice). So he (as) (Jibraeel (as)) ordered him that he (as) should Pray two Cycle in a Masjid of Mina. Then he (as) ordered him (as) that he (as) offer to Allah (azwj) the High a sacrifice, for Allah (azwj) to Accept it from him (as), and he (as) would know that Allah (azwj) has Turned towards him (as), and it became a Sunnah in his (as) children, the sacrifice. So Adam (as) offered a sacrifice, and Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Sent a flame from the sky, so it seized the sacrifice of Adam (as). So Jibraeel (as) said to him (as) that Allah (azwj) Blessed and High has Favoured upon you (as) that He (azwj) Taught you (as) the rituals which you (as) can repent to Him (azwj) by, and Accepted your (as) sacrifice, therefore shave your (as) head in reverence for Allah (azwj) the High, since your (as) sacrifice has been Accepted’. So Adam (as) shaved off his (as) head in reverence to Allah (azwj) Blessed and High. Then Jibraeel (as) grabbed the hand of Adam (as), so he (as) went with him (as) to the House (Kabah). Iblees (la) appeared to him (as) at al-Jamarat of Al-Aqaba. So he (la) said to him (as), ‘O Adam (as)! What are you intending?’ Jibraeel (la) said: ‘O Adam (as)! Pelt him (la), with seven pebbles, and exclaim with each pebbles, an exclamation (of the Greatness of Allah (azwj))’. So Adam (as) did that just as Jibraeel (as) had ordered him (as) to do. So Iblees (la) went away. The Jibraeel (la) grabbed his (as) hand on the second day, so he (as) went with him (as) to the first Al-Jamarat. So Iblees (la) appeared to him (as), and Jibraeel (as) said to him (as): ‘Pelt him (la) with seven pebbles, and exclaim with each pelting, an exclamation (of the Greatness of Allah (azwj))’. So Adam (as) did that, and Iblees (la) went away. Then he (la) appeared to him at the second Al-Jamarat, so he (la) said to him (as), ‘O Adam (as)! What are you intending?’ So Jibraeel (la) said: ‘Pelt him (la) with seven pebbles, and exclaim with each pebble, an exclamation (of the Greatness of Allah (azwj))’. So Adam (as) did that. Then he (la) appeared to him (as) at the third Al-Jamarat, so he (la) said to him (as), ‘O Adam (as)! What are you (as) intending?’ So Jibraeel (as) said to him (as): ‘Pelt him (la) with seven pebbles, and exclaim with each pebble, an exclamation (of the Greatness of Allah (azwj))’. So Adam (as) did that, and Iblees (la) went away. So that happened with him on the third day, and the fourth, and Iblees (la) went away. So Jibraeel (as) said to him (as): ‘You (as) will never seen him (la) after this place of yours (as), ever’. Then he (as) went with him (as) to the House (Kabah). So he (as) ordered him (as) that he (as) should circumambulate the House (Kabah) seven times. So Adam (as) did that. Jibraeel (as) said to him (as): ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and High has Forgiven you (as), and Accepted your (as) repentance, and Made your (as) wife to be Permissible for you (as)’.




أخبرنا علي بن حبشي بن قونى رحمه الله فيما كتب إلى قال: حدثنا جميل بن زياد قال: حدثنا القاسم بن اسماعيل قال حدثنا محمد بن سلمة عن يحيى بن أبي العلا الرازي ان رجل دخل على أبي عبد الله (ع) فقال: جعلت فداك أخبرني عن قول الله تعالى (ن والقلم وما يسطرون) وأخبرني عن قول الله عزوجل لابليس (فانك من المنظرين إلى يوم الوقت المعلوم) وأخبرني عن هذا البيت كيف صار فريضة على الخلق أن يأتوه؟ قال فالتفت أبو عبد الله (ع) إليه وقال ما سألني عن مسألتك أحد قط قبلك ان الله عزوجل لما قال للملائكة اني جاعل في الارض خليفة ضجت الملائكة من ذلك وقالوا: يا رب ان كنت لا بد جاعل في الارض خليفة فاجعله منا ممن يعمل في خلقك بطاعتك فرد عليهم انى اعلم مالا تعلمونت، فظنت الملائكة ان ذلك سخط من الله تعالى عليهم فلا ذوا بالعرش يطوفون به، فامر الله تعالى لهم ببيت من مرمر سقفه ياقوتة حمراء واساطينة الزبرجد يدخله كل يوم سبعون ألف ملك لا يدخلونه بعد ذلك إلى يوم الوقت المعلوم قال ويوم الوقت المعلوم يوم ينفخ في الصور نفحة واحدة فيموت إبليس ما بين النفخة الاولى والثانية واما نون فكان نهرا في الجنة أشد بياضا من الثلج واحلى من العسل قال الله تعالى له: كن مدادا فكان مدادا، ثم أخذ شجرة فغرسها بيده ثم قال: واليد القوة وليس بحيث تذهب إليه المشبهة تم قال لها كونى قلما ثم قال له اكتب فقال له يا رب وما اكتب قال: اكتب ما هو كائن إلى يوم القيامة ففعل ذلك ثم ختم عليه وقال: لا تنطقن إلى يوم الوقت المعلوم.


2. Ali Bin Habashy Bin Qawny informed us regarding what was written to him, from Jameel Bin Ziyad, from Al Qasim Bin Ismail, from Muhammad Bin Salma, from Yahya Bin Abu Al A’ala Al Razy who said, ‘A man came over to Abu Abdullah (asws), so he said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws)! Inform me about the Words of Allah (azwj) the High [68:1] Noon, and I swear by the Pen and what it would be writing; and inform me about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic to Iblees (la) [15:37] He said: So you are from the Respited ones [15:38] Till the Day of the known time; and inform me about this House (Kabah), how it came to be an Obligation upon the people that they should come to it?’ He (the narrator) said, ‘So, Abu Abdullah (asws) turned, and said: ‘No one has ever asked me (asws) what you asked, at all, before you. When Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Said to the Angels [2:30] And when your Lord Said to the Angels, I am going to Make a Caliph in the earth, the Angels were in uproar from that and said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! If it was inevitable to Make a Caliph in the earth, so Make him to be from us, from the ones who work among Your (azwj) creatures by being obedient to You (azwj)’. So Allah (azwj) Rebuffed them He said: I know what you are not knowing. So the Angels thought that, that was an Anger from Allah (azwj) the High, against them. So there was nothing by the Throne that they could circumambulate by. So, Allah (azwj) the High Commanded for a House to be built, from marble, its ceiling being of red rubies, and its pillars being of aquamarine. Every day, seventy thousand Angels enter into it. They would be entering into it after that, up to the day of a known time’. He (asws) said: ‘And the day of the known time is the day during which the Trumpet would be blown into with one blowing. So, Iblees (la) would be dying, in what is in between the first blowing and the second blowing. And as for [68:1] Noon, so it is a river in the Paradise, more intensely whiter than the snow, and sweeter than the honey’. Allah (azwj) the High Said to it: “Be ink!” So it was ink. Then He (azwj) Took and tree and Planted it by His (azwj) Hands’. Then He (azwj) Said: ‘And the Hand, is the Power, and it is not where you are going with it to the resemblances’. Then He (azwj) Said to it: “Become a pen!” Then He (azwj) Said to it: “Write!” So it said to Him (azwj): ‘Lord (azwj)! What shall I write?’ He (azwj) Said: ‘Write what is going to happen up to the Day of Judgement’. So it did that. Then He (azwj) Placed a seal upon it, and Said: “Do not speak up to the day of known time”.




حدثنا أبي رضى الله عنه قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد ابن عيسى عن علي بن حديد عن ابن أبي عمير عن أصحابنا عن أحدهما انه سئل عن ابتداء الطواف فقال ان الله تبارك وتعالى لما أراد خلق آدم (ع) قال للملائكة اني جاعل في الارض خليفة فقال ملكان من الملائكة أتجعل فيها من يفسد فيها ويسفك الدماء، فوقعت الحجب فيما بينهما وبين الله عزوجل وكان تبارك وتعالى نوره ظاهرا للملائكة فلما وقعت الحجب بينه وبينهما علما انه قد سخط قولهما فقالا للملائكة ما حيلتنا وما وجه توبتنا؟ فقالوا: ما نعرف لكما من التوبة إلا ان تلوذا بالعرش، قال: فلاذا بالعرش حتى انزل الله تعالى توبتهما ورفعت الحجب فيما بينه وبينهما واجب الله تبارك وتعالى أن يعبد بتلك العبادة فخلق الله البيت في الارض وجعل على العباد الطواف حوله وخلق البيت المعمور في السماء يدخله كل يوم سبعون الف ملك لا يعودون إليه إلى يوم القيامة.


3. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Ibn Isa, from Ali Bin Hadeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from our companions, (It has been narrated) from one of the two (asws) (5 (th) or 6 (th) Imam (asws)), having been asked about the beginning of the circumambulation. So he (asws) said: ‘When Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Intended to Create Adam (as), Said to the Angels [2:30] I am going to Make a Caliph in the earth. So two Angels from the Angels said: ‘Are You going to Make in it one as shall make mischief therein and shed the blood?’ So there occurred a Veil in between these two and between Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. And the Blessed and High, His (azwj) Light was Manifested to the Angels. So when the Veil occurred between Him (azwj) and these two, they both came to know that their words have Angered Him (azwj). So they both said to the Angels: ‘What resources do we have, and what is His (azwj) Perspective for our repentance?’ So they said: ‘We do not know the repentance for the two of you except that you should both take shelter by the Throne’. He (asws) said: ‘So they took shelter with the Throne until Allah (azwj) the High Sent down (the Acceptance of) the repentance of both of them, and Raised the veil which was between Him (azwj) and these two, and Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Obligated that He (azwj) be worshipped by that very worship, so Allah (azwj) Created the House (Kabah) in the earth, and Made the circumambulation around it to be (obligatory) upon the servants, and Created the Oft-Frequented House (Bayt Al-Mamoor) in the sky. Seventy thousand Angels enter into it every day, not returning to Him (azwj) up to the Day of Judgement’.




حدثنا أحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني والحسين بن ابراهيم بن أحمد ابن هشام المؤدب الرازي وعلي بن عبد الله الوراق رضي الله عنهم قالوا حدثنا علي بن ابراهيم بن هاشم عن أبيه، عن الفضل بن يونس قال كان ابن أبي العوجاء من تلامذة الحسن البصري فانحرف عن التوحيد فقيل له ترك مذهب صاحبك ودخلت فيما لا أصل له ولا حقيقة فقال ان صاحبي كان مخلطا كان يقول طورا بالقدر وطورا بالجبر وما اعلمه اعتقد مذهبا دام عليه قال ودخل مكة تمردا وانكارا على من يحج وكان يكره العلماء مسائلته اياهم ومجالسته لهم لخبث لسانه وفساد سريرته فاتى جعفر بن محمد (ع) فجلس إليه في جماعة من نظرائه ثم قال له يا أبا عبد الله ان المجالس امانات ولا بد لكل من به سعال أن يسعل افتأذن لي في الكلام فقال أبو عبد الله (ع) تكلم بما شئت فقال إلى كم تدسون هذا البيدر وتلوذون بهذا الحجر وتعبدون هذا البيت المرفوع بالطوب والمدر وتهرولون هرولة البعير إذا نفر ان من فكر في الامر قد علم ان هذا فعل اسسه غير حكيم ولا ذي نظر فقل فانك رأس هذا الامر وسنامه وأبوك اسمه ونظامه فقال أبو عبد الله (ع) ان من أضله الله وأعمى قلبه استوخم الحق فلم يستعذبه صار الشيطان وليه يورده مناهل الهلكة ثم لا يصدره وهذا بيت استعبد الله تعالى به خلقه ليختبر به طاعتم في اتيانه فحثهم على تعظيمه وزيارته وجعله محل انبيائه وقبلة للمصلين له فهو شعبة من رضوانه وطريق يؤدى إلى غفرانه منصوب على استواء الكمال ومجتمع العظمة والجلال خلقه الله تعالى قبل دحو الارض بالفى عام واحق من اطيع فيما امر وانتهى عما نهى عنه وزجر، الله المنشئ للارواح والصور فقال ابن أبي العوجاء ذكرت يا أبا عبد الله فاحلت على غائب فقال ويلك وكيف يكون غائبا من هو في خلقه شاهد واليهم اقرب من حبل الوريد يسمع كلامهم ويرى أشخاصهم ويعلم اسرارهم وانما المخلوق إذا انتقل عن مكان اشتغل به مكان وخلا منه مكان فلا يدرى في المكان الذي صار إليه ما حدث في المكان الذي كان فيه فاما الله العظيم الشأن الملك الديان فانه لا يخلو منه مكان ولا يشتغل به مكان ولا يكون إلى مكان اقرب منه إلى مكان والذي بعثه بالايات المحكمة والبراهين الواضحة وايده بنصره واختاره لتبليغ رسالاته صدقنا قوله بان ربه بعثه وكلمه فقام عنه ابن أبي العوجاء فقال لاصحابه من القانى في بحر هذا سألتكم أن تلتمسوا إلى خمرة فالقيتموني إلى جمرة قالوا ما كنت في مجلسه إلا حقيرا قال انه ابن من حلق رؤس من ترون.


4. Ahmad Bin Ziyad Bin Ja’far Al hamdany and Al Husayn Bin Ibrahim Bin Ahmad Ibn Hisham Al Mowdab Al Razy and Ali Bin Abdullah Al Waraq, from Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from his father, from Al Fazal Bin Yunus who said, ‘Ibn Abu Al Awja was a pupil of Al Hassan Al Basry, so he deviated from the Oneness (Tawheed). So it was said to him, ‘Leave the sect of your master and you have entered into what has neither any origin for it, nor any reality’. So he said, ‘My master is muddled up. Sometimes he was speaking of Pre-destination, sometimes of compulsion, and I do not know of a belief of a sect that he was firm upon’. He (the narrator) said, ‘And he entered Makkah in rebellion and denial upon the one who argued, and he (asws) dislike this scholar to come and ask him (asws), and sit in his (asws) gatherings, due to the malicious tongue of his, and spoilt mannerisms. So he came to Ja’far (asws) Bin Muhammad (asws), and sat among a group of his counterparts. Then he said to him (asws), ‘O Abu Abdullah (asws)! The gatherings are a safe place, and it is a must for each one, if he has to cough, he coughs. Do you (asws) allow me to speak?’ So Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘Speak with whatever you so desire to’. So he said, ‘For how long will you all be walking around these valleys, and taking shelter with this stone (Haj Al-Aswad) , and worshipping this House (Kabah) raised by the bricks and mortar, and trotting around like the trotting of the camels. If a number of people were to think about the matter, they would come to know that this deed was founded by the one who was not wise, nor one with any vision. So speak, for you (asws) are the head of this matter, and its peak, and your (asws) father (saww) (Rasool-Allah (saww)) founded it, and its system’. So, Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘The one whom Allah (azwj) Lets to stray and Blinds his heart, is blackened out from the Truth and does not taste it. The Satan (la) becomes his guardian, turning him towards the fountains of destruction. Then he does not come out of it. And this House (Kabah), His (azwj) creatures worship Allah (azwj) the High by it, in order to Test their obedience by it with regards to their coming to it, and the urging for its reverence, and its visitation, and Made it a place for His (azwj) Prophets (as), and a Qiblah (direction) for the Praying ones to Him (azwj). So it is a section of His (azwj) Pleasure, and a way leading to His (azwj) Forgiveness, established upon Perfection, and the entirety of the Magnificence and Majesty. Allah (azwj) the High Created it two thousand years before the spreading of the land. And He (azwj) is more deserving to be obeyed with regards to what He (azwj) has Commanded, and to refrain from what He (azwj) has Forbidden from, and Enjoined. Allah (azwj) is the Originator of the Spirits and the images’. So, Ibn Ali Al-Awja said, ‘You (asws) have mentioned, O Abu Abdullah (asws), so you (asws) are imposing upon One Who is hidden’. So he (asws) said: ‘Woe be unto you! And how can He (azwj) be hidden, the One Who is among His (azwj) creatures as a Witness, and is closer to them than the jugular vein? He (azwj) Hears their speech, and Sees their persons, and Knows their secrets. But rather, when the creatures transfer from one place, a place is occupied by him and a place is emptied from him, so he does not know in the place which he has come to be, what is occurring in the place in which he used to be. So, as for Allah (azwj) the Magnificence, the Glorious, the King, the Judge. There is no place which is empty from Him (azwj), nor does He (azwj) Occupy a place, nor does a place become closer than Him (azwj) to another place. And He (azwj) is the One Who Sent him (saww) with the Signs, the Decisive, and the clear Proofs, and Aided him (saww) with His (azwj) Help, and Chose him (saww) to deliver His (azwj) Message. We (asws) hereby ratify his (saww) words as being from his (saww) Lord (azwj) Who Sent him (saww), and Made him (saww) speak’. So Ibn Abu Awja arose from him (asws), so he said to his companion, ‘Who cast me in this ocean? I asked you all to take me to seek the enjoyable discussion, but you cast me into the fiery embers’. They said, ‘You were not in his (asws) gathering except as despicable’. He said, ‘He (asws) is a son (asws) from the chieftains of the people, the ones you are looking at’.




حدثنا علي بن أحمد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله بن محمد ابن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال حدثنا القاسم بن ربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان ان أبا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله ان علة الحج الوفادة إلى الله تعالى وطلب الزيادة والخروج من كل ما قترف وليكون تائبا مما مضى مستأنفا لما يستقبل وما فيه من استخراج الاموال وتعب الابدان وحظرها عن الشهوات واللذات والتقرب في العبادة إلى الله عزوجل والخضوع والاستكانة والذل شاخصا في الحر والبرد والامن والخوف دائبا في ذلك دايما وما في ذلك لجميع الخلق من المنافع والرغبة والرهبة إلى الله سبحانه وتعالى ومنه ترك قساوة القلب وخساسة الانفس ونسيان الذكر وانقطاع الرجا والامل وتجديد الحقوق وخطر الانفس عن الفساد ومنفعة من في المشرق والمغرب ومن في البر والبحر ممن يحج وممن لا يحج من تاجر وجالب وبايع ومشتري وكاسب ومسكين وقضاء حوائج أهل الاطراف والمواضع الممكن لهم الاجتماع فيها كذلك ليشهدوا منافع لهم. وعلة فرض الحج مرة واحدة لان الله تعالى وضع الفرائض على ادنى القوم قوة فمن تلك الفرائض الحج المفروض واحد ثم رغب أهل القوة على قدر طاعتهم. حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه الله قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن يعقوب ابن يزيد عن ابن أبي عمير عن أبي جرير القمي عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: الحج فرض على أهل الجدة في كل عام. حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن قال حدثنا أحمد بن ادريس عن محمد بن أحمد عن أحمد ابن محمد عن علي بن مهزيار عن عبد الله بن الحسين الميثمى رفعه إلى أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: ان في كتاب الله تعالى فيما انزل (ولله على الناس حج البيت في كل عام - من استطاع إليه سبيلا).


5. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Bin Muhammad Ibn Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Rabie Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan (asws) Bin Musa Al-Reza (asws) wrote to him in answer to what he had written asking him (asws) of the reason for the Hajj: ‘The delegation to Allah (azwj) the High, and seeking for the increase, and the going out from everything which one has done and repenting from what has passed, resuming to what is to be faced, and what is therein from the extraction of the wealth, and the tiredness of the bodies, and its cautions from the lustful desires, and the pleasures, and the getting closer to Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and the subordination and the submissiveness, and the humbleness of the person in the heat and the cord, and the security and the fear, consistently and forever. And what is in that for the entirety of the people, from the benefits, and the hoping and the dreading to Allah (azwj) Glorious and High, and from it is leaving the hardness of the heart, and nastiness of the selves, and the forgetfulness of the remembrance (of Allah (azwj)), and cutting off of the hope, and the wishes, and the renewal of the rights, and the danger of earning from corrupt ways. And the benefits of the ones who are in the east and the west, and the land and the sea, from the one who performs Hajj and the one who does not perform Hajj, the one who is a business man, and the dealers, and the seller, and the buyer, and the waged and the unwaged, and fulfilment of the needs of the people on the road, and the people of the surrounding areas, and the place in which for people to gather therein. Similar to that, they witness the benefits for them. And reason for the Obligating the Hajj for one time is because Allah (azwj) the High Placed the Obligations upon the lowest of the people in strength. So from these Obligations is the Hajj, being Obligatory once. Then the people of strength wish in accordance to their obedience’. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Yaqoub Ibn Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Abu Jareer Al Qummy, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘The Hajj is Obligatory upon the people of Jeddah in every year’. Ahmad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Idrees, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Ahmad Ibn Muhammad, from Ali Bin Mahziyar, from Abdullah Bin Al Husayn Al Maysami, (It has been narrated) raising it to Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘It has been Revealed in the Book of Allah (azwj) the High with regards to it [3:97] and Pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon the people for the Sake of Allah, in every year -(upon) everyone who is able to undertake the journey to it’.




حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن محمد رحمه الله ومحمد بن أحمد السناني والحسين ابن ابراهيم بن أحمد بن هشام المؤدب قالوا حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله الكوفي عن محمد بن اسماعيل قال حدثنا علي بن العباس عن عمر بن عبد العزيز عن رجل قال حدثنا هشام بن الحكم قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (ع) فقلت له ما العلة التي من أجلها كلف الله العباد الحج والطواف والبيت؟ فقال ان الله تعالى خلق الخلق لا لعلة إلا إنه شاء ففعل فخلقهم إلى وقت مؤجل وأمرهم ونهاهم ما يكون من أمر الطاعة في الدين ومصلحتهم من أمر دنياهم فجعل فيه الاجتماع من المشرق والمغرب ليتعارفوا وليتربح كل قوم من التجارات من بلد إلى بلد ولينتفع بذلك المكارى والجمال ولتعرف آثار رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وتعرف أخباره ويذكر ولا ينسى ولو كان كل قوم انما يتكلون على بلادهم وما فيها هلكوا وخرجت البلاد وسقط الجلب والارباح وعميت الاخبار ولم يقفوا على ذلك فذلك علة الحج.


6. Ali Bin Muhammad narrated to us and Muhammad Bin Ahmad Al Sinany, and Al Husayn Ibn Ibrahim Bin Ahmad Bin Hisham Al Mowdab narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from umar Bin Abdul Aziz, from a man, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws), so I said to him (asws), ‘What is the reason due to which Allah (azwj) Assigned the Hajj for the servant, and the circumambulating of the House (Kabah)?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Allah (azwj) the High Created the creatures, not for a reason except that He (azwj) so Desired it, so He (azwj) Did it. So He (azwj) Created them for a definite term, and Commanded them and Prohibited them from matter pertaining to obedience in the Religion and for the correction of the matters of their world. Thus, He (azwj) Made in it the gathering from the east and the west, in order for them to recognise (each other) and profit (from each other) from the businesses from a city to a city, and to benefit by that the hirers of the camels, and to recognise the effects (Ahadeeth) of Rasool-Allah (saww), and to recognise his (saww) news, and to remember and not forget. And if every people were to rely upon their own cities and what is therein, they would have perished, and they would have gone out from the cities, and their profits would have fallen, and they would have been blind to the news (Ahadeeth), and would not have pondered upon that. So, that is the reason for the Hajj’.




حدثنا علي بن أحمد رحمه الله قال حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد ابن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد ابن سنان ان الرضا (ع) كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة الطواف بالبيت ان الله تبارك وتعالى قال للملائكة اني جاعل في الارض خليفة قالوا أتجعل فيها من يفسد فيها ويسفك الدماء فردوا على الله تبارك وتعالى هذا الجواب فعلموا انهم اذنبوا فندموا فلاذوا بالعرش فاستغفروا فاحب الله تعالى أن يتعبد بمثل ذلك العباد فوضع في السماء الرابعة بيتا بحذاء العرش يسمى الضراح ثم وضع في السماء الدنيا بيتا يسمى البيت المعمور بحذاء الضراح ثم وضع هذا البيت بحذاء البيت المعمور ثم أمر آدم فطاف به فتاب الله عليه وجرى ذلك في ولده إلى يوم القيامة.


7. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Ibn Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Ibn Sinan that Al-Reza (asws) wrote to him in answer to his question of the reason for the Circumambulation of the House: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Said to the Angels [2:30] I am going to Make a Caliph in the earth, they said: Are You going to Make in it one as shall make mischief therein and shed the blood? So they responded to Allah (azwj) with this answer. So they knew that they had sinned. So they were regretful and took shelter by the Throne and sough Forgiveness. So Allah (azwj) Loved that He (azwj) be worshipped by similar to that worship, so He (azwj) Placed a House in the fourth sky, at the base of the Throne called Al-Zaraah. Then He (azwj) Placed a House in the sky of the world, called Bayt Al-Mamoor, at the base of A-Zaraah. Then He (azwj) Placed this House (Kabah) at the base of Bayt Al-Mamoor. Then He (azwj) Commanded Adam (as), so he (as) circumambulated by it. So He (azwj) Turned towards him (as) (Mercifully), and that flowed as a Sunnah in his (as) children up to the Day of Judgement’.




أخبرنا علي بن حاتم قال حدثنا حميد بن زياد قال حدثنا الحسن بن محمد بن سماعة قال حدثنى الحسين بن هاشم عن عبد الله بن مسكان عن أبي حمزة الثمالي قال دخلت على أبي جعفر (ع) وهو جالس على الباب الذي إلى المسجد وهو ينظر إلى الناس يطوفون فقال يا أبا حمزة بما أمروا هؤلاء؟ قال فلم ادر ما أرد عليه قال انما أمروا أن يطوفوا بهذه الاحجار ثم يأتونا فيعلمونا ولا يتهم.


8. Ali Bin Hatim informed us, from Hameed Bin Ziyad, from Al Hassan Bin Muhammad Bin Sama’at, from Al Husayn Bin hashim, from Abdullah Bin Muskan, from Abu Hamza Al Sumaly who said, ‘I went over to Abu Ja’far (asws), and he (asws) was seated at the door leading to the (Sacred) Masjid, and he (asws) was looking at the people circumambulating, so he (asws) said: ‘O Abu Hamza! With what have these (people) been Commanded with?’ He (Abu Hamza) said, ‘I did not know what to respond to him (asws) with. He (asws) said :’But rather, they have been Commanded that they should circumambulate by these stones, then come to us (asws), so they would let us (asws) know of their Wilayah (love) for us (asws)’.