95. The reason due to which Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Said to His (azwj) Prophet (saww) [10:94] But if you are in doubt as to what We have Revealed to you, ask those who read the Book before you

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حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي (رضي الله عنه)، قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد ابن مسعود، عن أبيه، قال: حدثنا علي بن عبد الله، عن بكر بن صالح، عن أبي الخير، عن محمد بن حسان، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن محمد بن إسماعيل الداري، عن محمد بن سعيد الإذخري- و كان ممن يصحب موسى بن محمد بن علي الرضا (عليه السلام)- أن موسى أخبره، أن يحيى بن أكثم كتب إليه يسأله عن مسائل، فيها: و أخبرني عن قول الله عز و جل: فَإِنْ كُنْتَ فِي شَكٍّ مِمَّا أَنْزَلْنا إِلَيْكَ فَسْئَلِ الَّذِينَ يَقْرَؤُنَ الْكِتابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ من المخاطب‏ بالاية؟ فإن كان المخاطب بها النبي (صلى الله عليه و آله) أليس قد شك فيما أنزل الله عز و جل إليه؟ و إن كان المخاطب غيره فعلى غيره إذن أنزل القرآن؟ قال موسى: فسألت أخي علي بن محمد (عليهما السلام) عن ذلك، فقال: «أما قوله: فَإِنْ كُنْتَ فِي شَكٍّ مِمَّا أَنْزَلْنا إِلَيْكَ فَسْئَلِ الَّذِينَ يَقْرَؤُنَ الْكِتابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فإن المخاطب بذلك رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله)، و لم يكن في شك مما أنزل الله عز و جل، و لكن قالت الجهلة: كيف لا يبعث إلينا نبيا من الملائكة؟ إنه لم يفرق بينه و بين غيره في الاستغناء عن المأكل و المشرب و المشي في الأسواق. فأوحى الله عز و جل إلى نبيه (صلى الله عليه و آله): فَسْئَلِ الَّذِينَ يَقْرَؤُنَ الْكِتابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ بمحضر من الجهلة، هل بعث الله رسولا قبلك إلا و هو يأكل الطعام و يمشي في الأسواق؟ و لك بهم أسوة، و إنما قال: فَإِنْ كُنْتَ فِي شَكٍّ و لم يكن ، و لكن لينصفهم، كما قال له (صلى الله عليه و آله): فَقُلْ تَعالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْناءَنا وَ أَبْناءَكُمْ وَ نِساءَنا وَ نِساءَكُمْ وَ أَنْفُسَنا وَ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكاذِبِينَ و لو قال: تعالوا نبتهل فنجعل لعنة الله عليكم. لم يكونوا يجيبون للمباهلة و قد عرف أن نبيه (صلى الله عليه و آله) مؤد عنه رسالته، و ما هو من الكاذبين، و كذلك عرف النبي (صلى الله عليه و آله) أنه صادق فيما يقول، و لكن أحب أن ينصف من نفسه».


1. Al Muzaffar Bin Ja’far Al Alawy narrated to us, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Ibn Masoud, from his father, from Ali Bin Abdullah, from Bakr Bin Salih, from Abu Al Khayr, from Muhammad Bin Hisan, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Dary, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Saeed Al-Azkhary – and he was from the ones who were the companions of Musa Bin Muhammad Bin Ali Al-Ridha (a.s.) – that Musa informed him that Yahya Bin Aksam wrote to him asking him about a problem, and in it was, ‘And inform me about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [10:94] But if you are in doubt as to what We have Revealed to you, ask those who read the Book before you, who is being Addressed by this Verse? For, if it was the Prophet (saww) who was being Addressed, did he (saww) have doubt in what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic had Revealed unto him (saww)? And if it was someone else, so is it upon someone else that the Quran had been Revealed?’ Musa said, ‘So I asked my brother (a.s.), Ali (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) about that, so he (a.s.) said: ‘As for His (azwj) Words [10:94] But if you are in doubt as to what We have Revealed to you, ask those who read the Book before you, so the one Addressed by that is Rasool-Allah (saww), and it was not the doubt about what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic had Revealed unto him (saww), but the ignoramuses said, ‘How come there has not been Sent to us a Prophet (as) from the Angels?’ They could not differentiate between him (saww) and others with regards to being self-sufficient from the eating, and the drinking, and the walking in the markets. So, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Revealed unto His (azwj) Prophet (saww) ask those who read the Book before you in the presence of the ignorance, ‘Has Allah (azwj) ever Sent a Rasool (as) except that he (as) ate the food, and walked in the markets? And for you (saww) they (as) were examples. But rather, He (azwj) Said [10:94] But if you are in doubt, and did not Say, ‘But in order to do justice to them’, just as He (azwj) Said to him (saww) [3:61] then say: Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our selves and your selves, then imprecate, so let the Curse of Allah be upon the liars. And He (azwj) could have Said: “Come, let us imprecate, so let the Curse of Allah (azwj) be upon the liars”. They (the Christians of Najran) would not have been able to answer to the imprecation and would have recognised that he (saww) is indeed Allah (azwj) Prophet (saww), a performer in accordance with His (azwj) Message, and he (saww) is not from the liars, and thus recognise the Prophet (saww) that he (saww) is a truthful with regards to what he (saww) is saying, but I (azwj) Loved it that he (saww) should do justice from himself’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا الحسين بن الحسن ابن أبان، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن إبراهيم بن عمير رفعه إلى أحدهما في قول الله عز وجل لنبيه صلى الله عليه وآله (فان كنت في شك مما انزلنا اليك فاسأل الذين يقرؤن الكتاب من قبلك) قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لا أشك ولا أسأل.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Al Husayn Bin Al Hassan Bin Abaan, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar, It was asked from the one of the two (5 (th) or 6 (th) Imam (a.s.)) regarding the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic to His (azwj) Prophet (saww) [10:94] But if you are in doubt as to what We have Revealed to you, ask those who read the Book before you. He (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) do not doubt, nor do I (saww) Question’.