87. Reason for the affirmation of the Prophets (as) and the Mursils (as), and reason for the difference in their (as) evidences (Miracles)

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حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن احمد ابن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسين بن علي، عن عمرو بن أبى المقدام، عن اسحاق بن غالب، عن أبى عبد الله " ع " في كلام له يقول فيه: الحمد لله المتحجب بالنور دون خلقه، في الافق الطامح والعز الشامخ والملك الباذخ، فوق كل شئ علا ومن كل شئ دنا فتجلى لخلقه من غير ان يكون يرئ، وهو يرى وهو بالمنظر الاعلى، فاحب الاختصاص بالتوحيد إذا إحتجب بنوره، وسما في علوه واستتر عن خلقه ليكون له الحجة البالغة وابتعث فيهم النبيين مبشرين ومنذرين ليهلك من هلك عن بينة ويحيى من حيى عن بينة وليعقل العباد، عن ربهم ما جهلوا وعرفوه بربوبيته بعدما أنكروا، ويوحدوه بالالهية بعد ماعندوا.


1. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Asffar, from Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Ali, from Amro Bin Abu Al Maqdam, from Is’haq Bin Ghalib, From Abu Abdullah (asws) in a speech of his (asws), saying in it: ‘The Praise is for Allah (azwj), the Veiled by the Light besides His (azwj) creatures, in the high horizons, and the lofty splendour, and the Grand King, Exalted above everything, and near to everything. So His (azwj) Manifestation to His (azwj) creatures is from without being seen, and He (azwj) Sees, and He (azwj) is at the Exalted Station. Thus, He (azwj) Loves the Specialisation in the Oneness when He (azwj) is Veiled by His (azwj) Light, and His (azwj) Towering Elevation and Veiling from His (azwj) creatures in order for the Evident Proof to be for Him (azwj). And He (azwj) Established the Prophets (as), and the Heralds of good news, and warners among them, so that the destroyed one would be destroyed by the proofs, and the revived one would be revived by the proof and it would make sense to the servants, from their Lord (azwj), what they were ignorant of, and they would recognise Him (azwj) by His (azwj) Lordship after what they had denied, and they would accept His (azwj) Oneness after having turned away from it’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن احمد بن الوليد رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن النضر بن سويد، عن عبد الله بن سنان قال: سئل أبو عبد الله " ع " عن قول الله عزوجل: (ولو شاء ربك لجعل الناس أمة واحدة ولا يزالون مختلفين إلا من رحم ربك) ولذلك خلقهم فقال: كانوا أمة واحدة فبعث الله النبيين ليتخذ عليهم الحجة


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Al Waleed narrated to us, from Muhamad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Abdullah Bin Sinan who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) was asked about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [11:118] And if your Lord had so Desired it, He would have Made people as a single nation, and they will not stop differing [11:119] Except for those on whom your Lord has Mercy; and it is for that did He Create them. So he (asws) said: ‘They were one community, so Allah (azwj) Sent the Prophets (asws) in order to take the argument against them’.




حدثنا حمزة بن محمد العلوي قال: أخبرني علي بن ابراهيم، عن أبيه، عن العباس بن عمرو الفقيمي، عن هشام بن الحكم، عن أبى عبد الله " ع " انه قال للزنديق الذي سأله من أين أثبت الرسل والانبياء فقال: انا لما أثبتنا ان لنا خالقا صانعا متعاليا عنا وعن جميع ما خلق وكان ذلك الصانع حكيما متعاليا لم يجز أن يشاهده خلقه ويلامسوه ويباشرهم ويباشروه ويحاجهم ويحاجوه ثبت ان له سفراء في خلقه يعبرون عنه إلى خلقه وعباده ويدلونهم على مصالحهم ومنافعهم وما به بقائهم وفي تركه فنائهم فثبت الآمرون والناهون عن الحكيم العليم في خلقه والمعبرون عنه عزوجل وهم الانبياء وصفوته من خلقه حكماء مؤدبون بالحكمة مبعوثون بها غير مشاركين للناس في شئ من أحوالهم، مؤيدين من عند الحكيم العليم بالحكمة، ثم ثبت ذلك في كل دهر وزمان ما أتت به الرسل والانبياء من الدلايل والبراهين لكيلا تخلو أرض الله من حجة يكون معه علم على صدق مقالته وجواز عدالته.


3. Hamza Bin Muhammad Al Alawy narrated to us, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Al Abbas Bin Amro Al Faqeymi, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said to the atheist who asked him (asws), from where would he (asws) be proving the Mursils (as) and the Prophets (as), so he (asws) said: ‘When we (asws) have proved that there is a Creator for us, a Maker, Exalted from us, and for all that He (azwj) Created, and that Maker is Wise, Exalted, not permissible for the creatures to see Him (azwj) and to feel Him (azwj), and He (azwj) Holds discussion with them and they hold discussions with Him (azwj), and He (azwj) Argues with them and they argue with Him (azwj). It is thereby proved that there are ambassadors for Him (azwj) among His (azwj) creatures, bringing Messages from Him (azwj) to His (azwj) creatures and His (azwj) servants, and pointing them towards their own correctness, and their benefits, and what their remaining would be due to, and what destruction would be for them in its neglect. So, it is proved that the enjoiners and the forbidders (coming) from the Wise, the All-Knowledgeable, are among His (azwj) creatures, and the bringers of the Messages from Him (azwj), the Mighty and Majestic, and they (as) are the Prophets (as), and His (azwj) Elites from His (azwj) creatures, educating with the wisdom, having Sent with it, not association with the people in anything from their conditions, teaching from the Presence of the All-Wise, the All-Knowing, with the wisdom. Then that is affirmed in every time period and era, what the Rasools (as) and the Prophets (as) came with, from the evidences and the proofs, so that the earth of Allah (azwj) would not be devoid of a Proof to be with it, a knower of the truthfulness of His (azwj) Speech and having Reasons for His (azwj) Justice’.




حدثنا علي بن احمد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبى عبد الله الكوفي عن موسى بن عمران، عن عمه الحسين بن يزيد، عن علي بن أبى حمزة، عن أبى بصير عن أبى عبد الله " ع " أنه سأله رجل فقال: لاي شئ بعث الله الانبياء والرسل إلى الناس فقال لئلا يكون للناس على الله حجة من بعد الرسل ولئلا يقولوا ما جائنا من بشير ولا نذير وليكون حجة الله عليهم ألا تسمع الله عزوجل يقول: (حكاية عن خزنة جهنم واحتجاجهم على أهل النار بالانبياء والرسل (ألم يأتكم نذير قالوا بلى قد جائنا نذير فكذبنا وقلنا ما نزل الله من شئ ان انتم إلا في ضلال كبير).


4. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy, from Musa Bin Imran, from his uncle Al Husayn Bin Yazeed, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having been asked by a man, so he said, ‘For which thing did Allah (azwj) Send the Prophets (as) and the Mursils (as) to the people?’ So he (asws) said: ‘So that there would not be an argument for the people against Allah (azwj) from after the Apostles (having been Sent) that perhaps they would be saying, ‘There did not come to us any Herald, nor a warner’, and it would become an Argument of Allah (azwj) against them. Have you not heard Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Saying, Relating from the keeper of Hell, and the pleading of the inhabitants of the Fire, regarding the Prophets (as) and the Rasools (as) [67:8] Did there not come to you a warner? [67:9] They shall say: Yes! Indeed there came to us a warner, but we rejected (him) and said: Allah has not Revealed anything, you are only in a great error’.




أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن أبى عبد الله عن أبيه، عن غير واحد، عن الحسين بن نعيم الصحاف قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام أيكون الرجل مؤمنا قد ثبت له الايمان ينقله الله بعد الايمان ألى الكفر؟ قال ان الله هو العدل وإنما بعث الرسل ليدعوا الناس إلى الايمان بالله ولا يدعوا أحد إلى الكفر، قلت فيكون الرجل كافرا قد ثبت له الكفر عند الله فينقله الله بعد ذلك من الكفر إلى الايمان؟ قال: ان الله عزوجل خلق الناس على الفطرة التي فطرهم الله عليها لا يعرفون أيمانا بشريعة ولا كفرا بجحود ثم ابتعت الله الرسل إليهم يدعونهم إلى الايمان بالله حجة الله عليهم فمنهم من هداه الله ومنهم من لم يهده.


5. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from his father, from someone else, from Al Husayn Bin Naeem Al Sahaaf who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘Can it happen that the Believing man for whom the belief has been affirmed for, Allah (azwj) would Turn him to the disbelief after the belief?’ He (asws) said: ‘Verily, Allah (azwj), He (azwj) is Just. But rather, He (azwj) Sent the Rasools (as) to invite the people to the belief in Allah (azwj), and did not invite anyone to the disbelief’. I said, ‘So, can it happen than the disbelieving man, for whom the disbelief has been affirmed for with Allah (azwj), so Allah (azwj) would Turn him, after that, from the disbelief to the belief?’ He (asws) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Created the people upon the nature which Allah (azwj) has Natured them upon that they neither recognised the belief with a Law, nor disbelief with ingratitude. Then Allah (azwj) Sent the Rasools (as) to them inviting them to the belief in Allah (azwj), as an Argument of Allah (azwj) against them. Thus, among them was one whom Allah (azwj) Guided, and among them was one whom Allah (azwj) did not Guide’.




حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسرور رحمه الله قال حدثنا الحسين بن محمد بن علي قال حدثنا أبو عبد الله السياري عن أبى يعقوب البغدادي قال: قال ابن السكيت لابي الحسن الرضا " ع " لماذا بعث الله عزوجل موسى بن عمران بالعصا ويده البيضاء وآلة السحر وبعث عيسى بالطب وبعث محمدا صلى الله عليه وآله بالكلام والخطب فقال: أبو الحسن " ع " ان الله تبارك وتعالى لما بعث موسى عليه السلام كان الاغلب على أهل عصره السحر فأتاهم من عند الله عزوجل بما لم يكن في وسع القوم مثله وبما أبطل به سحرهم واثبت به الحجة عليهم وان الله تبارك وتعالى بعث عيسى عليه السلام في وقت ظهرت فيه الزمانات وأحتاج الناس إلى الطب فأتاهم من عند الله عزوجل بما لم يكن عندهم مثله وبما احيى لهم الموتى وابرء لهم الاكمه والابرص باذن الله عزوجل واثبت به الحجة عليهم وان الله تبارك وتعالى بعث محمدا صلى الله عليه وآله في وقت كان الاغلب على أهل عصره الخطب والكلام واظنه قال والشعر فأتاهم من كتاب الله عزوجل ومواعظه واحكامه ما أبطل به قولهم واثبت به الحجة عليهم فقال ابن السكيت تالله ما رأيت مثلك اليوم قط فما الحجة على الخلق اليوم فقال " ع " العقل يعرف به الصادق على الله فيصدقه، والكاذب على الله فيكذبه فقال ابن السكيت هذا هو والله الجواب.


6. Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Masroor narrated to us, from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad Bin Ali, from Abu Abdullah Al Sayari, from Abu Yaqoub Al Baghdady who said, ‘Ibn Al-Sakeet said to Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws), ‘Why did Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Send Musa (as) Bin Imran (as) with the (miracles of) the staff, and the white hand, and Miracles of the magic, and Sent Isa (as) with the medicine, and Sent Muhammad (as) with the ‘بالكلام والخطب’ speech and the sermons?’ So Abu Al-Hassan (asws) said: ‘When Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Sent Musa (as), the magic was pre-dominant over the people of his (as) era. So he (as) came to them from the Presence of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic with what the people did not have the happening of something similar to it, and with that he (as) invalidated their magic, and proved by it the argument against them. And that Allah (azwj) Sent Isa (as) during a time in which such diseases had become apparent that the people were needy for the medicine. So he (as) gave to them, from the Presence of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic with that, the similar to it was not with them, and with what he (as) revived for them the dead, and cured the blindness for them, and the leprosy, by the Permission of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and proved the argument against them. And that Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Sent Muhammad (saww) during a time during which the sermons and the speeches and eloquence were pre-dominant over the people, and the poetry. So he (saww) gave to them from the Book of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and its Sermons and its Ordinances, by which their speech was invalidated, and by it he (saww) proved the argument against them’. So Ibn Al-Sakeet said, ‘Exalted is Allah (azwj)! I have not seen the likes of you (asws) today, at all. So what is the Proof over the people today?’ So he (asws) said: ‘The intellect by which the truthful can be recognised so he (asws) (the Proof of Allah (azwj)) can be ratified (approved), and the liar to Allah (azwj), so that he can be belied’. So Ibn Al-Sakeet said, ‘By Allah (azwj)! This is the answer’.