6. The reason due to which there came to be among the people ones who were better than the Angels, and there came to be among them ones who were more evil than the animals

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن على ابن الحكم عن عبد الله بن سنان قال: سألت أبا عبد الله جعفر بن محمد الصادق عليهما السلام فقلت الملائكة أفضل أم بنو آدم؟ فقال: قال أمير المؤمنين علي ابن أبى طالب " ع ": ان الله عزوجل ركب في الملائكة عقلا بلا شهوة، وركب في البهائم شهوة بلا عقل. وركب في بني آدم كليهما، فمن غلب عقله شهوته فهو خير من الملائكة، ومن غلبت شهوته عقله فهو شر من البهائم.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Ibn Al Hakam, from Abdullah Bin Sinan who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.), so I said, ‘Are the Angels higher or the Children of Adam (as)?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Amir Al-Momineen Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Made to be the Angels, intellect without (lustful) desires, and Made to be in the animals, (lustful) desires without intellect, and Made to be in the Children of Adam (as), both of these. So the one whose intellect overcomes his desires, so he is better than the Angels, and the one whose desires overcome his intellect, so he is more evil than the animals’.