93. The reason due to which the Prophet (saww) was called ‘Al-Ummy’

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أبى رحمه الله قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن ابن عبد الله محمد بن خالد البرقى عن جعفر بن محمد الصوفى قال: سألت ابا جعفر محمد بن علي الرضا عليهما السلام فقلت يا بن رسول الله لم سمي النبي الامي؟ فقال: ما يقول الناس قلت يزعمون انه انما سمى الامي لانه لم يحسن ان يكتب فقال (عليه السلام): «كذبوا عليهم لعنة الله، أنى ذلك و الله يقول في محكم كتابه: هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُوا عَلَيْهِمْ آياتِهِ وَ يُزَكِّيهِمْ وَ يُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتابَ وَ الْحِكْمَةَ فكيف كان يعلمهم ما لم يحسن؟ و الله لقد كان رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله) يقرأ و يكتب باثنين- أو قال بثلاثة- و سبعين لسانا، و إنما سمي الأمي لأنه كان من أهل مكة، و مكة من أمهات القرى، و ذلك قول الله عز و جل: لِتُنْذِرَ أُمَّ الْقُرى وَ مَنْ حَوْلَها.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Abdullah Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Barqy, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Al Sowfy who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (asws) Muhammad (asws) Bin Ali (asws) Al-Reza (asws), ‘O son (asws) of the Rasool-Allah (saww), why has the Prophet (saww) been called ‘Al-Ummy?’. He (asws) said: ‘What are the people saying?’ I said, ‘They are alleging that he (saww) has been called ‘Al-Ummy’ because he (asws) could not write well.’ He (asws) said: ‘They lie! Upon them be the Curse of Allah (azwj), I (asws) for that, say that Allah (azwj) has Said in the Decisive (Verse) of His (azwj) Book [62:2] He is the One Who Sent among the inhabitants of Mecca a Rasool from among themselves, reciting to them His Communications and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the Wisdom, How does he (saww) teach them whilst not been well learned? By Allah (azwj), the Rasool-Allah (saww) was able to read and write seventy two’ - (or said) - ‘seventy three languages, and He (asws) has been called ‘Al-Ummy’ because he (saww) was from the inhabitants of Mecca, and Mecca is the mother of all towns, and that is in the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [6:92] And that you may warn the mother of towns (أُمَّ الْقُرى) and those around it’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رضى الله عنه قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال حدثنا الحسن بن موسى الخشاب، عن علي بن حسان وعلي بن اسباط وغيره رفعه عن أبى جعفر " ع " قلت ان الناس يزعمون ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لم يكتب ولا يقرأ فقال كذبوا لعنهم الله أنى يكون ذلك وقد يكون وقد قال الله عزوجل (وهو الذي بعث في الاميين رسولا منهم يتلو عليهم آياته ويزكيهم ويعلمهم الكتاب والحكمة وان كانوا من قبل لفى ضلال مبين) فكيف يعلمهم الكتاب والحكمة وليس يحسن ان يقرأ ويكتب، قال قلت فلم سمي النبي الامي قال لانه نسب إلى مكة وذلك قول الله عزوجل لتنذر أم القرى ومن حولها قام القرى مكة فقيل أمي لذلك.


2. And it has been narrated from Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan, from Sa’d Bin Abdullah, from Al-Hassan Bin Musa Al-Khashaab, from Ali Bin Hasaan, and Ali Bin Asbaat, and someone else, with a chain going up to, It was asked from Abu Ja’far (asws) that, ‘The people claim that Rasool-Allah (saww) could not write or read.’ He (asws) said: ‘They lie! Curse of Allah (azwj) be upon them. I (asws) for that say that Allah (azwj) has Said [62:2] He it is Who Sent among the inhabitants of Mecca a Rasool from among themselves, reciting to them His Communications and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the Wisdom, although they were from before in clear error. How did he (saww) teach them the Book and the Wisdom, without being good at reading and writing?’ I said, ‘Why was the Prophet (saww) called ‘Al-Ummy?’ He (asws) said: ‘He (asws) was established in Mecca, and that is the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [6:92] And that you may warn the mother of towns and those around her, and the mother of towns is Mecca. Thus, he (saww) was Referred to as Ummy because of that.’




حدثنا احمد بن محمد بن يحيى العطار رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن عامر عن عبد الرحمان بن أبى نجران عن يحيى بن عمران الحلبي عن ابيه عن أبى عبد الله " ع " قال: سئل عن قول الله عزوجل (وأحى إلى هذا القرآن لا نذركم به ومن بلغ) قال بكل لسان


3. Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Abdullah Bin Aamir, from Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Najran, from Yahya Bin Imran Al Halby, from his father, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having been asked about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [6:19] and this Quran has been Revealed to me that with it I may warn you, and whomsoever it reaches. He (asws) said: ‘By every language’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله بن محمد ابن الحسين بن أبى الخطاب عن شريف بن سابق التفليسي، عن الفضل بن ابى قرة عن أبى عبد الله " ع " في قول يوسف أجعلني على خزائن الارض انى حفيظ عليم، قال حفيظ بما تحت يدي عليم بكل لسان.


4. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah Bin Muhammad Ibn Al Husayn Bin Abu Al Khatab, from Shareef Bin Sabiq Al Tafleysi, from Al Fazal Bin Abu Qarat, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) regarding the words of Yusuf (as) [12:55] He said: Place me (in authority) over the treasures of the land, I am a good keeper, knowing well. He (asws) said: ‘A keeper of whatever was under his (as) hand (control), and a knower of every language’.




حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن اسحاق الطالقاني رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا أبو العباس احمد بن اسحاق الماذرانى بالبصرة قال: حدثنا أبو قلابة عبد الملك بن محمد قال حدثنا غانم بن الحسن السعدي قال: حدثنا مسلم بن خالد المكي عن جعفر ابن محمد عن أبيه عليهما السلام قال: ما أنزل الله تعالى كتابا ولا وحيا إلا بالعربية فكان يقع في مسامع الانبياء عليهما السلام بألسنة قومهم وكان يقع في مسامع نبينا بالعربية فإذا كلم به قومه كلمهم بالعربية فيقع في مسامعهم بلسانهم وكان احدنا لا يخاطب رسول الله باي لسان خاطبه إلا وقع في مسامعه بالعربية كل ذلك يترجم جبرئيل " ع " عنه تشريفا من الله عزوجل له.


5. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq Al Talaqany narrated to us, from Abu Al Abbas Ahmad Bin Is’haq Al Maazarany at Al Basra, from Abu Qalba Abdul Malik Bin Muhammad, from Ghanim Bin Al Hassan Al Sa’ady, from Muslim Bin Khalid Al Makky, from Ja’far Ibn Muhammad (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) did not Send down a Book, nor a Revelation except in Arabic. So it used to occur in the hearing of the Prophets (as) in the language of their (as) people, and it used to occur in the hearing of our Prophet (saww) in Arabic. So whenever they (as) used to speak to their (as) people, did so in Arabic, and it used to occur in their hearings in their own language. And one of us would not address Rasool-Allah (azwj) in whichever language except that it would occur in his (saww) hearing in Arabic. All that was translated by Jibraeel (as) in his (saww) honour, from Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic’.