1. Reasons for the ablution, and the Azaan (Call to the Prayer), and the Prayer

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قال الشيخ الفقيه أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه القمي مصنف هذا الكتاب: حدثنا أبي ومحمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رض) قالا: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد، عن محمد بن أبي عمير ومحمد بن سنان، عن الصباح السدي، وسدير الصيرفي ومحمد بن النعمان مؤمن الطاق، وعمر بن اذينة، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، وحدثنا محمد بن الحسن ابن احمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار وسعد ابن عبد الله قالا: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أبي الخطاب، ويعقوب بن يزيد ومحمد بن عيسى، عن عبد الله بن جبلة، عن الصباح المزني، وسدير الصيرفي ومحمد بن النعمان الاحول، وعمر بن اذينة عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، انهم حضروه فقال: يا عمر بن اذينة ما ترى هذه الناصبة في آذانهم وصلاتهم، فقلت جعلت فداك انهم يقولون ان أي بن كعب الانصاري رآه في النوم فقال كذبوا والله ان الله تبارك وتعالى اعز من أنت يرى في النوم، وقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام ان الله العزيز الجبار عرج بنبيه صلى الله عليه وآله إلى سمائه سبعا اما أولهن فبارك عليه والثانية علمه فيها فرضه فانزل الله العزيز الجبار عليه محملا من نور فيه أربعون نوعا من انواع النور كانت محدقة حول العرش عرشه تبارك وتعالى تغشى أبصار الناظرين أما واحد منها فاصفر فمن أجل ذلك اصفرت الصفرة، وواحد منها أحمر فمن أجل ذلك احمرت الحمرة، وواحد منها أبيض فمن اجل ذلك ابيض البياض، والباقي على عدد سائر ما خلق من الانوار والالوان في ذلك المحمل حلق وسلاسل من فضة فجلس عليه، ثم عرج إلى السماء الدنيا فنفرت الملائكة إلى أطراف السماء ثم خرت سجدا فقالت: سبوح قدوس ربنا ورب الملائكة والروح ما أشبه هذا النور بنور ربنا فقال جبرئيل عليه السلام الله اكبر الله اكبر فسكتت الملائكة وفتحت ابواب السماء واجتمعت الملائكة ثم جاءت فسلمت على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله افواجا ثم قالت يا محمد كيف اخوك؟ قال بخير قالت: فان ادركته فاقرأه منا السلام فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله أتعرفونه؟ فقالوا: كيف لم نعرفه وقد أخذ الله عزوجل ميثاقك وميثاقه منا وانا لنصلي عليك وعليه ثم زاده أربعين نوعا من أنواع النور لا يشبه شئ منه ذلك النور الاول وزاده في محمله حلقا وسلاسل ثم عرج به إلى السماء الثانية فلما قرب من باب السماء تنافرت الملائكة إلى اطراف السماء وخرت سجدا وقالت سبوح قدوس رب الملائكة والروح ما أشبه هذا النور بنور ربنا فقال جبرئيل عليه السلام أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله فاجتمعت الملائكة وفتحت أبواب السماء وقالت: يا جبرئيل من هذا الذي معك؟ فقال هذا محمد صلى الله عليه وآله قالوا وقد بعث؟ قال نعم قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فخرجوا إلى شبه المعانيق فسلموا علي وقالوا: إقرأ أخاك السلام فقلت هل تعرفونه؟ قالوا: نعم وكيف لا نعرفته وقد أخذ الله ميثاقك وميثاقه وميثاق شيعته إلى يوم القيامة علينا وانا لنتصفح وجوه شيعته في كل يوم خمسا يعنون في كل وقت صلاة قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ثم زادني ربي تعالى أربعين نوعا من أنواع النور لا تشبه الانوار الاول وزادني حلقا وسلاسل ثم عرج به إلى السماء الثالثة فنفرت الملائكة إلى اطراف السماء خرجت سجدا وقالت سبوح قدوس رب الملائكة والروح ما هذا النور الذي يشبه نور ربنا، فقال جبرئيل عليه السلام: اشهد أن محمدا رسول الله، أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله فاجتمعت الملائكة وفتحت ابواب السماء وقالت: مرحبا بالاول ومرحبا بالآخر ومرحبا بالحاشر ومرحبا بالناشر، محمد خاتم النبيين وعلى خير الوصيين، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله سلموا علي وسألوني عن علي أخي فقلت هو في الارض خليفتي أو تعرفونه؟ قالوا: نعم وكيف لا نعرفه وقد نحج البيت المعمور في كل سنة مرة وعليه رق أبيض فيه اسم محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وعلي والحسن والحسين والائمة وشيعتهم إلى يوم القيامة وإنا لنبارك على رؤسهم بايدينا، ثم زادني ربى تعالى أربعين نوعا من انواع النور لا تشبه شيئا من تلك الانوار الاول وزادني حلقا وسلاسل ثم عرج بي إلى السماء الرابعة فلم تقل الملائكة شيئا وسمعت دويا كأنه في الصدور واجتمعت الملائكة ففتحت أبواب السماء وخرجت إلى معانيق فقال جبرئيل (ع) حي على الصلاة حي على الصلاة حي على الفلاح حي على الفلاح فقالت الملائكة صوتين مقرونين بمحمد تقوم الصلاة وبعلي الفلاح فقال جبرئيل قد قامت الصلاة قد قامت الصلاة، فقالت الملائكة هي لشيعته اقاموها إلى يوم القيامة، ثم اجتمعت الملائكة فقالوا للنبي أين تركت أخاك وكيف هو؟ فقال لهم: أتعرفونه؟ فقالوا نعم نعرفه وشيعته وهو نور حول عرش الله وان في البيت المعمور لرقا من نور فيه كتاب من نور فيه اسم محمد وعلى الحسن والحسين والائمة وشيعتهم لا يزيد فيهم رجل ولا ينقص منهم رجل انه لميثاقنا الذي أخذ علينا وانه ليقرء علينا في كل يوم جمعة، فسجدت لله شكرا فقال يا محمد ارفع رأسك فرفععت رأسي فإذا أطناب السماء قد خرقت والحجب قد رفعت ثم قال لي طأطئ رأسك وانظر ما ذا ترى فطأطأت رأسي فنظرت إلى بيتكم هذا وحرمكم هذا فإذا هو مثل حرم ذلك البيت يتقابل لو ألقيت شيئا من يدي لم يقع إلا عليه فقال لي يا محمد هذا الحرم وأنت الحرام لكل مثل مثال، ثم ققال لي ربي تعالى يا محمد مد يدك فيتلقاك ماء يسيل من ساق العرش الايمن، فنزل الماء فتلقيته


1. Al Sheykh Al Faqih Abu Ja’far Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn Bin Musa Bin Babuwayh Al Qumyy, the author of this book, said, ‘My father and Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed both narrated o us, from Sa’a Bin Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin Ubeyd, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr and Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al Sabah Al Sady, and Sudeyr Al Sayrafi and Muhammad Bin Al Noman Momin Al Taaq, and Umar Bin Azina, from Abu Abdullah (asws). And Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Ibn Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar and Sa’ad Ibn Abdullah, both from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Abu Al Khatab, and Yaqoub Bin Yazeed and Muhammad Bin Isa, from Abdullah Bin Jabala, from Al Sabah Al Mazny, and Sudeyr Al Sayrafi and Muhammad Bin Al Noman Al Ahowl, and Umar Bin Azina, (The narrator says) some of us were there in the presence of Abu Abdullah (asws), so he (asws) said: ‘O Umar Bin Hazina! What do you see these Nasibis with regards to their Azan and their Prayers?’ So I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws)! They are saying that Ubay Bin Ka’ab, the Helper, saw Him (azwj) in his sleep (a dream) (Detailing the Azan and the Prayers)’. So he (asws) said: ‘They are lying! By Allah (azwj)! Allah (azwj) Blessed and High is more Honourable than you see Him (azwj) in the sleep (dream)’. And Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘Allah (azwj), the Mighty, the Compeller, Ascended His (azwj) Prophet (saww) to His (azwj) seventh sky. As for in the first of these (skies), so He (azwj) Blessed upon him (saww), and at the second, Taught him (saww) his (saww) Obligations therein. So the Mighty, the Compeller Sent down a palanquin of Light, in which were forty types from the types of Lights which used to hover around the Throne, the Throne of the Blessed and the High, overwhelming the visions of the onlookers. As for one of these (Lights), so it was a yellow (Light), thus it is due to it that the yellow gets its yellowness. And one of these was a red (Light), thus it is due to that the red gets it redness. And one of these was a white (Light), thus it is due to that, the white gets its whiteness. And the rest were upon a number of what Allah (azwj) Created from the Lights and the colours. In that palanquin were reins and chains of silver. So he (saww) sat upon it. Then he (saww) was ascended with to the sky of the world, so the Angels alienated themselves to the outskirts of the sky, then fell down prostrate. So they said: ‘Glorious, Holy is our Lord (azwj), and the Lord (azwj) of the Angels and the (Holy) Spirit! How this Light resembles the Light of our Lord (azwj)!’ So Jibraeel (as) said: ‘Allah (azwj) is the Greatest! Allah (azwj) is the Greatest!’ So the Angels were silenced, and the gateways of the sky were opened up, and the Angels gathered around. Then they came over and greeted to the Prophet (saww) in droves. Then they said: ‘O Muhammad (saww)! How is your (saww) brother (asws)?’ He (saww) said: ‘With goodness’. They said: ‘So if you (saww) see him (asws) next, so convey the greetings from us’. So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘Do you recognise him (asws)?’ So they said: ‘How can we not recognise him (asws), and Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Taken your (saww) Covenant and his (asws) Covenant from us, and we have been sending Blessings upon you (saww) and upon him (asws) (ever since)’. Then forty types from the types of Lights were increased, with nothing resembling that from the first types of Lights, and the reins and chains were increased in the palanquin. Then he (saww) was ascended with to the second sky. So when he (saww) came near to the gateway of the sky, the Angels alienated themselves to the outskirts of the sky and fell down prostrate, and said: ‘Glorious, Holy is the Lord (azwj) of the Angels and the (Holy) Spirit! How this Light resembles with the Light of our Lord (azwj)!’ So Jibraeel (as) said: ‘I (as) testify that there is no god except for Allah (azwj)! I (as) testify that there is no god except for Allah (azwj)!’ So the Angels gathered around, and the gateway of the sky was opened up, and they said : ‘O Jibraeel (as)! Who is this one (saww) with you (as)?’ So he (as) said: ‘This is Muhammad (saww)!’ They said: ‘And he (as) has (already) been Sent (to the world)?’ He (as) said: ‘Yes’. Rasool-Allah (as) said: ‘So they all came over to me (saww) in between the curtains, so they greeted me (saww) and said: ‘Convey the greetings to your (saww) brother!’ So I (saww) said: ‘Do you all recognise him (asws)?’ They said: ‘Yes, and how can we not recognise him (asws) and Allah (azwj) has Taken your (saww) Covenant, and his (asws) Covenant, and a Covenant of his (asws) Shias up to the Day of Judgement, against us, and we browse through the faces of his (asws) Shias, in every day, five times’ meaning during every time of the Prayer’. Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Then my (saww) Lord (azwj) Increased for me (saww), forty types from the types of the Light, not resembling the first Lights, and Increased for me (saww) reins and chains (of silver in the Palanquin). Then I (saww) was ascended with to the third sky. So the Angels alienated themselves to the outskirts of the sky, falling down prostrate, and said: ‘Glorious, Holy is Lord (azwj) of the Angels and the (Holy) Spirit! What is this Light which resembles the Light of our Lord (azwj)?’ So Jibraeel (as) said: ‘I (as) testify that Muhammad (saww) is Rasool-Allah (saww)! I (as) testify that Muhammad (saww) is Rasool-Allah (saww)!’ So the Angels gathered around and the gateway of the sky was opened up, and they said: ‘Welcome to the first (of the people), and welcome to the last (of the Prophets (as)), and welcome to the one with whom we will be Resurrected, and welcome to the publisher (of the deeds), Muhammad (saww), the seal of the Prophets (as), and Ali (asws) the best of the successors (as)’. So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘They greeted to me (saww), and asked me (saww) about Ali (asws), my (saww) brother (asws). So I (saww) said: ‘He (asws) is in the earth, as my (saww) Caliph. Do you all recognise him (asws)?’ They said: ‘Yes, and how can we not recognise him (asws), and we perform Hajj of The Oft-Frequented House (Bayt Al-Mamour) once in every year, and upon it is a white parchment in which are the names of Muhammad (saww), and Ali (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws), and the Imams (asws), and their (asws) Shias up to the Day of Judgement, and we attain Blessings by touching our hands upon these (names)’. Then my (saww) Lord (azwj) Increased for me (as) forty types from the types of the Light, not resembling anything from the first Lights, and Increased for me (saww) reins and chains (of silver for the Palanquin). Then I (saww) was ascended with to the fourth sky. The Angels did not say anything and I (saww) heard sounds as if it were in the chests, and the Angels gathered around. So the gateways of the sky were opened, and they came out to the curtains (of the Palanquin). So Jibraeel (as) said: ‘Hasten to the Prayer! Hasten to the Prayer! Hasten to the success! Hasten to the success!’ So the Angels said: ‘Two voices repeated twice. By Muhammad (saww) the Prayer is established, and by Ali (asws) is the success’. So Jibraeel (as) said: ‘The Prayer is established! The Prayer is established!’ So the Angels said: ‘This is for his (asws) Shias who will be establishing it up to the Day of Judgement’. Then the Angels gathered, so they said to the Prophet (saww): ‘Where did you (saww) leave your (saww) brother (asws), and how is he (asws)?’ So he (saww) said to them: ‘Do you all recognise him (asws)?’ So they said: ‘Yes, we do recognise him (asws) and his (asws) Shias, and it is upon a parchment of Light around the Throne of Allah (azwj), and in the Oft-Frequented House (Bayt Al-Mamour), in which is an inscription of Light, in which is the name of Muhammad (saww), and Ali (asws), and Al-Hassan (asws), and Al-Husayn (asws), and the Imams (asws), and their (asws) Shias. Not a man would increase in them, nor would a man decrease from them. It is a Covenant which has been Taken from us, and it is being recited to us during every Friday’. So I (saww) prostrated to Allah (azwj) in gratitude, so He (azwj) Said: “O Muhammad (saww)! Raise your (saww) head”. So I (saww) raised my (saww) head, and I (saww) saw the sky to have been cleft (split) asunder (open) and the Veils to have been Lifted. Then He (azwj) Said to me (saww): “Lower your (saww) head and look at what you (saww) see”. So I (saww) lowered my (saww) head, so I (saww) was looking at this House (Kabah) of yours, and this Sanctuary (Haram) of yours, so it was like the Sanctuary of that House facing it. Had I (saww) thrown anything from my (saww) hand, it would not have fallen anywhere except upon it. So He (azwj) Said to me (saww): “O Muhammad (saww)! This is the sanctuary, and you (saww) are sanctimonious. For every example is an example”. Then my (saww) Lord (azwj) the Exalted Said to me (saww): “O Muhammad (saww)! Extend your (saww) hand, so you (saww) will receive water which flows from the Right Base of the Throne”. So the water descended, and I (saww) received it’.