94. The reason due to which the Prophet (saww) was named as ‘Muhammad’, and ‘Ahmad’, and ‘Abu Al Qasim’, and ‘Basheer’, and ‘Nazeer’, and ‘Da’aiy’, and ‘Mahiya’, and ‘Aaqib’, and ‘Haashira’, and ‘Aheed’, and ‘Moqafa’, and ‘Maqaba’

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حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا عمي محمد بن أبى القاسم عن احمد بن ابى عبد الله، عن ابى الحسن علي بن الحسين البرقى، عن عبد الله بن جبلة، عن معاوية بن عمار، عن الحسن بن عبد الله بن آبائه عن جده الحسن بن علي بن أبى طالب " ع " قال: جاء نفر من اليهود إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فسأله اعلمهم فيما سأله فقال لاي شئ سميت محمد وأحمد وابا القاسم وبشيرا ونذيرا وداعيا؟ فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله أما محمد فإنى محمود في الارض وأما احمد فإنى محمود في السماء وأما أبو القاسم فإن الله عزوجل يقسم يوم القيامة قسمة النار فمن كفربي من الاولين والآخرين ففى النار ويقسم قسمة الجنة فمن آمن بى واقر بنبوتي ففي الجنة وأما الداعي فإنى أدعوا الناس إلى دين ربى عزوجل وأما النذير فإنى انذر بالنار من عصاني وأما البشير فإنى ابشر بالجنة من أطاعني.


1. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from an uncle of Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Abu Al Hassan Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Barqy, from Abdullah Bin Jabala, from Muawiya, from Amaar, from Al Hassan Bin Abdullah, from his forefathers, (It has been narrated) from his grandfather (asws) Al-Hassan (asws) Bin Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws) having said: ‘There came a number of Jews to Rasool-Allah (saww). So they asked him (saww), and he (saww) let them know with regards to what they had asked him (saww). So (one of them) asked, ‘For which thing (reason) have you (saww) been named as ‘Muhammad’, and ‘Ahmad’, and ‘Abu Al-Qasim’, and ‘Basheer’, and ‘Nazeer’, and ‘Da’aiy’?’ So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘As for ‘Muhammad’, so I (saww) am the praised one in the earth; and as for ‘Ahmad’, so I (saww) am the praised one in the sky; and as for ‘Abu Al-Qasim’, so Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic would Divide the Fire on the Day of Judgement, so the one who rejected me (saww), from the former ones and the later ones, so he would be in the Fire. And He (azwj) would Divide a division of the Paradise, so the one who believe in me (saww), and accepted with my (saww) Prophet-hood, so he would be in the Paradise. And as for ‘Al Da’aiy’, so I (saww) call the people to the Religion of my (saww) Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. And as for ‘Al-Nazeer’, so I (saww) warn of the Fire to the one who disobeys me (saww). And as for ‘Al-Basheer’, so I (saww) give the good news of the Paradise to the one who obeys me (saww)’.




حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن اسحاق الطالقاني رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد بن سعيد الكوفي قال حدثنا علي بن الحسن بن فضال عن أبيه قال سألت ابا الحسن " ع " فقلت له لم كنى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله بابى القاسم؟ فقال لانه كان له ابن يقال له قاسم فكنى به قال فقلت له يابن رسول الله فهل تراني أهلا للزيادة؟ فقال نعم، أنا علمت ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قال: أنا وعلي ابوا هذه الامة قلت بلى، قال اما علمت ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أب لجميع أمته وعلي " ع " فيهم بمنزلته؟ فقلت بلى قال اما علمت ان عليا قاسم الجنة والنار قلت بلى قال فقيل له أبو القاسم لانه أبو قسيم الجنة والنار فقلت له وما معنى ذلك؟ فقال ان شفقة النبي صلى الله عليه وآله على أمته شفقة الآباء على الاولاد وأفضل امته علي " ع " ومن بعده شفقة علي " ع " عليهم كشفقته صلى الله عليه وآله لانه وصيه وخليفته والامام بعده فلذلك قال صلى الله عليه وآله انا وعلى أبوا هذه الامة، وصعد النبي صلى الله عليه وآله المنبر فقال من ترك دينا أو ضياعا فعلي والي، ومن ترك مالا فلورثته فصار بذلك أولى بهم من آبائهم وأمهاتهم وصار أولى بهم منهم بانفسهم وكذلك امير المؤمنين " ع " بعده جرى ذلك له مثل ما جرى لرسول الله صى الله عليه وآله وسلم.


2. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq Al Talaqany narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Saeed Al Kufy, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Bin Fazaal, from his father who said, ‘I asked Abu Al-Hassan (asws), so I said to him (asws), ‘Why was the Prophet (saww) teknonymed with ‘Abu Al-Qasim’?’ So he (asws) said to him: ‘Because he (saww) had a son called ‘Qasim’, thus he (saww) was teknonymed due to him’. He (the narrator) said, ‘So I said to him (asws), ‘O son (asws) of Rasool-Allah (saww)! So do you (asws) see me as one deserving of the increase (in the information)?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Yes. Do you know that Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) and Ali (asws) are the two fathers of this community?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He (asws) said: ‘But, do you know that Rasool-Allah (saww) is the father of the entirety of his (saww) community, and Ali (asws) is among them, is of his (saww) status?’ So I said, ‘Yes’. He (asws) said: ‘But, do you know that Ali (asws) is the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire?’ I said, ‘Yes’. He (asws) said: ‘So he (saww) was referred to as ‘Abu Al-Qasim’ because he (saww) is the father of the Distributor of the Paradise and the Fire’. So I said to him (asws), ‘And what is the meaning of that?’ So he (asws) said: ‘The compassion of the Prophet (saww) upon his (saww) community is that of the compassion of the fathers upon the children, and the best of his (saww) community is Ali (asws). And after him (saww), is the compassion of Ali (asws) upon them, just like his (saww) compassion, because he (asws) is his (saww) successor (asws), and his (saww) Caliph, and the Imam (asws) from after him (saww). Thus, it is due to that, he (saww) said: ‘I (saww) and Ali (asws) are the two fathers of this community’. And the Prophet (saww) ascended the Pulpit and said: ‘The one who leaves debts or losses, so it (responsibility) is upon me (saww) and to me (saww), and the one who leaves wealth, so it is for his inheritors’. Thus, by that he (saww) became closer to them than their own (biological) fathers and mothers, and became closer to them than their own selves. And like that is Amir Al-Momineen (asws) after him (saww). That flowed for him (asws) like what flowed for Rasool-Allah (saww)’.




حدثنا أبو الحسين محمد بن علي بن الشاه قال: حدثنا أبو بكر محمد بن جعفر بن احمد البغدادي بآمد قال: حدثنا ابى قال: حدثنا احمد بن السخت قال حدثنا محمد بن الاسود الوراق عن أيوب بن سليمان عن حفص بن البختري عن محمد بن حميد عن محمد بن المنكدر عن جابر بن عبد الله قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله انا اشبه الناس بآدم وإبراهيم أشبه الناس بى خلقه وخلقه وسماني الله من فوق عرشه عشرة اسماء وبين الله وصفي وبشرني على لسان كل رسول بعثه الله إلى قومه وسماني ونشر في التوراة اسمى وبث ذكري في اهل التوراة والانجيل وعلمني كتابه ورفعني في سمائه وشق لي أسما من اسمائه فسماني محمدا وهو محمود وأخرجني في خير قرن من أمتي وجعل اسمي في التوراة احيد فبالتوحيد حرم اجساد امتي على النار وسماني في الانجيل احمد فانا محمود في اهل السماء وجعل أمتي الحامدين وجعل اسمي في الزبور ماحي محى الله عزوجل بي من الارض وعبادة الاوثان وجعل اسمي في القرآن محمدا فانا محمود في جميع القيامة في فصل القضاء لا يشفع احد غيري وسماني في القيامة حاشرا يحشر الناس على قدمى وسماني الموقف أوقف الناس بين يدي الله عز وجل وسماني العاقب انا عقب النبيين ليس بعدي رسول وجعلني رسول الرحمة ورسول الملاحم والمقتفى قفيت النبيين جماعة وانا المقيم الكامل الجامع ومن علي ربي وقال لي يا محمد صلى الله عليك فقد ارسلت كل رسول إلى أمته بلسانها وارسلتك إلى كل احمر واسود من خلقي ونصرتك بالرعب الذي لم انصر به احدا واحللت لك الغنيمة ولم تحل لاحد قبلك واعطيتك لك ولامتك كنزا من كنوز عرشي فاتحة الكتاب وخاتمة سورة البقرة وجعلت لك ولأمتك الارض كلها مسجداو ترابها طهورا واعطيت لك ولامتك التكبير وقرنت ذكرك بذكري حتى لا يذكرنى احد من امتك إلا ذكرك مع ذكري فطوبى لك يا محمد ولامتك.


3. Abu Al Husayn Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Shah narrated to us, from Abu Bakr Muhammad Bin Ja’far Bin Ahmad Al Baghdady, from his father, from Ahmad Bin Al Sakht, from Muhammad Bin al Aswad Al Waraq, from Ayoub Bin Suleyman, from Hafs Bin Al Bakhtary, from Muhammad Bin Hameed, from Muhammad Bin Am Mankadar, from Jabir Bin Abdullah who said, ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) am the one who resembles Adam (as) the most from the people, and Ibrahim (as) resembles me (saww) the most from the people, in his (as) creation and his (as) manners, and Allah (azwj) has Named me (as) from above His (azwj) Throne with ten names and Described me (saww), and Gave my (saww) glad tidings upon the tongues of every Rasool (saww) that Allah (azwj) Sent to his (as) people, and Named me (saww), and Publicised my (saww) name in the Torah, and Broadcast my (saww) remembrance among the people of the Torah, and the Evangel, and Taught me (saww) His (azwj) Book, and Raised me (saww) to His (azwj) sky. And He (azwj) Endowed for me (saww) a Name from His (azwj) Names, so He (azwj) Named me (saww) as ‘Muhammad’, and He (azwj) is the Praised One, and Raised me (saww) among the best generation of my (saww) communities. And He (azwj) Made my (saww) name to be in the Torah as ‘Aheed’. So, it was due to the Oneness that He (azwj) Forbade the bodies of my (saww) community upon the Fire. And He (azwj) Named me (saww) in the Evangel as ‘Ahmad’. Thus, I (saww) am the praised one among the inhabitants of the sky, and He (azwj) Made my (saww) community to be the praising ones. And He (azwj) Made my (saww) name in the Psalms to be ‘Mahiya’, so Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic would Obliterate (Mahou) the worshipping of the idols from the earth. And He (azwj) Made my (saww) name in the Quran to be ‘Muhammad’, so I (saww) am the praised one among the gathered ones on the Day of Judgement with regards to the Decision and the Judgement. No one would intercede apart from me (saww). And He (azwj) Named me (saww) for the Day of Judgement as ‘Haashira’, the people being crammed to be in front of me (saww). And He (saww) Named me (saww) as ‘Al-Mowqaf’, for I (saww) would be pausing the people in front of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. And He (azwj) Named me (saww) as ‘Al-Aaqib’, (because) I (saww) am the end result of the Prophets, there not being any Rasool (as) to come after me (saww). And He (azwj) Made me (saww) to be the Rasool (saww) of the Mercy, and a Rasool (saww) of the epic (after a long series of Prophets (as)), and ‘Al-Muqtafi’, being similar to the group of the Prophets (as). And I (saww) am ‘Al-Muqeem’, and I (saww) am a fully inclusive resident. And my (saww) Lord (azwj) Favoured upon me (saww) and Said to me (saww): “O Muhammad (saww)! May Blessings be upon you (saww), I (azwj) have Sent every Rasool (as) to his (as) community with its language, and Sent you (saww) to every red one, and black one from My (azwj) creatures, and Helped you (saww) with the awe (wonder) which I (azwj) did not Help anyone (else) with, and Made Permissible for you (saww), the war booty, and have not Made it Permissible to anyone before you (saww) and Given you (saww), for you (saww) and for your (saww) community, a treasure from the treasures of My (azwj) Throne – the Opening of the Book (Surah Al-Fatiha) and the end part of the Surah Al-Baqarah. And I (azwj) have Made the earth, to be for you (saww) and for your (saww) community, all of it, as a Masjid (a place of Prostration), and its dust to be a means of purification. And I (azwj) Gave to you (saww) and to your (saww) community, the Exclamation of Greatness (Takbeer), and Paired your (saww) mention and My (azwj) Mention, to the extent that no one from your (saww) community would mention Me (azwj), except that he would (have to) mention you (saww) along with My (azwj) Mention. So Good News be to you (saww), O Muhammad (saww), and to your (saww) community’.