53. The reason due to which Suleyman (as) said [38:35] Lord! Forgive me and Grant me a kingdom which is not fit for (being inherited by) anyone after me

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حدثنا احمد بن يحيى المكتب قال: حدثنا احمد بن محمد الوراق أبو الطيب قال: حدثنا علي بن هارون الحميري قال: حدثنا علي بن محمد بن سليمان النوفلي قال: حدثني أبى، عن علي بن يقطين قال: قلت لابي الحسن موسى بن جعفر " ع " أيجوز أن يكون نبي الله عز وجل بخيلا؟ فقال لا، فقلت له: فقول سليمان " ع " رب أغفر لي وهب لي ملكا لا ينبغي لاحد من بعدي، ما وجهه وما معناه؟ فقال: «الملك ملكان: ملك مأخوذ بالغلبة، و الجور، و اختيار الناس، و ملك مأخوذ من قبل الله تبارك و تعالى، كملك إبراهيم، و ملك طالوت، و ملك ذي القرنين. فقال سليمان (عليه السلام): هب لي ملكا لا ينبغي لأحد من بعدي، أن يقول: إنه مأخوذ بالغلبة، و الجور، و اختيار الناس، فسخر الله تبارك و تعالى له الريح تجري بأمره رخاء حيث أصاب، و جعل غدوها شهرا، و رواحها شهرا، و سخر له الشياطين كل بناء و غواص، و علم منطق الطير، و مكن في الأرض، فعلم الناس في وقته و بعده أن ملكه لا يشبه ملك الملوك المختارين من قبل الناس، و المالكين بالغلبة و الجور». قال: فقلت له: فقول رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله): «رحم الله أخي سليمان، ما كان أبخله!» فقال (عليه السلام): «لقوله وجهان: أحدهما: ما كان أبخله بعرضه، و سوء القول فيه! و الوجه الآخر: يقول: ما كان أبخله إن كان أراد ما يذهب إليه الجهال!». ثم قال (عليه السلام): «قد- و الله- أوتينا ما اوتي سليمان، و ما لم يؤت سليمان، و ما لم يؤت أحد من العالمين، قال الله عز و جل في قصة سليمان: هذا عَطاؤُنا فَامْنُنْ أَوْ أَمْسِكْ بِغَيْرِ حِسابٍ، و قال عز و جل في قصة محمد (صلى الله عليه و آله): ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا»


1. Ahmad Bin Yahya Al Maktab narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al waraq Abu Al Tayyab, from Ali Bin Haroun Al Humeyri, from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Suleyman Al Nowfaly, from his father, from Ali Bin Yaqteen who said, ‘I said to Abu Al-Hassan Al-Musa (a.s.) Bin Ja’far (a.s.), ‘Is it permissible for a Prophet (as) of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic to become stingy?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘No!’ So I said to him (a.s.), ‘So (what about) the words of Suleyman (as) [38:35] He said: Lord! Forgive me and Grant me a kingdom which is not fit for (being inherited by) anyone after me, what is its perspective, and what is its Meaning?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘The kingdoms are of two types – A kingdom which is attained by the overcoming, and the tyranny, and the choice of the people; and a kingdom which is attained from the Presence of Allah (azwj) Blessed and High, like the kingdom of Ibrahim (as), and kingdom of Taloot, and kingdom of Zul Qarnayn. Suleyman (as) said: ‘[38:35] Grant me a kingdom which is not fit for (being inherited by) anyone after me. He (as) is speaking about the one which is attained by the overcoming, and the tyranny, and the choice of the people. Allah (azwj) Blessed and High [38:36] Made the wind to be subservient to him; flowing gently by his command to wherever he so desired, and Made its morning as a month, and its flowing a month, and Made subservient to him (as) the Devils who used to build and dive, and Taught him (as) the language of the birds, and to move in the earth. So the people knew, during his (as) time and after him (as) that his (as) kingdom does not resemble the kingdoms of the choice of the people, and the kingdoms of the overcoming and the tyranny’. I said to him (a.s.), ‘(What about) the words of Rasool-Allah (saww): ‘May Allah (azwj) have Mercy upon my (saww) brother Suleyman (as), how stingy he (as) was!’ The Imam (a.s.) replied: ‘His (saww) words have two perspectives – One of these is how stingy he (as) was by his (as) offer, and evil is the word in it! And another perspective is that he (saww) is saying: ‘How stingy he (as) was that he (as) did not want it to go (inherited by) the ignorant!’ Then the Imam (a.s.) said: ‘We (a.s.) have been Given what Suleyman (as) had been Given, and what he (as) had not been Given (as well), and what no one in the Worlds have been Given. Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Said in the story of Suleyman (as) [38:39] This is Our Gift, therefore give out freely or withhold, without measure. And the Mighty and Majestic Said in the story of Muhammad (saww) [59:7] and whatever the Rasool gives you, accept it, and from whatever he forbids you, keep back’.