79. Reason for the quickness of understanding and its slowness

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن ابراهيم بن هاشم، عن علي بن معبد، عن الحسين بن خالد، عن اسحاق بن عمار قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام الرجل آتيه اكلمه ببعض كلامي فيعرف كله، ومنهم من آتيه فاكلمه بالكلام فيستوفي كلامي كله ثم يرده علي كما كلمته، ومنهم من آتيه فاكلمه فيقول: أعد علي فقال يا اسحاق: أو ما تدري لم هذا؟ قلت لا، قال الذي تكلمه ببعض كلامك فيعرف كله فذاك من عجنت نطفته بعقله، واما الذي تكلمه فيستوفي كلامك ثم يجيبك على كلامك فذاك الذي ركب عقله في بطن أمه، وأما الذي تكلمه بالكلام فيقول اعد علي، فذاك الذي ركب عقله فيه بعد ما كبر فهو يقول اعد علي.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Ali Bin Ma’bad, from Al Husayn Bin Khalid, from Is’haq Bin Amaar who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘The man comes to me and I speak to him some of my words, so he understands all of it, and among them is one whom I speak with the speech, so he fulfils all of my speech, then returns it to me just as I had spoken to him, and among them is one whom I speak to, so he is saying, ‘Repeat it to me’. So he (asws) said: ‘O Is’haq! Or, do you know why this is (the case)?’ I said, ‘No’. He (asws) said: ‘The one to whom you speak some of your words and he understands all of it, so that is from those whose seed is kneaded with his intellect. And as for those whom you speak so he is loyal to your speech, then answers you upon your words, so that is the whose intellect was composed in the belly of his mother’ And as for those whom you speak to with the speech, so he is saying, ‘Repeat it for me’, so that is the one whose intellect was composed in him after he had grown up, so he is saying, ‘Repeat it for me’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن احمد ابن محمد، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن بعض أصحابه، عن أبى عبد الله " ع " قال: دعامة الانسان العقل، ومن العقل الفطنة والفهم والحفظ والعلم، فإذا كان تأييد عقله من النور كان عالما حافظا ذكيا فطنا فهما، وبالعقل يكمل، وهو دليله ومبصره ومفتاح أمره.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from Ahmad Ibn Muhammad, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from one of his companions, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘The intellect is the pillar of the human being. And it is from the intellect – the insight, and the understanding, and the memorisation, and the knowledge. So if his intellect is supported by the Light, he would be a knowledgeable one, a memoriser, intelligent, visionary, understanding. And it is with the intellect that he is complete, and it evidences his vision, and is the key to his affairs’.