101. The reason due to which the Fasts were Made to be upon the people

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حدثنا علي بن احمد قال حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله قال حدثنا محمد بن اسماعيل، عن علي بن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف، عن محمد بن سنان، ان أبا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا (ع) كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله علة الصوم لعرفان مس الجوع والعطش ليكون العبد ذليلا مستكينا مأجورا محتسبا صابرا فيكون ذلك دليلا على شدائد الآخرة مع ما فيه من الانكسار له عن الشهوات واعظا له ما في العاجل دليلا على الآجل ليعلم شدة مبلغ ذلك من أهل الفقر والمسكنة في الدنيا والآخرة.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Sinan that Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Bin Musa Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer to his question of the reason for the Fast: ‘In order to recognise the touch of hunger and the thirst, so that the servant would become humble, submissive, Recompensed, reckoning (his own deeds), patient. So that would become evidence upon the difficulties of the Hereafter along with what is therein from the breaking from the desires, and an admonition for him what is in the present, evidencing him of the difficulties which reach the poor and the needy in the world and the Hereafter’.




وعنه قال حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله الكوفي عن البرمكي عن علي بن العباس، عن عمر بن عبد العزيز قال: حدثنا هشام بن الحكم قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (ع) عن علة الصيام قال العلة في الصيام ليستوي به الفقير والغنى وذلك لان الغني لم يكن ليجد مس الجوع فيرحم الفقير لان الغني كلما أراد شيئا قدر عليه فاراد الله أن يسوى بين خلقه وأن يذيق الغني مس الجوع والا لم ليرق على الضعيف ويرحم الجائع - فأجابني بمثل جواب ابيه -.


2. And from him who said, ‘Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy narrated to us, from Al Barmakky, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the reason for the Fasts. He (a.s.) said: ‘The reason for the Fasts is for the equalisation by it of the poor and the rich, and that is because the rich do not happen to find the touch of hunger, so they would be merciful to the poor, because every time a rich person wants something, he has the power over it (to get it). Therefore, Allah (azwj) Intended that He (azwj) should equalise between His (azwj) creatures, and that the rich should taste the touch of hunger or else he would not be pitiful upon the weak and merciful to the hungry’ Thus, he replied to me similar to the answer of his (a.s.) father (a.s.)’.