131. The reason due to which the House of Allah (azwj) (Kabah) was named as Al-Haram (The Sacred)

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أبي رحمه الله قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد عن الحسن ابن علي الوشاء عن احمد بن عائذ عن أبي خديجة عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قلت له لم سمي البيت العتيق؟ قال: ان الله عزوجل انزل الحجر الاسود لآدم من الجنة وكان البيت درة بيضاء فرفعه الله إلى السماء وبقي اسه فهو بحيال هذا البيت يدخله كل يوم سبعون الف ملك لا يرجعون إليه ابدا فامر الله ابراهيم واسماعيل يبنيان على القواعد، وإنما سمي البيت العتيق لانه اعتق من الغرق.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hassan Ibn Ali Al Washa, from Ahmad Bin A’aiz, from Abu Khadeeja, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.), said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘Why was the House (Kabah) named as Al-Ateeq (The Emancipated)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Sent down the Black Stone (الحجر الاسود) to Adam (as) from the Paradise; and the House (Kabah) was a white pearl. So Allah (azwj) Raised it to the sky and its name remained. So it is around this House that seventy thousand Angels enter it, not returning to Him (azwj) ever. So Allah (azwj) Commanded Ibrahim (as) and Ismail (as) to build upon its foundations. But rather, the House (Kabah) was named as Al-Ateeq (The Emancipated) because it was emancipated from the drowning (At the time of Prophet Noah (as))’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن احمد بن الوليد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار وأحمد بن ادريس جميعا عن محمد بن أحمد عن يحيى بن عمران الاشعري عن الحسن بن علي عن مروان بن مسلم عن أبي حمزة الثمالي قال: قلت لابي جعفر عليه السلام في المسجد الحرام لاي شئ سماه الله العتيق؟ قال ليس من بيت وضعه الله على وجه الارض إلا له رب وسكان يسكنونه غير هذا البيت فانه لا يسكنه أحد ولا رب له إلا الله وهو الحرام، وقال ان الله خلقه قبل الخلق ثم خلق الله الارض من بعده فدحاها من تحته.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar and Ahmad Bin Idrees both together, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Yahya Bin Imran Al Ashary, from Al Hassan Bin Ali, from Marwan Bin Muslim, from Abu Hamza Al Sumaly who said, ‘I said to Abu Ja’far (a.s.) regarding the Sacred Masjid, for which thing (reason) did Allah (azwj) Name it as Al-Ateeq (The Ancient)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘There is no house which Allah (azwj) Placed upon the earth except that there was a lord for it, and settled who settled in it, apart from this House (Kabah). No one settled in it, nor is there a lord for it except for Allah (azwj), and it is the Sacred’. And he (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Created it before the creatures (people), then Allah (azwj) Created the land from after it, so He (azwj) Spread it from underneath it’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن ابراهيم بن مهزيار عن أخيه عن حماد عن أبان بن عثمان عمن أخبره، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قلت له لم سمي البيت العتيق؟ قال لانه بيت حر عتيق من الناس ولم يملكه احد.


3. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ibrahim Bin Mahziyar, from his brother, from Hamaad, from Aban Bin Usman, from the one who informed him, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.), said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘Why was the House (Kabah) named as Al-Ateeq (The Emancipated)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because it is a free House, emancipated from the people, and no one would own it, ever’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد عن (أبيه) عن علي بن النعمان عن سعيد الاعرج عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال إنما سمي البيت العتيق لانه اعتق من الغرق واعتق الحرم معه، كف عنه الماء.


4. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from his father, from Ali Bin Al Noman, from Saeed Al A’raj, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘But rather, the House (Kabah) was named as Al-Ateeq (the Emancipated), because it was emancipated from the drowning (The flood of Noah (as)), and the Sanctuary was emancipated along with it. The water restrained itself from it’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحسن الطويل، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة، عن ذريح بن يزيد المحاربي عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: ان الله عزوجل اغرق الارض كلها يوم نوح إلا البيت فيومئذ سمي العتيق لانه اعتق يومئذ من الغرق فقلت له: له أصعد إلى السماء؟ فقال لا لم يصل إليه الماء ورفع عنه. حدثنا أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد ابن عيسى عن الحسن بن علي بن فضال عن ثعلبة بن ميمون، عن معاوية بن عمار قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (ع) عن الحطيم؟ فقال: هو ما بين الحجر الاسود وباب البيت، قال: وسألته لم سمي الحطيم؟ قال لان الناس يحطم بعضهم بعضا هنا لك.


5. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Al Taweel, from Abdullah Bin Al Mugheira, from Zareeh Bin Yazeed Al Maharaby, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Drowned the land, all of it, on the day of (the flood of) Noah (as), except for the House (Kabah). So, since that day it is called Al-Ateeq (The Emancipated), because it was emancipated in those days from the drowning’. So I said to him (a.s.), ‘Was it Raised to the sky?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘No, the water did not arrive to it, and was Raised (Kept away) from it’. (باب 141 - العلة التي من أجلها سمى الحطيم حطيما) Chaptr 141 The reason due to which Al-Hateym was named as Al-Hateym My father narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Ibn Isa, from Al-Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazal, from Sa’alba Bin Maymoun, from Muawiya Bin Amaar who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Al-Hateym? So he (a.s.) said: ‘It is in between the Black Stone (الحجر الاسود) and Gate of the House (Kabah)’. He (the narrator) said, ‘And I asked him about Al-Hateym? He (a.s.) said: ‘Because the people squash (يحطم) each other over there’.