56. The reason due to which the Prophet Ayoub (as) was Tested

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حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه رضى الله عنه، عن عمه محمد بن أبى القاسم عن احمد بن أبى عبد الله، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبى عمير، عن أبى أيوب، عن أبى بصير، عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إنما كانت بلية أيوب التى ابتلى بها في الدنيا لنعمة انعم الله بها عليه فادى شكرها، وكان إبليس في ذلك الزمان لا يحجب دون العرش فلما صعد عمل أيوب باداء شكر النعمة حسده إبليس فقال: يا رب ان أيوب لم يؤد شكر هذه النعمة إلا بما أعطيته من الدنيا فلو حلت بينه وبين دنياه ما ادى اليك شكر نعمة فسلطني على دنياه حتى تعلم انه لايؤدي شكر نعمة فقال قد سلطتك على دنياه فلم يدع له دنيا ولا ولدا إلا أهلكه كل ذلك وهو يحمد الله تعالى ثم رجع إليه فقال يا رب ان أيوب يعلم انك سترد إليه دنياه التي أخذتها منه فسلطني على بدنه حتى تعلم انه لايؤدي شكر نعمة، قال عزوجل: قد سلطتك على بدنه ما عدا عينيه وقلبه ولسانه وسمعه. فقال أبو بصير: قال أبو عبد الله " ع " فانقض مبادرا خشية ان تدركه رحمة الله عزوجل فتحول بينه وبينه فنفخ في منخريه من نار السموم فصار جسده نقطا نقطا. فقال: قد سلطتك على دنياه. فلم يدع له دنيا، و لا ولدا إلا أهلكه، كل ذلك و هو يحمد الله عز و جل، ثم رجع إليه، فقال: يا رب إن أيوب يعلم أنك سترد عليه دنياه، التي أخذتها منه، فسلطني على بدنه حتى تعلم أنه لا يؤدي شكر نعمة. قال الله عز و جل: قد سلطتك على بدنه ما عدا عينيه، و قلبه، و لسانه، و سمعه».


1. Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya narrated to us, from his uncle Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Abu Ayoub, from Abu Baseer, From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘But rather, the affliction of Ayoub which he (as) was afflicted with in the world was for the Bounties which Allah (azwj) had Favoured him (as) with, so he (as) left its appreciation. And Iblees (la) during that era was not veiled, underneath the Throne. So when the deeds of Ayoub (as) ascended due to his (as) appreciation for it, Iblees (la) envied him (as), so he (la) said, ‘O Lord (azwj)! Ayoub (as) did not fulfill appreciating for these Bounties except for You (azwj) having Favoured him (as) with what You (azwj) have Given to him (as) in the world. If You (azwj) were to dissolve between him (as) and his (as) world, he (as) would not show appreciation for the Bounties. So let me (la) overcome his (as) world until You (azwj) Know that he (as) does not show appreciation for Your (azwj) Bounties’. So Allah (azwj) Said: “You (la) can overcome upon his (as) world”. So he (la) did not leave for him (as) his (as) world, nor children except that he (la) destroyed it. All that (was taking place) and he (as) was Praising Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. Then he (la) returned to Him (azwj), so he (la) said, ‘O Lord (azwj)! Surely, Ayoub (as) knows that You (azwj) will be Returning to him (as) his (as) world which I (la) have taken away from him (as), so let me (la) overcome his (as) body until You (azwj) Know that he (as) would not leave appreciation for the Bounties’. Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Said: “You (la) can overcome over his (as) body, except for his (as) eyes, and his (as) heart, and his (as) tongues, and his (as) hearing”.




حدثنا أبى رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسن بن علي الوشاء، عن درست الواسطي قال: قال أبو عبد الله " ع " ان أيوب ابتلي من غير ذنب.


2. My father narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Al Washa, from Darast Al Wasity who said, ‘Ayoub (as) was afflicted (although) he (as) had not sinned’.




وبهذا الاسناد، عن الحسن بن علي الوشاء، عن فضل الاشعري، عن الحسين بن المختار عن أبى بصير عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام قال ابتلى أيوب عليه السلام سبع سنين بلا ذنب.


3. And by this chain, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Al Washa, from Fazal Al Ashary, from Al Husayn Bin Al Mukhtar, from Abu baser, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Ayoub (as) was afflicted for seven years, without having sinned’.




وبهذا الاسناد عن الحسين بن علي الوشاء، عن فضل الاشعري، عن الحسن بن الربيع بن علي الربعي عمن ذكره عن أبى عبد الله " ع " قال: ان الله تبارك وتعالى ابتلى أيوب " ع " بلا ذنب فصبر حتى عير وان الانبياء لا يصبرون على التعيير.


4. And by this chain, from Al Husayn Bin Ali Al Washa, from Fazal Al Ashary, from Al Hassan Bin Al Rabie Bin Ali Al Rabi’e, from the one who mentioned it, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Afflicted Ayoub (as) without him (as) having sinned. So he (as) remained patient until he (as) was stigmatised, and the Prophets (as) are not patient upon the stigmatisation’.




حدثنا أبى رضى الله عنه قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن أبى عبد الله البرقى عن أبيه عن عبد الله بن يحيى البصري عن عبد الله بن مسكان عن أبى بصير قال سألت ابا الحسن الماضي " ع " عن بلية أيوب التي ابتلى بها في الدنيا لاية علة كانت؟ قال: لنعمة انعم الله عليه بها في الدنيا فادى شكرها وكان في ذلك الزمان لا يحجب إبليس دون العرش فلما صعد اداء شكر نعمة أيوب حسده إبليس فقال: يا رب ان أيوب لم يؤد اليك شكر هذه النعمة إلا بما اعطيته من الدنيا ولو حرمته دنياه ما ادى اليك شكر نعمة ابدا قال: فقيل انى قد سلطتك على ماله وولده قال: فانحدر إبليس فلم يبق له مالا ولا ولدا اعطيه فلما رأى إبليس انه لا يصل إلى شئ من أمره قال: يا رب ان أيوب يعلم انك سترد عليه دنياه التي اخذتها منه فسلطني عل بدنه قال: فقيل له انى قد سلطتك على بدنه ماخلا قلبه ولسانه وعينيه وسمعه قال فانحدر إبليس مستعجلا مخافة ان تدركه رحمة الرب عزوجل فتحول بينه وبين أيوب فلما اشتد به البلاء وكان في آخر بليته جاءه أصحابه فقالوا له: يا أيوب ما نعلم احدا ابتلى بمثل هذه البلية إلا لسريرة سوء فعلك اسررت سوء في الذي تبدي لنا قال: فعند ذلك ناجي أيوب ربه عزوجل، فقال رب ابتليتني بهذه البلية وأنت تعلم انه لم يعرض لي أمران قط إلا لزمت أخشنهما على بدنى ولم آكل اكلة قط إلا وعلى خوانى يتيم فلو ان لي منك مقعد الخصم لادليت بحجتي قال فعرضت له سحابة فنطق فيها ناطق فقال: يا أيوب ادل بحجتك قال: فشد عليه مئزره وجثا على ركبتيه فقال ابتليتني بهذه البلية وأنت تعلم انه لم يعرض لي أمران قط إلا لزمت اخشنهما على بدنى، ولم آكل أكلة من طعام إلا وعلى خوانى يتيم قال: فقيل له يا أيوب من حبب اليك الطاعة قال فاخذ كفا من تراب فوضعه في فيه ثم قال أنت يا رب.


5. My father narrated to us, from Sa’ad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Barqy, from his father, from Abdullah Bin Yahya Al Basry, from Abdullah Bin Muskan, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ma’azy (7 (th) Imam (a.s.)) about the afflictions of Ayoub (as) which he (as) had been afflicted with in the world, for which reason was it?’ The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘For the Bounties which Allah (azwj) had Favoured him (as) with in the world. So he (as) fulfilled its appreciation, and during that era Iblees (la) was not Veiled beneath the Throne. So when the fulfilment of the thankfulness of Ayoub (as) ascended, Iblees (la) envied him (as). So he (la) said, ‘O Lord (azwj)! Ayoub (as) does not fulfil to You (azwj) the thankfulness of these Bounties except due to what You (azwj) have Given him (as) from the world. And if his (as) world (Bounties) were Prohibited unto him (as), he (as) would not be thankful to You (azwj), ever’. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘It was Said: “You (la) are hereby (allowed) to overcome upon his (as) wealth and his (as) children”. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘So Iblees (la) caused his (as) affairs to decline, and there did not remain for him any wealth, nor a child Given to him (as). So when Iblees (la) saw that he (as) was not rattled in any of his (as) affairs, he (la) said, ‘O Lord (azwj)! Ayoub (as) knows that You (azwj) would Return back to him (as) his (as) world (Bounties) which I (la) have taken away from him (as). There let me (la) to overcome upon his (as) body’. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘It was Said: “You (la) are hereby (allowed) to overcome upon his (as) body, except for his (as) heart, and his (as) tongues, and his (as) eyes, and his (as) hearing”. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘So Iblees (la) caused his (as) affairs to decline in a haste, fearing lest he (as) would realise the Mercy of the Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic to change the situation in between him (la) and Ayoub (as). So when the afflictions intensified with him (as), and he (as) was at the end of his (as) affliction, his (as) companions came over to him (as) and said to him (as), ‘O Ayoub (as)! We do not know anyone to have been afflicted with the like of these affliction except due to the secret evil (deeds) which are hidden from us’. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘Thus, it was during that, that Ayoub (as) whispered to his (as) Lord (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So he (as) said: ‘Lord (azwj)! You (azwj) have Afflicted me (as) with these afflictions, and You (azwj) Know that there does not present to me two matters at all except that I (as) necessitate for myself (as) the harsher of the two upon my (as) body, and I (as) do not eat a meal at all except that upon my (as) table-spread is an orphan. So, if there was for me a sitting for the dispute, I (as) would (present) evidence with my (as) arguments’. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘A cloud presented itself to him (as) and a speaker in it spoke, saying: ‘O Ayoub (as)! (Present) evidence with your (as) arguments’. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘So he (as) pulled his (as) robe and fell down upon his (as) knees, so he (as) said: ‘You (azwj) have Afflicted me (as) with these affliction, and You (azwj) Know that, there does not present to me (as) two matters at all except that I (as) necessited the harsher of the two upon my (as) body, and I (as) do not eat a meal except that upon my (as) table spread is an orphan’. The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘It was Said to him (as): “O Ayoub (as)! Who Endowed the obedience to you (as)?” The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘So he (as) took a handful of dust and placed it in his (as) mouth, then said: ‘You (azwj), O Lord (azwj)!