55. The reason due to which the termites come to be wherever there is water and clay

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حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسعود، عن أبيه قال: حدثنا محمد بن نصير، عن احمد بن محمد عن العباس بن معروف عن علي بن مهزيار، عن احمد بن محمد بن أبى نصر البزنطي وفضالة، عن أبان، عن أبى بصير، عن أبي جعفر " ع " قال: ان الجن شكروا الارضة ما صنعت بعصا سليمان فما تكاد تراها في مكان إلا وعندها ماء وطين.


1. Al Muzaffar Bin Ja’far Bin Al Muzaffar Al Alawy narrated to us, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Masoud, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Nusayr, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Ali Bin Mahziyar, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr Al Bazanty and Fazalat, from Aban, from Abu Baseer, Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said: ‘The Jinn went to thank the termite for what it had done with the staff of Suleyman (as), but they did not see it in the place except that there was water and clay’.




حدثنا احمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي ابن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن علي بن معبد، عن الحسين بن خالد، عن أبى الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا " ع " عن أبيه موسى بن جعفر، عن أبيه جعفر بن محمد عليه السلام قال ان سليمان بن داود " ع " قال ذات يوم لاصحابه ان الله تبارك وتعالى: قد وهب لي ملكا لا ينبغي لاحد من بعدي، سخر لي الريح والانس الجن والطير والوحوش، وعلمني منطق الطير، وآتاني من كل شئ، ومع جميع ما اوتيت من الملك ما تم سروري يوم الى الليل، وقد أحببت أن أدخل قصري في غد فاصعد أعلاه وأنظر إلى ممالكي فلا تأذنوا لاحد علي لئلا يرد علي ما ينغص علي يومى فقالوا: نعم، فلما كان من الغد أخذ عصاه بيده وصعد إلى أعلا موضع من قصره ووقف متكيا على عصاه ينظر إلى ممالكه مسرورا بما اوتى، فرحا بما أعطي إذ نظر إلى شاب حسن الوجه واللباس قد خرج عليه من بعض زوايا قصره فلما أبصره سليمان قال له: من أدخلك إلى هذا القصر وقد أردت أن أخلو فيه اليوم: وباذن من دخلت؟ قال الشاب: ادخلني هذا القصر ربه، وباذنه دخلت فقال: ربه أحق به مني فمن أنت؟ قال أناملك الموت قال: وفيما جئت؟ قال: جئت لاقبض روحك، قال: أمض لما أمرت به فهذا يوم سروري، وأبى الله عز وجل ان يكون لي سرور دون لقائه. فقبض ملك الموت روحه وهو متكئ على عصاه، فبقى سليمان متكيا على عصاه وهو ميت ما شاء الله والناس ينظرون إليه وهم يقدرون انه حي فافتتنوا فيه واختلفوا، فمنهم من قال: ان سليمان قد بقى متكيا على عصاه هذه الايام الكثيرة ولم يتعب ولم ينم ولم يشرب ولم يأكل، انه لربنا الذي يجب علينا ان نعبده، وقال قوم: ان سليمان ساحر وانه يرينا انه واقف متكئ على عصاه يسحر أعيننا وليس كذلك، وقال المؤمنون: ان سليمان هو عبد الله ونبيه يدبر الله أمره بما شاء، فلما اختلفوا، بعث الله عز وجل الارضة فدبت في عصاة سليمان فلما أكلت جوفها انكسرت العصاة وخر سليمان من قصره على وجهه، فشكرت الجن للارضة صنيعها، فلاجل ذلك لا توجد الارضة في مكان إلا وعندها ماء وطين، ذلك قول الله عزوجل: (فلما قضينا عليه الموت ما دلهم على موته إلا دابة الارض تأكل منسأته) يعني عصاه – فلما خر تبينت الجن ان لو كانوا يعلمون الغيب ما لبثوا في العذاب المهين، ثم قال الصادق " ع ": والله ما نزلت هذه الآية هكذا وإنما نزلت: فلما خر تبينت الانس ان الجن لو كانوا يعلمون الغيب ما لبثوا في العذاب المهين.


2. Ahmad Bin Ziyad Bin Ja’far Al Hamdany narrated to us, from Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from his father, from Ali Bin Ma’bad, from Al Husayn Bin Khalid, (It has been narrated) from Abu Al-Hassan Ali (a.s.) Bin Musa Al-Ridha (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) Musa (a.s.) Bin Ja’far (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) Ja’far Bin Muhammad (a.s.) having said: ‘One day, Suleyman (as) Bin Dawood (as) said to his (as) companions that: ‘Allah (azwj) the Blessed and High has Endowed unto me (as) a kingdom that is not befitting for anyone from after me (as). He (as) Made the wind to be subservient to me, along with the humans, and the Jinn, and the bird, and the wild animals, and Taught me (as) the speech of the birds, and Gave me (as) from everything. And along will all what He (azwj) Gave to me (as) from the kingdom, my (as) joy is not complete, day to the night. And I (as) would love it that I (as) should enter my (as) castle in the morning, and ascend to its high point and look at my (as) kingdom. So, do not allow anyone to (come to see) me (as), so as not to spoil my happiness of my (as) day’. So they said, ‘Yes’. So when it was the morning, he (as) grabbed his (as) staff by his (as) hand and ascended to a high place from his castle, and paused relying upon his (as) staff looking at his (as) kingdom, joyful at what he (as) had been Given. He (as) was happily looking at what he (as) had been Granted when he saw a young man of a beautiful face and clothes who had come out to him (as) from one of the corners of his (as) castle. So when Suleyman (as) saw him, said to him: ‘Who entered you into this castle, and I (as) had intended that I (as) should be alone in it today, and by whose permission have you entered?’ The young man said, ‘It was the Lord (azwj) of this castle who Entered me into it, and it was by His (azwj) Permission that I entered’. So he (as) said: ‘Its Lord (azwj) is more Rightful for it than I (as) am. So who are you?’ He said: ‘I am the Angel of Death’. He (as) said: ‘And with regards to what have you come?’ He said: ‘I have come to capture your (as) soul’. He (as) said: ‘Fulfill what you have been Commanded with, so this is my (as) day of joy, and Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Refused that there should occur for me (as) happiness, apart from meeting with Him (azwj)’. So the Angel of Death captured his (as) soul, and he (as) was reclining upon his (as) staff. Thus, Suleyman (as) remained reclining upon his (as) staff, and he (as) was dead, for as long as Allah (azwj) so Desired it, and the people were looking at him (as) and they were reckoning that he (as) was alive. Thus, they were tried with regards to it and differed. Among them was one who said, ‘Suleyman (as) has remained reclining upon his (as) staff for long these days, and he (as) neither gets tired, nor sleeps, nor drinks, nor eats. He (as) is our lord and it is Obligatory upon us to worship him (as)’. And a group said, ‘Suleyman (as) is a sorcerer, and he (as) is showing us that he (as) has paused reclining upon his (as) staff, having spell-bound our eyes, and it is not like that’. And the Believers said, ‘Suleyman (as) is a servant of Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Prophet (as). Allah (azwj) Manages his (as) affair with whatever He (azwj) so Desires to’. So when they differed, Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Sent the termite. So it crept up in the staff of Suleyman (as). So when it had eaten from inside of it, the staff broke and Suleyman (as) fell down upon his face from his (as) castle. So the Jinn went to thank the termite for what it had done, but when they got there they did not find the termite in that place, except that over there was water and the clay. These are the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [34:14] But when We decreed death for him, nothing showed them his death but a creature of the earth which ate away his staff – Meaning his (as) stick. and when he fell down, the Jinn came to know plainly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have tarried in abasing torment’. Then Al-Sadiq (a.s.) said: ‘By Allah (azwj)! This Verse was not Revealed like this. But rather, it was Revealed as Then Al-Sadiq (a.s.) said: ‘And this Verse was not Revealed like this, but rather it was Revealed as “So when he fell, it was evident to the Humans, if the Jinn had known the unseen, they would not have remained in abasing Punishment”.




حدثنا أبى رضى االله عنه قال حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن ابن أبى عمير، عن أبان، عن أبى نصير، عن أبى جعفر عليه السلام قال: أمر سليمان بن داود الجن فصنعوا له قبة من قوارير، فبينما هو متكئ على عصاه في القبة ينظر الى الجن كيف يعلمون وهم ينظرون إليه إذ حانت منه التفاتة فإذا رجل معه في القبة قال من أنت؟ قال أنا الذي لا أقبل الرشا ولا أهاب الملوك أنا ملك الموت، فقبضه وهو قائم متكئ على عصاه في القبة والجن ينظرون إليه قال: فمكثوا سنة يدأبون له حتى بعث الله عزوجل الارضة فاكلت منسأته - وهى العصا فلما خر تبينت الجن ان لو كانوا يعلمون الغيب ما لبثوا في العذاب المهين. قال أبو جعفر " ع " ان الجن يشكرون الارضة ما صنعت بعصاة سليمان " ع " فما تكاد تراها في مكان إلا وعندها ماء وطين.


3. My father narrated to us, from Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin hashim, from his father Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Aban, from Abu Nusayr, Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said: ‘Suleyman (as) Bin Dawood (as) ordered the Jinn, so they made for him (as) a dome from glass. So whilst he (as) was reclining upon his (as) staff in the dome, he (as) looked towards the Jinn how they were working, and they were looking at him, when he (as) felt the arrival of someone. There was a man with him (as) inside the dome. He (as) said: ‘Who are you?’ He said: ‘I am the one who neither accepts a bribe nor the gifts of the kings. I am the Angel of Death’. So he captured him (as) (his (as) soul), and he (as) stood there reclining upon his (as) staff in the dome, and the Jinn were looking at him (as). The Imam (a.s.) said: ‘So they remained working hard for him (as) for a year, until Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Sent the termite, so it ate away at his (as) stick – and it is the staff. [34:14] and when he fell down, the Jinn came to know plainly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have tarried in abasing torment’. Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘The Jinn went to thank the termite for what it had done with the staff of Suleyman (as), but they did not find in that place except that there was water and clay in his (as) presence’.




حدثنا أبى رضى الله عنه قال حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن الحسين ابن الحسين بن أبان، عن محمد بن أورمة، عن الحسن بن علي، عن علي بن عقبة، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن أبى عبد الله " ع " قال: لقد شكرت الشياطين الارضة حين أكلت عصاة سليمان " ع " حتى سقط، وقالوا: عليك الخراب وعلينا الماء والطين فلا تكاد تراها في موضع إلا رأيت ماء وطينا.


4. My father narrate to us, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar, from Al Husayn Ibn Al Husayn Bin Aban, from Muhammad Bin Awrama, from Al Hassan Bin Ali, from Ali Bin Uqba, from one of our companions, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘The devils were thankful to the termite when it ate away the staff of Suleyman (as) until he (as) fell, and said, ‘Upon you is the destruction, and upon us is the water and the clay’, for they did not find in the place except that they say water and the clay’.