11. The reason due to which the recitation is loudly in Al-Zohr Prayer on the day of Friday, and the Prayers of Al-Maghrib, and Al-Isa the last, and the morning, and it is not (to be recited loudly) in Al-Zohr and Al-Asr during the rest of the days; and the reason due to which the Glorification (Tasbeeh) in the two last Cycles came to be preferable than the recitation

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حدثنا حمزة بن محمد العلوي رحمه الله قال: أخبرنا علي بن ابراهيم ابن هاشم عن ابيه عن عي بن معبد عن الحسن بن خالد عن محمد بن حمزة قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام لاي علة يجهر في صلاة الفجر وصلاة المغرب والعشاء الآخرة وسائر الصلوات مثل الظهر والعصر لا يجهر فيها ولاي علة صار التسبيح في الركعتين الاخيرتين أفضل من القراءة؟ قال: لان النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لما أسري به إلى السماء كان أول صلاة فرضها الله عليه صلاة الظهر يوم الجمعة فاضاف الله تعالى إليه الملائكة تصلى خلفه وأمر الله عزوجل نبيه أن يجهر بالقراءة ليبين لهم فضله ثم، افترض عليه العصر ولم يضف إليه أحدا من الملائكة وأمره أن يخفي القراءة لانه لم يكن وراءه أحد ثم افترض عليه المغرب ثم أضاف إليه الملائكة فأمره بالاجهار وكذلك العشاء الآخرة، فلما كان قرب الفجر افترض الاله تعالى عليه الفجر فأمره بالاجهار وليبين للناس فضله كما بين للملائكة فلهذه العلة يجهر فيها، فقلت لاى شئ صار التسبيح في الاخيرتين أفضل من القراءة؟ قال: لانه لما كان في الاخيرتين ذكر ما يظهر من عظمة الله عزوجل فدهش وقال: سبحان الله والحمد الله ولا إله إلا الله والله اكبر فلذلك العلة صار التسبيح أفضل من القراءة.


1. Hamza Bin Muhammad Al Alawy narrated to us, from Ali Bin Ibrahim Ib Hashim, from his father, from Ayy Bin Ma’bad Al Hassan Bin Khalid, from Muhammad Bin Hamza who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘For which reason is loud (recitation) to be in Al-Fajr Prayer, and the Prayers of Al-Maghrib, and Al-Isha the last, and the rest of the Prayers like Al-Zohra and Al-Asr, there is no loud (recitation of Surahs) in these. And for which reason did the Glorification (Tasbeeh) in the two last Cycles come to be preferable that the recitation (of the Surahs)?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because the Prophet (saww), when he (saww) was ascended with to the sky, the first Prayer which Allah (azwj) Obligated upon him (saww) was Al-Zohr Prayer on the day of Friday. So Allah (azwj) Added to him (saww), the Angels to Pray behind him (saww), and Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Commanded His (azwj) Prophet (saww) that he (saww) loud in the recitation in order to manifest its merit to them. Then Allah (azwj) Obligated upon him (saww), Al-Asr, and did not Add anyone from the Angels (to Pray behind him (saww)), and Commanded him (saww) that he (saww) should hide the recitation (lower voice recitation), because there did not happen to be anyone behind him (saww). Then He (azwj) Obligated upon him (saww) Al-Maghrib, then Added the Angels to (Pray behind) him (saww), so He (azwj) Commanded him (saww) for the loudness (in the recitation). And similar to that is Al-Isha the last. So when it was near to the dawn, Allah (azwj) the High Obligated Al-Fajr upon him (saww), so He (azwj) Commanded for the loudness (in the recitation), in order to manifest its merit to the people just as he (saww) had manifested to the Angels beforehand. Thus, this is the reason for the loud (recitation) in it’. So I said, ‘For which reason did the Glorification (Tasbeeh) in the last two Cycles (of Prayer) come to be preferable than the recitation (of the Surahs)?’ He (asws) said: ‘So when you are in the last two (Cycles of Prayer), mention what is apparent from the Greatness of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, so be amazed and say, ‘Glory be to Allah (azwj), and the Praise is for Allah (azwj), and there is no god except for Allah (azwj), and Allah (azwj) is the Greatest’. Thus, due to that is the reason for the Glorification come to be preferable that the recitation (of the Surahs)’.