89. The reason due to which the Determined Ones (Ul Al Azam) were named as ‘The Determined Ones’ (Ul Al Azam)Back to book
أبى رحمه الله عن سعد بن عبد الله بن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن علي ابن الحكم عن المفضل بن صالح بن جابر بن يزيد عن أبى جعفر " ع " في قول الله عزوجل ولقد عهدنا إلى آدم من قبل فنسى ولم نجد له عزما قال عهد إليه في محمد والائمة من بعده فترك ولم يكن له عزم فيهم انهم هكذا وانما سمى أولوا العزم لانهم عهد إليهم في محمد والاوصياء من بعده والمهدي وسيرته فاجمع عزمهم ان ذلك كذلك والاقرار به.
1. My father, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Ibn Hakam, from Al Mufazzal Bin Salih Bin Jabir Bin Yazeed, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) regarding the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [20:115] And We had Given a Covenant to Adam before, but he forgot; and We did not find determination in him. He (a.s.) said: ‘Covenanted with him (as) in regards to Muhammad (saww) and the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww), and there was no determination for him (saww) regarding them (a.s.) that they (a.s.) are like this. But rather, the Determined Ones (Ul Al-Azam) have been named as such because a Covenant was Taken with them in regards to Muhammad (saww) and the successors (a.s.) after him (saww), and Al-Mahdi (a.s.), and his (a.s.) way, so they (as) unanimously agreed that, that is like that, and the acceptance by it’.
حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن اسحاق الطالقاني رضى الله عنهم قال حدثنا احمد بن محمد بن سعيد الهمداني قال حدثنا علي بن الحسن بن فضال عن أبيه عن أبى الحسن الرضا " ع " قال: انما سمى اولوا العزم اولى العزم لانهم كانوا أصحاب العزايم والشرايع وذلك ان كل نبي كان بعد نوح " ع " كان على شريعته ومنهاجه وتابعا لكتابه إلى زمان إبراهيم الخليل " ع " وكل نبي كان في أيام إبراهيم وبعده كان على شريعة إبراهيم ومنهاجه وتابعا لكتابه إلى زمن موسى " ع " وكل نبي كان في زمن موسى " ع " وبعده كان على شريعة موسى ومنهاجه وتابعا لكتابه إى أيام عيسى " " وكل نبي كان في أيام عيسى " ع " وبعده كان على منهاج عيسى وشريعته وتابعا لكتابه إلى زمن نبينا محمد صلى الله عليه وآله فهؤلاء الخمسة هم اولوا العزم وهم أفضل الانبياء والرسل " ع " وشريعة محمد صلى الله عليه وآله لا تنسخ إلى يوم القيامة ولا نبي بعده إلى يوم القيامة فمن ادعى بعد نبينا أو أتى بعد القرآن بكتاب فدمه مباح لكل من سمع ذلك منه.
2. Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Is’haq narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Saeed Al Hamdany, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Bin Fazaal, from his father, Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.) has said: ‘But rather, the Determined Ones (Ul Al-Azam) have been named as ‘The Determined Ones’ (Ul Al-Azam), because they used to be the owners of the Resolutions and the Law, and that is that every Prophet (saww) who was after Noah (as) was upon his (as) Law and his (as) Manifesto and the follower of his (as) Book up until the era of Ibrahim the Friend (as). And a Prophet (as) who was during the days of Ibrahim (as), and after him (as) was upon the Law of Ibrahim (as) and his (as) Manifesto, and a follower of his (as) Book up until the era of Musa (as). And every Prophet (as) during the era of Musa (as) and after him (as) was upon the Law of Musa (as) and his (as) Manifesto, and a follower of his (as) Book up until the days of Isa (as). And every Prophet (as) who was during the days of Isa (as) and after him (as) was upon the Manifesto of Isa (as), and his (as) Law, and a follower of his (as) Book up until the era of our Prophet (saww). Thus, these are the five who are ‘The Determined Ones’ (Ul Al-Azam), and they are the highest of the Prophets (as) and the Rasools (as), and the Law of Muhammad (saww) would not get Abrogated until the Day of Judgement, nor will there be a Prophet (saww) after him (saww) up to the Day of Judgement. So the one who claims (to be a Prophet (as)) after our Prophet (saww), or comes with a Book after the Quran, so his blood is Permissible (to be shed) by everyone who hears that from him’.