7. The reason due to which the Prophets (as), and the Rasools (as), and the Proofs (Imams (asws)) came to be higher than the Angels

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حدثنا الحسن بن محمد سعيد الهاشمي قال: حدثنا فرات بن إبراهيم ابن فرات الكوفي قال: حدثنا محمد بن احمد بن علي الهمداني قال: حدثني أبو الفضل العباس بن عبد الله البخاري قال: حدثنا محمد بن القاسم بن ابراهيم بن محمد بن عبد الله بن القاسم بن محمد بن أبى بكر قال: حدثنا عبد السلام بن صالح الهروي عن علي بن موسى الرضا عن أبيه موسى بن جعفر عن أبيه جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه محمد بن علي عن أبيه علي بن الحسين عن أبيه الحسين بن علي عن أبيه علي ابن أبى طالب عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ما خلق الله خلقا أفضل مني ولا اكرم عليه منى، قال: علي عليه السلام فقلت يارسول الله فانت أفضل أم جبرئيل فقال يا على، ان الله تبارك وتعالى فضل أنبياءه المرسلين على ملائكته المقربين وفضلني على جميع النيين والمرسلين، والفضل بعدي لك يا علي وللائمة من بعدك، وان الملائكة لخدامنا وخدام محبينا. يا على، الذين يحملون العرش ومن حوله يسبحون بحمد ربهم ويستغفرون للذين آمنوا بولايتنا، يا علي لولا نحن ما خلق الله آدم ولا حواء ولا الجنة ولا النار، ولا السماء ولا الارض، فكيف لا تكون أفضل من الملائكة، وقد سبقناهم إلى معرفة ربنا وتسبيحه وتهليله وتقديسه، لان أول ما خلق الله عزوجل خلق أرواحنا فانطقنا بتوحيده وتحميده، ثم خلق الملائكة فلما شاهدوا أرواحنا نورا واحدا استعظموا أمرنا فسبحنا لتعلم الملائكة إنا خلق مخلوقون، وانه منزه عن صفاتنا، فسبحت الملائكة بتسبيحنا ونزهته عن صفاتنا، فلما شاهدوا عظم شأننا هللنا، لتعلم الملائكة ان لا اله إلا الله وإنا عبيد ولسنا بآلهة يجب ان نعبد معه أو دونه، فقالوا: لا إله إلا الله، فلما شاهدوا كبر محلنا كبرنا لتعلم الملائكة ان الله اكبر من ان ينال عظم المحل إلا به، فلما شاهدوا ما جعله الله لنا من العز والقوة قلنا لاحول ولاقوة إلا بالله لتعلم الملائكة ان لا حول لنا ولا قوة إلا بالله، فلما شاهدوا ما أنعم الله به علينا وأوجبه لنا من فرض الطاعة قلنا الحمد لله لتعلم الملائكة ما يحق لله تعالى ذكره علينا من الحمد على نعمته، فقالت الملائكة: الحمد لله فبنا أهتدو إلى معرفة توحيد الله وتسبيحه وتهليله وتحميده وتمجيده، ثم ان الله تبارك وتعالى خلق آدم فاودعنا صلبة وأمر الملائكة بالسجود له تعظيما لنا واكراما. وكان سجودهم لله عزوجل عبودية ولآدم اكراما وطاعة لكوننا في صلبه، فكيف لا نكون أفضل من الملائكة وقد سجدوا لآدم كلهم أجمعون، وانه لما عرج بى إلى السماء أذن جبرئيل مثنى مثنى، واقام مثنى مثنى، ثم قال لي تقدم يا محمد، فقلت له يا جبرئيل أتقدم عليك؟ فقال: نعم، لان الله تبارك وتعالى فضل أنبياءه على ملائكته أجمعين، وفضلك خاصة. فتقدمت فصليت بهم ولا فخر، فلما انتهيت إلى حجب النور قال لي جبرئيل تقدم يا محمد وتخلف عنى، فقلت يا جبرئيل في مثل هذا الموضع تفارقني؟ فقال يا محمد: ان انتهاء حدى الذي وضعني الله عزوجل فيه إلى هذا المكان فان تجاوزته أحترقت أجنحتي بتعدي حدود ربى جل جلاله فزج بى في النور زجة حتى أنتهيت إلى حيث ما شاء الله من علو ملكة فنوديت يا محمد، فقلت: لبيك ربي وسعد يك تباركت وتعاليت، فنوديت يا محمد أنت عبدي وأنا ربك فإياي فاعبد وعلي فتوكل، فانك نوري في عبادي ورسولي إلى خلقي وحجتي على بريتي، لك ولمن أتبعك خلقت جنتي، ولمن خالفك خلفت ناري، ولاوصيائك أوجبت كرامتي، ولشيعتهم أوجبت ثوابي، فقلت يا رب: ومن أوصيائي، فنوديت يا محمد: أوصياؤك المكتوبون على ساق عرشي، فنظرت وأنا بين يدي ربى جل جلاله إلى ساق العرش فرأيت اثنى عشر نورا، في كل نور سطر أخضر عليه إسم وصي من أوصيائي، أولهم: علي بن أبي طالب، وآخرهم مهدي أمتي، فقلت يا رب هؤلاء أوصيائي من بعدي؟ فنوديت يا محمد هؤلاء أوليائي وأصيائي وحججى بعدك على بريتي وهم أوصياؤك وخلفاؤك وخير خلقي بعدك، وعزتي وجلالى، لاظهرن بهم ديني ولاعلين بهم كلمتي ولاطهرن الارض بآخرهم من أعدائي، ولامكننه مشارق الارض ومغاربها، ولاسخرن له الرياح، ولاذللن له السحاب الصعاب، ولارقينه في الاسباب، ولانصرنه بجندي ولامدنه بملائكتي حتى تعلو دعوتي ويجتمع الخلق على توحيدي، ثم لاديمن ملكه، ولاداولن الاليام بين أوليائي إلى يوم القيامة.


1. Al Hassan Bin Muhammad Saeed Al Hashimy, from Furaat Bin Ibrahim Ibn Furat Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Ali Al Hamdany, from Abu Al Fazal Al Abbas Bin Abdullah Al Bukhary from Muhammad Bin Al Qasim Bin Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Bin Abdullah Bin Al Qasim Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Bakr, from Abdul Salaam Bin Salih Al Harawy, (It has been narrated) from Ali (asws) Bin Musa Al-Reza (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) Musa Bin Ja’far (asws), from his (asws) father (asws), Ja’far (asws) Bin Muhammad (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) Muhammad (asws) Bin Ali (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) Al-Husayn (asws) Bin Ali (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Allah (azwj) has not Created a person higher than me (saww) nor more prestigious to Him (azwj) than me (saww)’. Ali (asws) said: ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! So are you (saww) higher or Jibraeel (as)?’ So he (saww) said: ‘O Ali (asws)! Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Preferred His (azwj) Prophets (as) and the Rasools (as) over the Angels of Proximity, and Preferred me (saww) over the entirety of the Prophets (as) and the Rasools (as), and Preferred you (asws) O Ali (asws), after me (saww), and the Imams (asws) from after you (asws), and that the Angels are our (asws) attendants and the attendants of those who love us (asws)’. O Ali (asws)! The ones who are bearing the Throne and the ones around it are Glorifying with the Praise of their Lord (azwj), and are seeking Forgiveness for the ones who believe in our (asws) Wilayah. O Ali (asws)! Had it not been for us (asws), Allah (azwj) would neither have Created Adam (as), nor Hawwa (as), nor the Paradise, nor the Fire, nor the sky, nor the earth, so how can we (asws) not be higher than the Angels, and we (asws) preceded them to the recognition of our (asws) Lord (azwj), and of Glorifying Him (saww) and the Extollation of His (azwj) Holiness, because the first of what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Created, was the Creation of our (asws) Spirits, so we (asws) spoke of His (azwj) Oneness and with His (azwj) Praise. Then Allah (azwj) Created the Angels. So when they saw our (asws) Spirits as one Light, they magnified our (asws) matter. So we (asws) Glorified in order to teach the Angels that we (asws) are Created creatures, and that Allah (azwj) is far above from our (asws) description. So the Angels Glorified with our (asws) Glorification and refrained from describing us (asws). So when they witnessed the greatness of our (asws) Glory, we (asws) Extolled the Holiness (of Allah (azwj)) to teach the Angels that there is no god except for Allah (azwj), and that we (asws) are servants, and that we are not gods Obligated to be worshipped along with Him (azwj) or besides Him (azwj). So they said, ‘There is no god except for Allah (azwj)’. So when they witnessed the greatness of our (asws) place, we (asws) Exclaimed the Greatness (of Allah (azwj)) in order to teach the Angels that Allah (azwj) is Greater than can be grasped, (there is no greatness) of the place except by Him (azwj). So when they witness what Allah (azwj) has Made for us (asws), from the honour, and the strength, we (asws) said: ‘There is no Might and Strength except with Allah (azwj) in order to teach the Angels that there is no might for us (asws) nor the strength except (that it is) with Allah (azwj). So when they witnessed what Allah (azwj) has Favoured us (asws) with and upon us (asws), and Obligated it to us (asws) from the necessity of the obedience, we (asws) said, ‘The Praise is for Allah (azwj)’, in order to teach the Angels what is rightfully for the Sake of Allah (azwj) Elevated is His (azwj) Mention, upon us from the Praise over His (azwj) Favours. So the Angels said, ‘The Praise is for Allah (azwj)’. Thus, it was by us (asws) that they were Guided to recognising the Oneness (Tawheed) of Allah (azwj), and Glorifying Him (azwj), and Extollation of His (azwj) Holiness, and Praising Him (azwj), and Magnifying Him (azwj). Then Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Created Adam (as), so Deposited us (asws) in his (as) forehead and Commanded the Angels to Prostrate to him (as), in reverence for us (asws), and in our (asws) honour. And their Prostrations were for the Sake of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic as worship, and to Adam (as) for honour and obedience because we (asws) happened to be in his (as) ‘صلبه’ (forehead). So how can we (asws) not be higher than the Angels, and all of them had Prostrated to Adam (as). And when he (as) ascended with me (saww) to the sky, Jibraeel (as) called for the Prayer (Azaan) two by two, and I (saww) stood, two by two. Then he (as) said to me (saww): ‘Proceed, O Muhammad (saww)!’ So I (saww) said to him (as): ‘O Jibraeel (as)! I (saww) preceed over you (as): ‘So he (as) said: ‘Yes, because Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Preferred His (azwj) Prophets (as) over His (azwj) Angels in their entirety, and Preferred you (saww) in particular’. So I (saww) preceded with them (led them in Prayer), but without taking pride’. So when I (saww) ended up to the Veil of Light, Jibraeel (as) said to me (saww): ‘Proceed, O Muhammad (saww), and leave me (as) behind’. So I (saww) said: ‘O Jibraeel (as)! You (as) are separating from me in a place like this?’ So he (as) said: ‘O Muhammad (saww)! I (as) have ended up to my (as) limit which Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Imposed upon me (as), up to this place, so if I (as) were to exceed it, my (as) two wings would be incinerated due to my (as) transgression of the Limits of my (as) Lord (azwj) Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty. So I (saww) was jolted in the Light by a jolt until I (saww) ended up to where Allah (azwj) so Desired it, from the High Kingdom. So Allah (azwj) Called out: “O Muhammad (saww)! So I said, ‘Here I (saww) am, my (saww) Lord (azwj), and Master, at Your (azwj) service, Blessed and risen’. So Allah (azwj) Called out: “O Muhammad (saww)! You (saww) are My (azwj) servant, and I (azwj) am your (saww) Lord (azwj), therefore it is Me (azwj) that you should worship, and upon Me (azwj) should you (saww) rely, for you (saww) are My (azwj) Light among My (azwj) servants, and My (azwj) Rasool (saww) to My (azwj) creatures, and My (azwj) Proof upon My (azwj) entire creation. For you (saww) and for the one who follows you (saww), I (azwj) Created My (azwj) Paradise, and for the one who opposed you (azwj), I (azwj) Created My (azwj) Fire. And for your (saww) successors (asws) I (saww) have Obligated My (azwj) Prestige, and for their (asws) Shias I (azwj) Obligated My (azwj) Rewards”. So I (saww) said: ‘And who are my (saww) successors (asws)?’ So Allah (azwj) Called out: “O Muhammad (saww)! Your (saww) successors (as) (i.e.) their (asws) names are Inscribed upon the Base of the Throne”. So I (saww) looked, and I (saww) was in front of my (saww) Lord (azwj) Majestic is His (azwj) Majesty, towards the Base of the Throne, so I (saww) saw twelve Lights, in each Light there being a green veil over it, name of my (saww) successor (asws), from my (saww) successors (asws). The first of them was Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws), and the last of them was of the Mahdi (asws) of my (saww) community. So I (saww) said: ‘O my (saww) Lord (azwj)! They (asws) are my (saww) successors (asws) from after me (saww)?’ So Allah (azwj) Called out: “O Muhammad (saww)! They (asws) are My (azwj) Guardians, and My (azwj) Trustees, and My (azwj) Proofs after you (saww) over My (azwj) creatures, and they (asws) are your (saww) successors (asws), and your (saww) Caliphs, and the best of My (azwj) creatures after you (saww). And by My (azwj) Honour and My (azwj) Majesty, and it is by them (asws) that I (saww) shall Cause to Prevail My (azwj) Religion, and Announce My (azwj) Words, and Purify the earth from My (azwj) enemies by their (asws) last one. I (azwj) shall Enable him (asws) over the east of the earth and its west, and Make the wind to be subservient to him (asws), and Humble for him (asws) the clouds and the difficulties, and Promote for him (asws) the causes, and Help him (asws) with My (azwj) armies, and Support him (asws) with My (azwj) Angels until My (azwj) Call is the highest and the creatures gather over My (azwj) Oneness. Then I (azwj) Shall Make his (asws) kingdom to prevail, and remain among My (azwj) Guardians (asws) up to the Day of Judgement’.




حدثنا علي بن احمد بن عبد الله البرقى قال: حدثني أبى، عن جده احمد ابن أبي عبد الله، عن أبيه عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن عمرو بن جميع عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام قال: كان جبرئيل إذا أتى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله قعد بين يده قعده العبد، وكان لا يدخل حتى يستأذنه.


2. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Abdullah Al Barqy narrated to us, from his father, from his grandfather Ibn Abu Abdullah, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Amro Bin Jami’e, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘Whenever Jibraeel (as) used to come to the Prophet (saww), sat in front of him (saww) with the sitting of the slave, and never used to enter until he (as) was permitted to do so’.




حدثنا أحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي ابن ابراهيم بن هاشم عن أبيه عن احمد بن محمد بن أبى نصر البزنطي ومحمد بن أبى عمير جميعا عن ابان عثمان عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام قال: لما كان يوم أحد انهزم أصحاب رسول الله حتى لم يبق معه إلا علي بن أبي طالب " عليه السلام " وأبو دجانة سماك بن خرشة، فقال له النبي صلى الله عليه وآله يا أبا دجانة، أما ترى قومك، قال بلي قال: إلحق بقومك، قال: ما على هذا بايعت الله ورسوله قال: أنت في حل قال: والله لا تتحدث قريش بانى خذلتك وفررت حتى أذوق ما تذوق فجزاه النبي خيرا وكان علي عليه السلام كلما حملت طائفة على رسول الله استقبلهم وردهم حتى اكثر فيهم القتل والجراحات حتى انكسر سيفه فجاء الى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم فقال يارسول الله ان الرجل يقاتل بسلاحه وقد انكسر سيفي فاعطاه عليه السلام سيفه ذالفقار، فما زال يدفع به عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله حتى أثر وانكسر فنزل عليه جبرئيل وقال: يا محمد، ان هذه لهي المواسات من علي لك، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله انه مني وأنا منه، فنزل عليه جبرئيل وقال: يا محمد، ان هذه لهي المواسات من علي لك، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله انه مني وأنا منه، فقال جبرئيل وأنا منكما. وسمعوا دويا من السماء لا سيف إلا ذو الفقار ولا فتى إلا على. حدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبدوس العطار النيسابوري رحمه الله قال: حدثنا علي بن محمد بن قتيبة قال: حدثنا الفضل بن شاذان. عن ابن أبي عمير عن هشام بن سالم عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام قال: لما أسرى برسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وحضرت الصلاة إذن جبرئيل وأقام الصلاة، فقال يا محمد تقدم، فقال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله تقدم يا جبرئيل، فقال له: إنا لانتقدم على الآدميين منذ أمرنا بالسجود لآدم.


3. Ahmad Bin Ziyad Bin Ja’far Al Hamdany narrated to us, from Ali Ibn Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from his father, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr Al Bazanty and Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr together, from Aban Usman, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘When it was the Day of (battle of) Ohad, the companions of Rasool-Allah (saww) fled to the extent that there did not remain with him (asws) anyone except for Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws), and Abu Dajjana Samaak Bin Kharsha. So the Prophet (saww) said to him: ‘O Abu Dajjana! But, did you not see your people?’ He said, ‘Yes’. Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Attach yourself with your people’. He said, ‘It was not upon this that I pledged allegiance to Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Rasool (saww)’. Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘You are is a free (state to go)’. He said, ‘By Allah (azwj)! The Qureysh will not narrate about me that I abandoned you (saww) and fled, until I taste what you (saww) taste’. So the Prophet (saww) bade him well, and Ali (asws), every time a group attacked Rasool-Allah (saww), faced them and repulsed them until most of them were killed, wounded, until his (asws) sword broke, so Ali (asws) came to the Prophet (saww) and greeted: ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! The man fights with his sword, and my (asws) sword is broken. So Rasool-Allah (saww) gave him (asws) his (saww) sword Zulfiqar. So Ali (asws) did not cease to defend Rasool-Allah (saww) with it until he (asws) made them flee and cut them down’. So Jibraeel (as) descended unto him (saww) and said: ‘O Muhammad (saww)! This here is the affection from Ali (asws) for you (saww)’. So the Prophet (saww) said: ‘Ali (asws) is from me (saww) and I (saww) from him (asws)’. So Jibraeel (as) said: ‘And I (as) from you (asws) both’. And a boom was heard from the sky: “There is sword except for Zulfiqar and there is no Believer except for Ali (asws)”. Abdul Wahid Bin Muhammad Bin Abdous Al Ataar Al Neyshapouri, from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Quteyba, from Al Fazal Bin Shazaan, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Salim, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘When Rasool-Allah (saww) went on Ascension (Mi’raaj) and the Prayer presented itself, Jibraeel (as) called (Azaan) and established the Prayer (Iqaama). So he (as) said: ‘O Muhammad (saww)! Proceed’. So Rasool-Allah (saww) said to him (as): ‘Proceed, O Jibraeel (as)’. So he (as) said to him (saww): ‘We (Angels) do not proceed over the Children of Adam (as) since we were Commanded to Prostrate to Adam (as)’.




حدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبد الوهاب القرشي قال: أخبرنا أحمد ابن الفضل قال حدثنا منصور بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا الحسن بن مهزيار قال: حدثنا أحمد بن ابراهيم العوفي قال: حدثنا احمد بن الحكم البراجمي قال: حدثنا شريك بن عبد الله، عن أبى وقاص العامري عن محمد بن عمار ابن ياسر، عن أبيه قال: سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وآله يقول ان حافظي علي بن أبي طالب ليفتخران على جميع الحفظة لكينونتهما مع علي وذلك انهما لم يصعد إلى ا لله تعالى بشئ منه يسخط الله تبارك وتعالى.


4. Abdul Wahid Bin Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab Al Qarshy narrated to us, from Ahmad Ibn Al Fazal, from Mansour Bin Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Abdullah, from Al Hassan Bin Mahziyar, from Ahmad Bin Ibrahim Al Awfy, from Ahmad Bin Al Hakam Al Barajmy, from Shareek Bin Abdullah, from Abu Waqas Al Aamiry, from Muhammad Bin Amar Ibn Yaaser, from his father who said, ‘I heard the Prophet (saww) saying: ‘The two keepers (Recording Angels) of Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws) are priding over the entirety of the Recording Angels for being with Ali (asws), and that is due to that they have never ascended to the sky with anything which Angers Allah (azwj) Blessed and High’.