102. The reason due to which Allah (azwj) Obligated the Fast upon the community of Muhammad (saww) for thirty days, and Obligated upon the previous communities more than that

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حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه، عن عمه محمد بن أبي القاسم، عن أحمد ابن أبي عبد الله عن أبي الحسن علي بن الحسين البرقي عن عبد الله بن جبلة عن معاوية بن عمار عن الحسن بن عبد الله عن آبائه عن جده الحسن بن علي بن أبي طالب (ع) قال: جاء نفر من اليهود إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فسأله أعلمهم عن مسائل فكان فيما سأله ان قال له: لاي شئ فرض الله عزوجل الصوم على أمتك بالنهار ثلاثين يوما وفرض على الامم السالفة اكثر من ذلك؟ فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ان آدم لما أكل من الشجرة بقي في بطنه ثلاثين يوما ففرض الله على ذريته ثلاثين يوما الجوع والعطش والذي يأكلونه تفضل من الله تعالى عليهم وكذلك كان على آدم ففرض الله ذلك على أمتى ثم تلا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله هذه الآية: (كتب عليكم الصيام كما كتب على الذين من قبلكم لعلكم تتقون اياما معدودات) قال اليهودي، صدقت يا محمد فما جزاء من صامها؟ فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ما من مؤمن يصوم شهر رمضان احتسابا إلا أوجب الله سبع خصال أولها يذوب الحرام من جسده، والثانية يقرب من رحمة الله، والثالثة يكون قد كفر خطيئة أبيه آدم (ع)، والرابعة يهون الله عليه سكرات الموت، والخامسة امان من الجوع والعطش يوم القيامة والسادسة يعطيه الله براءة من النار، والسابعة يطعمه الله من طيبات الجنة، قال صدقت يا محمد.


1. Muhammad Bin Ali Al Majaylawiya, from his uncle Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Ahmad Ibn Abu Abdullah, from Abu Al Hassan Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Barqy, from Abdullah bin Jabala, from Muawiya Bin Amaar, from Al Hassan Bin Abdullah, from his forefathers, (It has been narrated) from his grandfather (a.s.) Al-Hassan (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) having said: ‘A number of Jews came to Rasool-Allah (saww). So their scholar asked certain questions, and among what he asked was that he said to him (saww), ‘For which thing did Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Obligated the Fast upon your (saww) community by the day for forty days, and Obligated upon the previous communities more than that?’ So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘When Adam (as) ate from the tree, it remain in his (as) belly for thirty days, so Allah (azwj) Obligated upon his (as) offspring thirty days of hunger and thirst, and that which they are eating is Grace from Allah (azwj) the High upon them. And such was upon Adam (as), so Allah (azwj) Obligated that upon my (saww) community’. Then Rasool-Allah (saww) recited this Verse [2:183] O you who believe! Fasting is Prescribed for you, as it was Prescribed for those before you, so that you may fear [2:184] For a certain number of days’. The Jew said, ‘You (saww) have spoken the truth, O Muhammad (saww). So what is the Recompense of the one who Fasts these?’ So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘There is none from a Believer who Fasts for the Month of Ramazan in anticipation (for the Rewards), except that Allah (azwj) would Obligate upon him seven qualities. The first of these the Forbidden (consumed) would melt from his body; and the second he would get closer to the Mercy of Allah (azwj); and the third it would become an expiation of the error of his father (as) Adam (as); and the fourth Allah (azwj) would Ease for him the pangs of death; and the fifth he would be secure from the hunger and thirst on the Day of Judgement; and the sixth Allah (azwj) would Give him freedom from the Fire; and the seventh Allah (azwj) would Feed him from the nicest (meals) from the Paradise’. He said, ‘You (saww) have spoken the truth, O Muhammad (saww)’.